Griboyedov Canal

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Coordinates: 59°55′58″N 30°19′30″E / 59.9327°N 30.3251°E / 59.9327; 30.3251

Griboyedov Canal
Church of the Saviour on the Blood at Night, St. Petersburg, Russia.jpg
In Backdrop of Griboyedov Canal, the Church of the Savior on Blood, St. Petersburg.
Specifications
Length3 miles (4.8 km)
Statusopen
History
Former namesCatherine Canal
Date of act1739
Date completed1745
Geography
Start pointMoyka River near the Field of Mars
End pointFontanka River

The Griboyedov Canal or Kanal Griboyedova (Russian: кана́л Грибое́дова) is a canal in Saint Petersburg, constructed in 1739 along the existing Krivusha river.[1] In 1764–90, the canal was deepened and the banks were reinforced and covered with granite.

The Griboyedov Canal starts from the Moyka River near the Field of Mars. It flows into the Fontanka River. Its length is 5 kilometres (3 mi), with a width of 32 metres (105 ft).

Before 1923, it was called the Catherine Canal, after the Empress Catherine the Great, during whose rule it was deepened. The Communist authorities renamed it after the Russian playwright and diplomat, Alexandr Griboyedov.

The streets or embankments running along the canal are known as Naberezhnaya Kanala Griboyedova.

Bridges[edit]

There are 21 bridges across the canal:

Cultural references[edit]

Griboedov Canal appears on the cover of the 2011 contemporary classical album, Troika.[2]

The canal is a key location in Fyodor Dostoyevsky's novel, Crime and Punishment. Like most locations in the novel, the canal is rarely identified by its proper name; in fact, on most occasions Dostoyevsky refers to it as a kanava, a word which in English is closer to the word "ditch." In a footnote to the Penguin Deluxe Classics edition of the book, translator Oliver Ready describes the canal as a "filthy and polluted place" which is nevertheless "the topographical center of the book."[3] The novel's protagonist, Raskolnikov, repeatedly crosses over the canal, and tentatively plans on disposing of stolen property there. The apartment building where he commits his crimes "faced the Ditch on one side and [Srednyaya Podyacheskay]a Street on the other."[3]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Griboedov Canal (Saint Petersburg, 1739)". Structurae. Retrieved 2020-05-01.
  2. ^ "Troika: Russia’s westerly poetry in three orchestral song cycles", Rideau Rouge Records, ASIN: B005USB24A, 2011.
  3. ^ a b Dostoyevsky, Fyodor (2015). Crime and Punishment. New York: Penguin Books. pp. 521–522. ISBN 9780143107637.