Gridley, California

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City of Gridley
Annual Red Suspenders Parade honoring public safety in downtown Gridley
Annual Red Suspenders Parade honoring public safety in downtown Gridley
Official seal of City of Gridley
Seal
Nickname(s): 
A Distinguished California City
Motto(s): 
The Small Town that Loves Company
Location of Gridley in Butte County, California.
Location of Gridley in Butte County, California.
City of Gridley is located in the United States
City of Gridley
City of Gridley
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 39°21′50″N 121°41′37″W / 39.36389°N 121.69361°W / 39.36389; -121.69361Coordinates: 39°21′50″N 121°41′37″W / 39.36389°N 121.69361°W / 39.36389; -121.69361
Country United States
State California
CountyButte
IncorporatedNovember 23, 1905[1]
Named forGeorge W. Gridley
Government
 • MayorBruce Johnson
 • AdministratorPaul Eckert
 • State SenatorJim Nielsen (R)[2]
 • CA AssemblyJames Gallagher (R)[3]
 • U. S. CongressDoug LaMalfa (R)[4]
Area
 • Total2.08 sq mi (5.40 km2)
 • Land2.08 sq mi (5.40 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)  0%
Elevation95 ft (29 m)
Population
 • Total6,584
 • Estimate 
(2019)[8]
7,224
 • Density3,160.27/sq mi (1,220.30/km2)
Time zoneUTC-8 (Pacific)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-7 (PDT)
ZIP code
95948
Area code530
FIPS code06-31260
GNIS feature IDs277526, 2410665
Websitewww.gridley.ca.us

Gridley is a neighborhood community with agricultural roots and an historic downtown. It's located in Butte County, California, United States, 29 miles (47 kilometers) south of Chico, California and 56 miles (90 kilometers) north of Sacramento, California. The 2019 State of California population estimate was 7,224. California State Route 99 runs through Gridley and Interstate 5 and California State Route 70 are both nearby.

History[edit]

Butte County was originally a bountiful land of groves of oak trees, fields of manzanita brush, and marshes and lakes in the rainy season. The valley floor abounded with wild game, geese and ducks overhead, deer, antelope, tule elk, the coyote, and many smaller varieties of animal life. Fish swarmed in the rivers and creeks. Several tribal groups, including the Maidu people, were settled in the region when they were first encountered by Spanish and Mexican scouting expeditions in the early 18th century. In the 1850s George W. Gridley, a wool grower and grain farmer who at the time was one of the largest landowners in Butte County, settled a 960-acre home ranch west of the town site that was to be named after him. Gridley was established in 1870 when the Oregon and California Railroad was constructed north from Marysville. The railroad reached Chico on July 2, 1870.[9]

In response to a "The Place Where Crops Never Fail" advertising campaign by the California Irrigated Land Company, members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints began emigrating from the Rexburg, Idaho area to Gridley in November 1906. By February of the following year the Gridley Branch of the church was organized and more Latter-day Saints continued coming to Gridley from Idaho, Nevada, Utah and other states, effectively turning this small farming community into a Mormon enclave.[10] By the end of 1908 there were some 500 LDS settlers in the Gridley area and their first chapel was constructed on the west corner of Sycamore and Vermont Streets in 1912 with a seating capacity of 1,000—the largest LDS meetinghouse west of Salt Lake City at that time.[11]

Following a fire in November 2018 in Paradise, California, 400 temporary modular housing units called the "Gridley Camp Fire Community" were erected at a city-owned industrial park in Gridley.[12]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the City has a total area of 2.1 square miles (5.4 km2), all land.

Climate[edit]

According to the Köppen climate classification system, Gridley has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csa" on climate maps.[13]

Climate data for Gridley
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 70
(21)
78
(26)
84
(29)
95
(35)
106
(41)
108
(42)
113
(45)
113
(45)
112
(44)
101
(38)
84
(29)
72
(22)
113
(45)
Average high °F (°C) 52
(11)
59
(15)
63.2
(17.3)
73.4
(23.0)
80.6
(27.0)
88
(31)
96
(36)
93.5
(34.2)
89.8
(32.1)
77.5
(25.3)
63.4
(17.4)
54.1
(12.3)
74.2
(23.4)
Average low °F (°C) 34.8
(1.6)
37.9
(3.3)
41.6
(5.3)
46.3
(7.9)
52.4
(11.3)
57.1
(13.9)
60.9
(16.1)
58.4
(14.7)
55.7
(13.2)
48.3
(9.1)
40.1
(4.5)
37.5
(3.1)
47.6
(8.7)
Record low °F (°C) 19
(−7)
24
(−4)
26
(−3)
28
(−2)
36
(2)
42
(6)
48
(9)
48
(9)
42
(6)
28
(−2)
20
(−7)
22
(−6)
19
(−7)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 5.07
(129)
3.05
(77)
2.62
(67)
1.04
(26)
0.86
(22)
0.26
(6.6)
0.03
(0.76)
0.02
(0.51)
0.36
(9.1)
0.89
(23)
2.25
(57)
3.72
(94)
20.19
(513)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 0.4
(1.0)
0.1
(0.25)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.5
(1.3)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 inch) 12 9 9 4 4 2 0 0 1 4 6 10 61
Source: [14]

Demographics[edit]

2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[15] reported that Gridley had a population of 6,584. The population density was 3,179.1 people per square mile (1,227.4/km²). The racial makeup of Gridley was 4,283 (65.1%) White, 55 (0.8%) African American, 98 (1.5%) Native American, 249 (3.8%) Asian, 3 (0.0%) Pacific Islander, 1,552 (23.6%) from other races, and 344 (5.2%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3,000 persons (45.6%).

The Census reported that 6,472 people (98.3% of the population) lived in households, 16 (0.2%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 96 (1.5%) were institutionalized. There were 2,183 households, out of which 910 (41.7%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 1,087 (49.8%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 338 (15.5%) had a female householder with no husband present, 134 (6.1%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 149 (6.8%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 8 (0.4%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 520 households (23.8%) were made up of individuals and 297 (13.6%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.96. There were 1,559 families (71.4% of all households); the average family size was 3.54.

The population was spread out with 1,892 people (28.7%) under the age of 18, 668 people (10.1%) aged 18 to 24, 1,681 people (25.5%) aged 25 to 44, 1,415 people (21.5%) aged 45 to 64, and 928 people (14.1%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33.1 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.6 males.

There were 2,406 housing units at an average density of 1,161.7 per square mile (448.5/km²), of which 2,183 were occupied, of which 1,262 (57.8%) were owner-occupied, and 921 (42.2%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.6%; the rental vacancy rate was 6.5%. 3,829 people (58.2% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 2,643 people (40.1%) lived in rental housing units.

Economy[edit]

Gridley is adjacent to the Sacramento metropolitan area, the fifth largest metropolitan area in California after the Los Angeles metropolitan area, the San Francisco Bay Area, the Inland Empire, and the San Diego metropolitan area, and is the 27th largest in the United States.[16] In 2002, the Civil Rights Project at Harvard University conducted for Time magazine named Sacramento "America's Most Diverse City".[17]

Tourism[edit]

Lake Oroville with the Bidwell Bar Bridge in the Background
Photograph of Lake Oroville in the foothills of the Sierra Nevada mountains.
  • The Gridley area is a sportsman's haven. Excellent hunting, fishing and naturalist opportunities are available on private and public lands. The Gray Lodge Wildlife Waterfowl Management Area, an integral part of the Refuge Water Supply Program is located just 10 miles (16 kilometers) southwest of Gridley. Its 8,400 acres form some of the most intensively used and developed wetlands in the entire Pacific Flyway.[18].
  • Gridley is just, 24 miles (39 kilometers) away from the exceptional recreational facilities available at Lake Oroville. Lake Oroville and the Oroville Afterbay feed into the clear rolling waters of the Feather River, which provides some of the best salmon fishing in the state. The Oroville Dam is one of the 20 largest dams in the world, the largest earth filled dam in the US, and the tallest dam in the US. This dam is 770 feet (235 m) tall and 6920 feet (2109 m) long, and it impounds Lake Oroville, which has a capacity of 3,500,000 acre feet (4.3 km3) of water, making it the second largest reservoir in California.
  • Lake Oroville is a man-made lake that was formed by the Oroville Dam. At 900 feet at max capacity the lake has 15,500 surface acres for recreation and 167 miles of shoreline. Lake Oroville features an abundance of camping, picnicking, horseback riding, hiking, sail and power boating, water-skiing, fishing, swimming, boat-in camping, floating campsites and horse camping. At the base of the Dam, the Feather River Fish Hatchery raise Chinook salmon and steelhead along the Feather River.[19]
  • Lake Oroville Visitor Center is located in Kelly Ridge and overlooks the Oroville Dam and Lake Oroville. The visitor center is home to a museum with interpretive displays, the history of the dam and the State Water Project. A 47-foot viewing tower also allows the visitor the opportunity to have a panoramic view of the lake and surrounding areas.[19]

Parks and Recreation[edit]

Gridley Arch welcomes visitors
Vierra Park

Gridley has several trails and parks featuring playgrounds, picnic tables and benches.[20] Boat Launch Park includes a new boat ramp and dock, restrooms, lighting, and a fish cleaning table. It is located 3 miles (4.8 kilometers) east of Gridley on East Gridley Road. The modern facility was largely funded by the California Division of Boating and Waterways.[21]

Education[edit]

The Gridley Community is served by the Gridley Unified School District. Schools in the Gridley Unified School District include:

  • Gridley High School
  • Esperanza High School
  • Sycamore Middle School
  • McKinley Elementary School
  • Wilson Elementary School
  • Manzanita Elementary School

Higher Education[edit]

Infrastructure[edit]

Healthcare[edit]

Orchard Hospital is a general acute care facility in Gridley with a Level IV trauma center and standby emergency care.[citation needed]

Highways[edit]

Gridley is located in the Central Valley, along California State Route 99, 56 miles (90 kilometers) north of Sacramento. It is close to larger metropolitan areas. California State Route 70 and Interstate 5 are both within 20 miles (32 kilometers).

Public Transport[edit]

B-Line Butte Regional Transit is Butte County's regional public transit system. Area residents use B-Line to travel locally in Gridley, Chico, Oroville, and Paradise, or to travel between communities throughout Butte County.[22]

Airport[edit]

Sacramento International Airport (IATA: SMF, ICAO: KSMF, FAA LID: SMF) is a public airport 52 miles (84 kilometers) south of Gridley, in Sacramento County, California. Southwest Airlines currently accounts for half the airline passengers. The Airport served more than 10 million passengers in 2016.[23]

The Oroville Municipal Airport is located 11 miles (18 kilometers) to the northeast of Gridley on State Route 162 and west of State Route 70.

Notable People[edit]

Downtown Gridley

References[edit]

  1. ^ "California Cities by Incorporation Date". California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Archived from the original (Word) on November 3, 2014. Retrieved March 27, 2013.
  2. ^ "Senators". State of California. Retrieved March 20, 2013.
  3. ^ "Members Assembly". State of California. Retrieved March 20, 2013.
  4. ^ "California's 1st Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved March 1, 2013.
  5. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 19, 2017.
  6. ^ "Gridley". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved May 27, 2015.
  7. ^ "Gridley (city) QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 28, 2015. Retrieved May 27, 2015.
  8. ^ http://dof.ca.gov/forecasting/demographics/estimates/e-1/
  9. ^ http://www.vanderfordfamily.com/html/countyca.htm
  10. ^ Cowan, Richard O. (1996). California Saints: A 150-Year Legacy in the Golden State. Provo, UT: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University. p. 253.
  11. ^ "History of the LDS Church in the Gridley, California Area". Gridley Reunion Committee. Retrieved 20 August 2017.
  12. ^ "FEMA modulars waiting for Gridley site". Chico-Enterprise-Record. Retrieved 10 January 2019.
  13. ^ Climate Summary for Gridley, California
  14. ^ "GRIDLEY, CA (043639)". Western Regional Climate Center. Retrieved November 15, 2015.
  15. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA – Gridley city". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
  16. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2017". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 18, 2018. Retrieved May 8, 2018.
  17. ^ Caraccio, David. "Sacramento is fastest growing big city in California". The Sacramento Bee. Archived from the original on May 2, 2017. Retrieved May 3, 2017
  18. ^ Pacific Flyway
  19. ^ a b "Lake Oroville SRA". CA State Parks. Retrieved 2019-06-17.
  20. ^ "City of Gridley: City Recreation". City of Gridley.
  21. ^ "CA Division of Boating and Waterways". Retrieved December 18, 2008.
  22. ^ [1]. http://www.blinetransit.com. Retrieved on 2017-06-12.
  23. ^ "Sacramento International Airport Breaks 10 Million Passenger Mark For First Time Since 2008". CBS Sacramento. January 17, 2017. Archived from the original on October 30, 2019. Retrieved 30 October 2019.

External Links[edit]