In general, grievance (from class. lat. gravis – heavy) is a wrong or hardship suffered, whether real or supposed, which forms legitimate grounds of complaint. In the past, the word meant oppressive state of things.
The revolt of English barons in the early thirteenth century which led to the Magna Carta of 1215 was partly motivated by grievances against abuses by King John. This right to Petition the king, for grievances, was affirmed in the Bill of Rights 1689