Griffin, Georgia

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Griffin, Georgia
Griffin City Hall
Griffin City Hall
Nickname(s): 
"The Iris City"
Motto(s): 
Growing, Together
Location in Spalding County and the state of Georgia
Location in Spalding County and the state of Georgia
Coordinates: 33°14′51″N 84°16′15″W / 33.24750°N 84.27083°W / 33.24750; -84.27083Coordinates: 33°14′51″N 84°16′15″W / 33.24750°N 84.27083°W / 33.24750; -84.27083
CountryUnited States
StateGeorgia
CountySpalding
Government
 • Town ManagerKenny Smith
Area
 • Total14.07 sq mi (36.44 km2)
 • Land13.94 sq mi (36.09 km2)
 • Water0.14 sq mi (0.35 km2)
Elevation
978 ft (298 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total23,643
 • Estimate 
(2019)[2]
22,813
 • Density1,637.10/sq mi (632.08/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
30223-30224
Area code(s)770
FIPS code13-35324[3]
GNIS feature ID0356111[4]
Websitehttp://www.cityofgriffin.com/

Griffin is a city in and the county seat of Spalding County, Georgia.[5] It is part of the Atlanta metropolitan area. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 23,643.[6]

Griffin was founded in 1840 and named for landowner Col. Lewis Lawrence Griffin.[7] Several notable people are from Griffin and the city has been filmed for several notable shows and movies.

Griffin Technical College was located in Griffin from 1963 and a branch of Southern Crescent Technical College is in Griffin. The Griffin Synodical Female College was established by Presbyterians but closed.[8] The University of Georgia maintains a branch campus in Griffin.[9]

History[edit]

The Macon and Western Railroad was extended to a new station in Griffin in 1842.[10]

In 1938, Alma Lovell had been distributing religious Bible tracts as a Jehovah's Witness but was arrested for violating a city ordinance requiring prior permission for distributing literature. In Lovell v. City of Griffin, the U.S. Supreme Court found that the city had violated her First Amendment and Fourteenth Amendment rights.

Building on East Solomon Street (dated 1894) in Griffin

The Griffin Commercial Historic District (among the National Register of Historic Places listings in Spalding County, Georgia) is generally bounded by Central Alley, Sixth Street, Taylor Street and Eighth Street. The district includes the Griffin Grocery Company Building, now the Griffin Regional Welcome Center.[11]

Geography[edit]

Griffin is located at 33°14′51″N 84°16′15″W / 33.24750°N 84.27083°W / 33.24750; -84.27083 (33.247602, -84.270891).[12] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 14.6 square miles (38 km2), of which 14.5 square miles (38 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) (0.55%) is water.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18502,320
18602,85523.1%
18703,42119.8%
18803,6205.8%
18904,50324.4%
19006,85752.3%
19107,4789.1%
19208,24010.2%
193010,32125.3%
194013,22228.1%
195013,9825.7%
196021,73555.4%
197022,7344.6%
198020,728−8.8%
199021,3473.0%
200023,4519.9%
201023,6430.8%
2019 (est.)22,813[2]−3.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[13]

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 23,451 people, 8,876 households, and 5,955 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,615.0 people per square mile (623.6/km2). There were 9,636 housing units at an average density of 663.6 per square mile (256.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 49.88% African American, 46.98% White, 0.17% Native American, 0.99% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.98% from other races, and 0.98% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.22% of the population.

There were 8,876 households, out of which 33.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.1% were married couples living together, 24.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.9% were non-families. 27.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.17.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 28.7% under the age of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 28.9% from 25 to 44, 18.8% from 45 to 64, and 13.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 86.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $30,088, and the median income for a family was $33,963. Males had a median income of $30,488 versus $21,352 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,563. About 17.7% of families and 21.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.4% of those under age 18 and 16.0% of those ages of 65 or over.

Education[edit]

The Griffin-Spalding County School District holds grades pre-school to grade twelve and consists of eleven elementary schools, four middle schools, and three high schools. The district has 661 full-time teachers and over 10,648 students.[14] Griffin Technical College was located in Griffin from 1963 and, following a merger, a branch of Southern Crescent Technical College is in Griffin. The Griffin Synodical Female College was established by Presbyterians but closed.[8] The University of Georgia maintains a branch campus in Griffin.[9][15] Griffin Region College and Career Academy located within the City limits [16] GRCCA preparing students for college and careers through actual college courses for both high school and college credits. Very popular Civil Air Patrol awarding-winning aerospace education program promotes aerospace, aviation and STEM-related careers with engaging, standards-based, hands-on curriculum and activities. It shapes the experiences and aspirations of youth both in and outside of CAP’s cadet program.[17]

Sports and recreation[edit]

The Griffin Warriors, a World Basketball Association team, played at the high school in 2006.

Griffin, during the “golden ages” of baseball hosted several minor league class D teams

Griffin Lightfoots, Georgia-Alabama League (1915-1916) Griffin Griffs, Georgia-Alabama League (1917) Griffin, Georgia State League (1920) Griffin, Georgia State League (1921) Griffin Pimientos, Georgia-Alabama League (1947-1949, 1951) (class d affiliate to the St. Louis Browns) Griffin Tigers, Georgia-Alabama League (1950)

Media[edit]

The Griffin Daily News is a local paper, founded in 1872.[18] WMVV is a local Christian station, WHIE AM broadcasts country music, while WKEU (AM) broadcasts oldies. WYFK, a Christian station, has their W290AG translator in Griffin. University of Georgia Griffin Campus has a news radio station on 88.9FM or live stream at wkeuradio.com

Notable people[edit]

  • Bill Anderson - country singer who was born in South Carolina and grew up in Griffin
  • Edward Andrews - film and television actor (born in Griffin, GA)
  • Lewis White Beck - philosopher, translator, textbook author, and scholar of German philosophy was born here on September 26, 1913..
  • Tim Beckham - professional baseball player who was first overall pick in 2008 Major League Baseball draft after attending Griffin High School (born in Griffin)
  • Kyle Stemberger - music producer (credited with working with recording artist(s) Jorja Smith, Trippie Redd, Lil Baby, Flipp Dinero, among others)
  • Brian Bohannon - head football coach at Kennesaw State since March 2013. He played wide receiver for UGA and held a number of assistant coaching positions before becoming a head coach.
  • James S. Boynton- was an American politician and jurist. Boynton briefly served as the 51st Governor of Georgia from 1883 after the death of governor Alexander Stephens. At the time of Stephens' death, Boynton was serving as the president of the Georgia Senate so he assumed the governorship. His additional political service included the office of Mayor of Griffin, Georgia. Boynton also served as a judge in the Spalding County, Georgia Court, and the Flint Circuit Superior Court. He was born in Henry County, Georgia and moved to Griffin in 1865. Boynton died at his home in Griffin in 1902 and was buried in Oak Hill Cemetery in that same city.
  • Jody Breeze - a rapper who has worked with Gucci Mane, Gorilla Zoe, Boyz N Da Hood.

Culture[edit]

The city of Griffin received a 2017 Live, Work, Play City Award presented by the Georgia Municipal Association (GMA), in conjunction with Georgia Trend Magazine, during GMA’s annual Mayors’ Day Conference in Atlanta.[citation needed]

The Griffin Ballet Theatre was founded in 1994.[19]

The Main Street Players professional theater was founded in 2001.[20]

The Griffin Museum is located upstairs in the Welcome Center and contains an array of Griffin artifacts and memorabilia, including some dating from the mid-1800s.

Griffin Choral Arts, founded in 2007 is a 50-voice auditioned regional community chorus that performs four major concerts each season.[21]

The Griffin Chamber Music Society was founded in 2017.

Griffin/Spalding Art Association was founded in 1969.

Griffin Music Club was founded in 1942, and is affiliated with the National Federation of Music Clubs (NFMC).[22]

The Griffin Area Concert Association was founded in 1969.[23] It presents performances by national and international performing artists featuring dance, musical theater, solo instrumentalists, vocal, string or brass ensembles and other performing arts.

Griffin Spalding Historical Society was founded in 1969.[24] Its headquarter is in the Bailey-Tebault House houses at Meriwether Street, of which it provides tours.

The Griffin-Spalding Athletic Hall of Fame was founded in 1983.

Since 1962 the city has presented an early annual Christmas Parade, with floats and marching bands, presented by the Southside Riders.

Kiwanis of Griffin was founded in 1940.[25]

In downtown Griffin there is a haunted house attraction, the Sinister Suites Haunted Hotel. The hotel was built in 1910, and after being closed in the 1970s was re-opened as a haunted attraction during October. It features a five-story, 60,000-square foot walk-through of the hotel.[26]

Griffin has been featured or used as a production site in many films and television shows.[27][28]

The city is also the location of a level in the video game Left 4 Dead 2, developed by Valve Corporation.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 9, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  3. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  6. ^ Griffin (city) QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau Archived 2011-12-05 at the Wayback Machine. Quickfacts.census.gov. Retrieved on 2013-08-09.
  7. ^ Hellmann, Paul T. (May 13, 2013). Historical Gazetteer of the United States. Routledge. p. 232. Retrieved November 30, 2013.
  8. ^ a b Florence Fleming Corley, "The Presbyterian Quest: Higher Education for Georgia Women," American Presbyterians, 1991, Vol. 69 Issue 2, pp 83-96
  9. ^ a b "A University of Georgia degree is closer than you think. - University of Georgia Griffin Campus". Uga.edu. Retrieved December 23, 2017.
  10. ^ "Monroe Railroad (1833)". Railga.com. Retrieved December 23, 2017.
  11. ^ "Griffin Commercial District". Ryan-gluesing.com. Retrieved December 23, 2017.
  12. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  13. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  14. ^ "Free District Report for Spalding County". School-stats.com. Retrieved December 23, 2017.
  15. ^ https://www.griffin.uga.edu/
  16. ^ http://www.grcca.education
  17. ^ https://ga014.cap.gov/who-we-are/about
  18. ^ "About Us". Griffin Daily News. Archived from the original on October 23, 2017. Retrieved December 23, 2017.
  19. ^ https://www.griffinballettheatre.org
  20. ^ http://www.mainstreetplayers.org
  21. ^ http://www.griffinchoralarts.org
  22. ^ http://griffinareaartsalliance.org/im-artist/griffin-music-club/
  23. ^ http://www.griffinconcerts.org
  24. ^ http://www.griffinhistory.com/
  25. ^ https://www.kiwanisofgriffin.com
  26. ^ https://www.sinistersuites.com
  27. ^ "Filming in Griffin". www.downtowngriffinga.com. Retrieved September 25, 2020.
  28. ^ https://www.imdb.com/search/title/?locations=Griffin,%20Georgia,%20USA&ref_=ttloc_loc_8

External links[edit]