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Town of Griffith, Indiana
The Town That Came to the Tracks
Location of Griffith in Lake County, Indiana.
|Townships||Calumet and St. John|
|Named for||Benjamin Griffith|
|• Body||Town Council|
|• President||Rick A. Ryfa (R, 3rd)|
|• Members:||James A. Marker (R, 1st) Larry Ballah (R, 2nd) Melissa Robbins (R, 4th) Tony Hobson (D, 5th)|
|• Clerk-Treasurer||John C. Volkmann (R)|
|• Total||7.74 sq mi (20.03 km2)|
|• Land||7.74 sq mi (20.03 km2)|
|• Water||0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)|
|Elevation||630 ft (192 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||2,101.10/sq mi (811.28/km2)|
|Standard of living (2008-12)|
|• Per capita income||$26,548|
|• Median home value||$141,600|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (Central)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (Central)|
|GNIS feature ID||0435501|
Griffith is 630 feet (190 m) above sea level. The town's boundaries encompass part of the ancient Calumet shore lines of Lake Michigan. According to the 2010 census, Griffith has a total area of 7.73 square miles (20.02 km2), all land.
Griffith borders the town of Highland to the west, the city of Hammond to the northwest, the city of Gary to the northeast, the town of Schererville to the south, and unincorporated Calumet Township to the east.
- Griffith Senior High School (9-12)
- Griffith Middle School (7-8)
- Beiriger Elementary School (K-6)
- Ready Elementary School (K-6)
- Wadsworth Elementary School (K-6)
St. Mary Catholic Elementary & Junior High School is in Griffith.
Residents that live in the southeastern section of Griffith that lies within the St. John Township often are serviced by schools that belong to the Lake Central School Corporation.
|Source: US Census Bureau|
As of the census of 2010, there were 16,893 people, 6,668 households, and 4,559 families residing in the town. The population density was 2,185.4 inhabitants per square mile (843.8/km2). There were 7,070 housing units at an average density of 914.6 per square mile (353.1/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 75.8% White, 16.9% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 3.9% from other races, and 2.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13.3% of the population.
There were 6,668 households of which 34.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.6% were married couples living together, 17.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 31.6% were non-families. 26.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.06.
The median age in the town was 36.1 years. 24.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 27.2% were from 25 to 44; 27.3% were from 45 to 64; and 11.2% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 47.6% male and 52.4% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 17,334 people, 6,728 households, and 4,749 families residing in the town. The population density was 2,417.7 people per square mile (933.4/km²). There were 6,990 housing units at an average density of 974.9 per square mile (376.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 84.01% White, 10.11% African American, 0.35% Native American, 0.81% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 2.86% from other races, and 1.83% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.43% of the population.
There were 6,728 households out of which 33.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.3% were married couples living together, 12.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.4% were non-families. 25.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.10.
In the town, the population was spread out with 25.5% under the age of 18, 9.2% from 18 to 24, 31.7% from 25 to 44, 22.7% from 45 to 64, and 10.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.9 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $50,030, and the median income for a family was $57,090. Males had a median income of $44,817 versus $27,036 for females. The per capita income for the town was $21,866. About 2.7% of families and 3.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.9% of those under age 18 and 3.1% of those age 65 or over.
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Gary/Chicago International Airport in Gary is Griffith's nearest commercial airport.
- 05C - Griffith-Merrillville Airport, (generally known locally simply as “Griffith Airport”) is a smaller airport within the boundaries of the Town of Griffith.
The closest Amtrak station is in Whiting, while the closest South Shore Line station is in East Chicago.
Broad Street, the major north/south road through Griffith, used to be designated Indiana State Route 73. It was what has come to be called a "feeder road", connecting US 6 at the north end to US 30 at the southern end, and at the southern end of the downtown area crossed over the six intersecting rail lines' 13 tracks, creating what was known for a time as the busiest railroad crossing in the country. SR 73 was the shortest state route in Indiana, and was the only Indiana state route to exist in only one town. Technically part of it straddled the border between St. John township and Schererville, but since the entire right of way did not reside in either, that part that did lie entirely within the borders of any designated area were only in Griffith, and so the appellation stuck. As the railroad traffic decreased and truck traffic increased US 30 was moved south to its present divided 4 lane route, and the old road became known as "Old US 30", Joliet Road, and SR 330. Also, US 6 was removed from its route along Ridge Road at the northern terminus of SR 73 to the Borman Expressway. Its importance diminished and its major connections removed, the Indiana legislature felt that a road that lay entirely within a single town (or at least did not have a portion that sat entirely in another town), should not be provided state funding as its primary source of upkeep. As such, SR 73 was decommissioned as an Indiana state route on September 26, 1969.
- "2017 Public Officials Directory". Lake County Board of Elections and Voter's Registration. Retrieved 2014-06-10.
- "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 28, 2017.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-06-09.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-16.
- "Griffith Public Schools". griffithps.schoolwires.net. GPS. Retrieved 18 December 2014.
- "St. Mary School". smgriffith.org. Saint Mary Church and School. Retrieved 18 December 2014.
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