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Griffonia simplicifolia Faguet 1866.jpg
Griffonia simplicifolia
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Cercidoideae
Genus: Griffonia
Type species
Griffonia physocarpa

4; see text

  • Bandeiraea Welw. ex Benth. & Hook.

Griffonia is a genus of flowering plants in the legume family, Fabaceae. It belongs to the subfamily Cercidoideae. Griffonia is known to have a high concentration of 5-HTP in its seeds.[citation needed]


The genus Griffonia was named by Henri Baillon in honour of his friend and fellow physician Marie-Théophile Griffon du Bellay, explorer of Gabon, pioneer in the study of sleeping sickness and also of the African entheogen Iboga, source of the alkaloid ibogaine. [3]


Griffonia comprises the following species:[1][4][5][6][7]


  1. ^ a b The genus Griffonia, as well as the type, G. physocarpa, were first described and published in Adansonia 6: 188. 1865. "Name - !Griffonia Baill". Tropicos. Saint Louis, Missouri: Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved November 14, 2012.
  2. ^ Wunderlin RP (2010). "Reorganization of the Cercideae (Fabaceae: Caesalpinioideae)" (PDF). Phytoneuron. 48: 1–5.
  3. ^ Retrieved at 10.02 on 31/10/20.
  4. ^ "Name - !Griffonia Baill. subordinate taxa". Tropicos. Saint Louis, Missouri: Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved November 14, 2012.
  5. ^ "ILDIS LegumeWeb entry for Griffonia". International Legume Database & Information Service. Cardiff School of Computer Science & Informatics. Retrieved 8 May 2014.
  6. ^ USDA; ARS; National Genetic Resources Program. "GRIN species records of Griffonia". Germplasm Resources Information Network—(GRIN) [Online Database]. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. Retrieved 5 May 2014.
  7. ^ "The Plant List entry for Griffonia". The Plant List. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew and the Missouri Botanical Garden. 2013. Retrieved 5 May 2014.