Grigor Nachovich

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Grigor Nachovich (1845–1920), Bulgarian politician and diplomat

Grigor Dimitrov Nachovich (Bulgarian: Григор Димитров Начович; 3 February 1845 – 4 January 1920) was a Bulgarian politician and diplomat. One of the early leaders of the Conservative Party and the country's first Minister of Finance, he served as a minister in a number of Bulgarian governments (including some formed by liberal parties) from the late 1879 to 1900, and was also mayor of Sofia in 1896–1897.

Nachovich was born in the Danubian town of Svishtov in central northern Bulgaria on 3 February [O.S. 22 January] 1845 to the family of a wealthy Bulgarian merchant. He studied at the Greek-language school in Svishtov, at a French-language college and at economy schools in Paris and Vienna. He graduated in political economy in Paris and returned to Svishtov to work as a merchant. In 1866, he headed the local revolutionary committee aimed at liberating Bulgaria from Ottoman rule.[1][2]

After Filip Totyu's armed detachment invaded Bulgaria in 1867, Nachovich was forced to flee to Bucharest, Romania, fearing government persecution due to his involvement in the revolutionary movement. In Romania, Nachovich co-operated with the Band of Virtues, a Bulgarian expatriate organisation, and financed volunteer participation in the Belgrade-based Second Bulgarian Legion. In 1868, he settled in Vienna. In the capital of Austria–Hungary, he worked at the local branch of his father's trading company. He founded the literary society Progress (Напредък, Napredak) and contributed to various French and German-language newspapers. During the Serbo-Turkish conflict in 1876, Nachovich aided Bulgarian volunteers who assisted the Serbian forces. For the course of the Russo-Turkish War two years later, Nachovich served at the Russian general staff.[1][2]

After the Liberation of Bulgaria in the wake of that war and the establishment of the Principality of Bulgaria, Nachovich became a prominent figure in conservative Bulgarian politics. He was minister of finance in the first ever Bulgarian government headed by Todor Burmov as well as three years later (1879 and 1882–1883), minister of external affairs and religion (1879–1880), assistant-mayor of the capital Sofia (1880–1881), minister of internal affairs (1882), and member of the State Council during Prince Alexander Battenberg's personal régime (1881–1883). As the regime ended, Nachovich also headed the ministry of finance during Dragan Tsankov's coalition government (1883–1884). In 1882, he became a correspondent member of what is today the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences; in 1884, he became a full member.[1]

In 1884, Nachovich was appointed Bulgaria's diplomatic representative in Bucharest, Romania, a post he formally held until 1889. After Prince Alexander's dethronement in 1886, Nachovich returned to the country to serve as minister of finance in several gonvernments from 1886 to 1888. From 1889 to 1891, Nachovich represented Bulgaria in Vienna, Austria–Hungary, only to return to Bulgaria as a minister of finance and minister of internal affairs (1891–1892 and 1894–1896), mayor of Sofia (1896–1897) and minister of commerce and agriculture (1899–1900). From 1903 to 1906, Nachovich was Bulgarian diplomatic representative in Istanbul (Tsarigrad), Ottoman Empire. In 1913, he took part in the Treaty of London negotiations during the Balkan Wars.[2]

Grigor Nachovich died in Sofia on 4 January 1920, aged 74.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Ташев, Ташо (1999). Министрите на България 1879-1999. София: АИ „Проф. Марин Дринов“ / Изд. на МО. ISBN 978-954-430-603-8 / ISBN 954-430-603-X. 
  2. ^ a b c Бакалов, Георги; Милен Куманов (2003). "НАЧОВИЧ , Григор Димитров (22.I.1845–4.I.1920)". Електронно издание "История на България" (in Bulgarian). София: Труд, Сирма. ISBN 954528613X. 
Political offices
Preceded by
vacant
Minister of Finance
17 July 1879 – 7 April 1880
Succeeded by
Petko Karavelov
Preceded by
Marko Balabanov
Minister of External Affairs and Religion
6 December 1879 – 7 April 1880
Succeeded by
Dragan Tsankov
Preceded by
Arnold Remlingen
Minister of Internal Affairs
12 January 1882 – 5 July 1882
Succeeded by
Leonid Sobolev
Preceded by
Georgi Zhelyazkovich
Minister of Finance
5 July 1882 – 15 March 1883
Succeeded by
Leonid Sobolev
Preceded by
Leonid Sobolev
Minister of Public Buildings, Agriculture and Commerce
interim

26 January 1883 – 15 March 1883
Succeeded by
Mihail Hilkov
Preceded by
Todor Burmov
Minister of Finance
19 September 1883 – 12 January 1884
Succeeded by
Mihail Sarafov
Preceded by
Konstantin Stoilov
Minister of External Affairs and Religion
28 August 1886 – 1 September 1887
Succeeded by
Georgi Stranski
Preceded by
Ivan Evstratiev Geshov
Minister of Finance
interim

28 August 1886 – 7 September 1886
Succeeded by
Ivan Evstratiev Geshov
Preceded by
Konstantin Stoilov
Minister of Finance
1 September 1887 – 24 December 1888
Succeeded by
Ivan Salabashev
Preceded by
Hristo Belchev
Minister of Finance
31 March 1891 – 30 November 1892
Succeeded by
Ivan Salabashev
Preceded by
Dimitar Grekov
Minister of External Affairs and Religion
31 May 1894 – 22 February 1896
Succeeded by
Dimitar Grekov
Preceded by
Dimitar Petkov
Minister of Public Buildings, Roads and Communications
interim

31 May 1894 – 29 September 1894
Succeeded by
Konstantin Velichkov
Preceded by
Ivan Evstratiev Geshov
Minister of Commerce and Agriculture
22 February 1896 – 12 January 1897
Succeeded by
Ivan Evstratiev Geshov
Preceded by
Dimitar Mollov
Mayor of Sofia
1 October 1896 – 7 April 1897
Succeeded by
Dimitar Yablanski
Preceded by
Nayden Benev
Minister of Commerce and Agriculture
30 January 1899 – 21 September 1900
Succeeded by
Yov Titorov