Kreshchenovka, Kherson Oblast, Ukrainian SSR
|Alma mater||Lviv University|
|Notable awards||Reporters Without Borders Human Rights Award, 2002|
Grigory Mikhailovich Pasko (Григо́рий Миха́йлович Пасько, born 1962, Kreshchenovka, Ukraine) is a Russian journalist, former officer of the Russian Navy, Amnesty International-designated prisoner of conscience, and founding editor of Ecology and Law, an environmental and citizens' rights magazine.
Pasko was born in the village of Kreshchenovka, Kherson Oblast, currently Ukraine, to a teacher's family. He graduated from the journalism department of Lviv University in 1983, and worked as an investigative journalist and editor for Boyevaya Vakhta (Battle Watch), the in-house newspaper of the Russian Pacific Fleet. He worked with Japanese journalists from the NHK TV network and the Asahi Shimbun national daily newspaper. He had disclosed the dumping of nuclear waste by the Russian Navy in the Sea of Japan in 1993.
Prisoner of conscience
In November 1997, Pasko was arrested by Russian Federal Security Service agents in Vladivostok. He was accused of espionage for his publications on environmental problems in the Japanese sea, but initially found not guilty, because of the lack of evidence. Due to the efforts of his attorneys, including Ivan Pavlov, Pasko was convicted only for two points of accusation (from sixty). He was found guilty of “abuse of his official position”, but released immediately under a general amnesty.
After several re-trials, the Court of the Pacific Fleet ultimately acquitted Pasko on all counts except espionage, sentencing him to four years of imprisonment for treason on December 25, 2001. He was recognized as a prisoner of conscience by Amnesty International.
Complaints to the European Court
|“||The Court first noted that both pieces of law on which the domestic courts had based their findings, namely the federal law State Secret Act (the Act) of 1993 listing categories of information that may be classified as secret and a Presidential Decree (the Decree) of 1995 listing information classified as secret with sufficient precision, had been in force during the period of the events, had been publicly available and thus enabling Mr Pasko to foresee the consequences of his actions.||”|
The court also observed that "as a serving military officer, the applicant had been bound by an obligation of discretion in relation to anything concerning the performance of his duties".
Finally, the European court found that "The domestic courts’ decisions appeared reasoned and well-founded. There had been nothing in the materials of the case to support the applicant’s allegations that his conviction had been overly broad or politically motivated or that he had been sanctioned for any of his publications."
His appeal was rejected in May 2010.
- "spiritoffreedom.org.uk". spiritoffreedom.org.uk. Retrieved 2012-12-05.
- Pasko page in the Sakharov center (Moscow)
- Grigory Pasko, a prisoner of conscience
- "Amnesty International | Working to Protect Human Rights". Web.amnesty.org. Retrieved 2012-12-05.
- "Grigory Pasko receives international passport". Bellona. Retrieved 2012-12-05.
- "Подробная информация :: Федеральная Служба Безопасности". Fsb.ru. 1993-07-21. Retrieved 2012-12-05.
- Press release issued by the Registrar/ Chamber judgment/ Pasko v. Russia (application no. 69519/01).
- Сергеев, Николай (May 27, 2010). "Евросуд отказал Григорию Пасько". Kommersant.
- Reporters Without Borders. Accessed: June 26, 2012.
- Ecology and Law – information about the magazine (in Russian)
- Articles by Pasko, RobertAmsterdam.com
- His biography on the web page of the Russian P.E.N.
- Case of Pasko
- ECHR judgment in Pasko case, 10 May 2010