Grim Sleeper

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Grim Sleeper
Lonnie David Franklin (Grim Sleeper).png
LAPD mug shot 1998
Born
Lonnie David Franklin Jr.

(1952-08-30) August 30, 1952 (age 66)
Other namesGrim Sleeper
Southside Slayer
Children2
Criminal penaltyDeath
Details
Victims10-25+ victims, 1 survivor (known)
Span of crimes
1985–2007 (known murders)
CountryUnited States
State(s)California
Date apprehended
2010

Grim Sleeper is the nickname[1][2] for convicted serial killer Lonnie David Franklin Jr.,[3] responsible for at least ten murders and one attempted murder in Los Angeles, California. The attacker was dubbed the "Grim Sleeper" because he appeared to have taken a 14-year break from his crimes, from 1988 to 2002.[4] In July 2010, Franklin was arrested as a suspect, and, after many delays, his trial began in February 2016. On May 5, 2016, the jury convicted him of killing nine women and one teenage girl.[5][6] On June 6, 2016, the jury recommended the death penalty,[7] and on August 10, 2016, Los Angeles Superior Court sentenced him to death for each of the ten victims named in the verdict.[8]

Personal life[edit]

Lonnie Franklin, Jr. was born on August 30, 1952. He grew up in South Central Los Angeles, California. He married and had two children. He was given a general discharge from the United States Army on July 24, 1975.[9][10]

Franklin's criminal record dates back to 1989. He was convicted of two charges of theft, one charge of misdemeanor assault, and one charge of battery. He served time for one of the theft charges.[11]

Investigation[edit]

In the 1980s, the LAPD marked the deaths of several women in South Los Angeles with the identification “NHI”, meaning No Humans Involved - which was used for cases involving chronic drug users and prostitutes. Margaret Prescod formed the "Black Women Count" movement with community members to pressure the LAPD into acknowledging the deaths as serial killings and forming a task force in response. The coalition launched a media campaign and set a monetary reward aiming to capture the killer. The joint LAPD-Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department investigation determined that the crimes were committed by a single person labeled the "Southside Slayer". Their results were announced to the public on September 23, 1985.[12]

According to investigators, evidence was found suggesting that several serial killers were murdering women in South Los Angeles. Louis Craine committed at least two of the "Southside Slayer" murders, and Michael Hughes, Daniel Lee Siebert, Chester Turner, and Ivan Hill committed at least one each.[13] A separate series of killings commenced with the murder of Debra Jackson and a different modus operandi involving a firearm.[12] These became known, misleadingly, as the "Strawberry Murders." Sheriff's Detective Rickey Ross was wrongfully arrested due to a ballistics error. Two decades later, the perpetrator of these crimes was dubbed the "Grim Sleeper" due to the long period of apparent inactivity between murders.[14]

In May 2007, the slaying of Janecia Peters, 25, was linked through DNA analysis to at least eleven unsolved murders in Los Angeles, the first of which occurred in 1985. This same year, in secrecy, the LAPD formed the "800 Task Force," composed of six detectives and overseen by the Robbery-Homicide Unit. After a four-month investigation, LA Weekly investigative reporter Christine Pelisek broke the news of the task force's existence, the link between Peters' killing and the earlier murders, and the silence of Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa and Police Chief William J. Bratton regarding the killer's existence. Villaraigosa and Bratton neither issued a press release nor warned the community. In some cases, LA Weekly was the first to inform the families that their daughters had long been confirmed as victims of a serial killer.[1]

In early September 2008, Los Angeles officials announced that they were offering a $500,000 reward to help catch the killer.[2] On November 1, the case was featured on the Fox program America's Most Wanted.[15] On February 25, 2009, Bratton addressed the press for the first time regarding the case, at which time the police formally gave the killer the "Grim Sleeper" nickname chosen by LA Weekly. Bratton also released a 9-1-1 call from the 1980s in which a man reported seeing a body being dumped by the Grim Sleeper, giving a detailed description and license plate number of a van connected with the now-closed Cosmopolitan Church.[16] In March 2009, Pelisek conducted an extensive interview with Enietra Washington, the sole survivor of the Grim Sleeper's attacks.[17][18] Washington described him as "a black man in his early 30s...He looked neat. Tidy. Kind of geeky. He wore a black polo shirt tucked into khaki trousers." She also described the interior and exterior of his vehicle.[19]

Arrest[edit]

On July 7, 2010, the Los Angeles Times reported that an arrest had been made. Los Angeles District Attorney Steve Cooley identified the suspect as 57-year-old Lonnie David Franklin Jr., a mechanic who worked between 1981 and 1988 for the City of Los Angeles in the sanitation department and briefly for the LAPD.[4] Franklin was identified for arrest, at least in part, on familial DNA analysis.[20]

Police had found no exact match between DNA found at the crime scenes and any of the profiles in California's DNA profile database, so they searched the database for stored profiles that demonstrated sufficient similarity to allow police to infer a familial relationship. They found similar DNA belonging to Franklin's son, Christopher, who had been convicted of a felony weapons charge. According to Cooley, detectives then used a piece of discarded pizza with Franklin's DNA to make the link. One undercover police officer pretended to be a waiter at a restaurant where Franklin ate, collecting dishes, silverware, glasses, and pizza crusts to obtain DNA.[21] The identification was used to arrest Franklin after his DNA was obtained and deemed a match.[22] Saliva found on the victims established a DNA match linking Franklin to the deaths.[11]

Law enforcement missed an opportunity to catch Franklin because his DNA was never collected. In 2003, Franklin was convicted of a felony and was serving three years of supervised probation. In 2004, voters passed Proposition 69, which requires that DNA must be collected from all felons and everyone arrested on some specified charges. It also requires the expansion of the DNA database. Authorities collected and sorted through thousands of DNA samples. While he was on probation, Franklin's DNA was supposed to be entered in the system, but was not as probation officers did not collect samples from people who were on unsupervised probation between November 2004 and August 2005. The probation department did not have the resources to collect samples until August 2005.[23]

On December 16, 2010, the LAPD released 180 photos of women found in Franklin's home after unsuccessful attempts to identify the individuals, possibly additional victims. "These people are not suspects, we don't even know if they are victims, but we do know this: Lonnie Franklin's reign of terror in the city of Los Angeles, which spanned well over two decades, culminating with almost a dozen murder victims, certainly needs to be investigated further," said Police Chief Charlie Beck. In all, investigators found over 1,000 photos and several hundred hours of video in his home.[24] The images show mainly black women of a wide age range, from teenagers to middle-aged and older, often nude. Police believe Franklin took many of the pictures, which show both conscious and unconscious individuals, dating back 30 years.[24] The photos were released to the public in an effort to identify the women.[25][26]

On November 3, 2011, Reuters reported that the police were considering Franklin as a suspect in six more slayings of additional female victims. The police were investigating two of the six as potential victims killed during a 14-year lapse between an initial spate of Grim Sleeper murders that ended in 1988 and several more that began in 2002. Of the remaining four victims, two bodies were discovered in the 1980s and two were reported missing in 2005 but the remains of the other two were never found, police said. Detectives said they linked Franklin to the six additional killings after reviewing hundreds of old case files and seeking the public's help in identifying a collection of 180 photographs of women and girls that were found in his possession.[27][28][29]

Franklin was charged with ten murders and one attempted murder. He was held without bail until he received his death sentence.[30] He is not charged in the death of an eleventh suspected victim, a black man, a crime for which DNA evidence was not found.[21] On May 5, 2016, after nearly three months of trial and a day and a half of jury deliberation, Franklin was convicted of ten counts of murder and one count of attempted murder.[31][32] On June 6, 2016, a Los Angeles County jury sentenced Franklin to death.[33]

Victims[edit]

The known killings began in 1985 in South Los Angeles. The "Grim Sleeper" apparently took a 14-year hiatus after his last known crime in 1988 and the murders then resumed in 2002 (leading to the epithet by which he is known), but this history may be only an accident of the evidence collected. The last confirmed slaying was in January 2007.[11] All of his victims were found outdoors, often in alleys a short distance from downtown Los Angeles.[34]

All but one of his victims were black women. One of his suspected victims was a black man.[30] Many of his victims were prostitutes. One witness recalls that Franklin frequently brought prostitutes into his home. He shot all of his victims with a .25 caliber gun.[11] Franklin took many photographs of nude women and kept the records in his garage.[35]

The Grim Sleeper's victims are as follows:[36][37]

Number Name Sex Age Body found Neighborhood
1 Debra Jackson F 29 August 10, 1985 Vermont-Slauson, Los Angeles
2 Henrietta Wright F 34 August 12, 1986 Hyde Park, Los Angeles
3 Thomas Steele M 36 August 14, 1986 Harvard Park, Los Angeles
4 Barbara Ware F 23 January 10, 1987 Central-Alameda, Los Angeles
5 Bernita Sparks F 26 April 15, 1987 Gramercy Park, Los Angeles
6 Mary Lowe F 26 November 1, 1987 Gramercy Park, Los Angeles
7 Lachrica Jefferson F 22 January 30, 1988 Westmont, Los Angeles County
8 Alice "Monique" Alexander F 18 September 11, 1988 Vermont Square, Los Angeles
9 Enietra "Margette" Washington‡‡ F 30 Survived Gramercy Park, Los Angeles
10 Princess Berthomieux F 15 March 19, 2002 Inglewood, California
11 Valerie McCorvey F 35 July 11, 2003 Westmont, Los Angeles County
12 Janecia Peters F 25 January 1, 2007 Gramercy Park, Los Angeles

One of the Grim Sleeper's suspected victims, although there is no DNA evidence to support the accusation.[21] Police said that the male victim, Thomas Steele, possibly was a friend of another victim or had discovered the killer's identity.[34]
‡‡ Enietra "Margette" was told to use her middle name as her last name for her protection, but has since come forward as Enietra Margette Washington. Attacked on November 20, 1988, she is the only known survivor.[1]

Trial[edit]

On July 7, 2010, Lonnie David Franklin Jr., 57, was arrested. The Los Angeles County District Attorney's Office charged him with ten counts of murder, one count of attempted murder, and special circumstance allegations of multiple murders in the case.[22][38]

After a lengthy pretrial discovery[39] and several delays, the trial opened on February 16, 2016.[40][41][42][43][44][45][46][47] Closing arguments began May 2, 2016[48] and the jury began deliberating May 4, 2016.[49] The jury convicted Franklin on all counts on May 5, 2016.[50] On June 6, 2016, the jury rendered a verdict of death.[51] On August 10 the Superior Court sentenced Franklin on each count, naming the individual victims.[8]

Film[edit]

In 2014, British filmmaker Nick Broomfield created a documentary film about this serial killer, Tales of the Grim Sleeper.[52]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Christine Pelisek, Grim Sleeper Returns: He's Murdering Angelenos, as Cops Hunt his DNA, LA Weekly, August 28, 2008
  2. ^ a b Grim Sleeper Serial Killer Hunted Archived 2016-06-10 at the Wayback Machine., SkyNews Report
  3. ^ "Man Found Guilty For All 10 'Grim Sleeper' Killings Of Women". The Huffington Post. 2016-05-05. Retrieved 2016-05-05.
  4. ^ a b "Arrest in 'Grim Sleeper' killings of ten women, man". MSNBC. Retrieved 2010-07-08.
  5. ^ CNN, Scott Glover and Paul Vercammen. "Jury convicts 'Grim Sleeper' of 10 murders". CNN. Retrieved 2016-05-05.
  6. ^ "Trial Begins for Accused 'Grim Sleeper' Serial Killer". ABC News. 2016-02-17. Retrieved 2016-05-05.
  7. ^ Times, Los Angeles. "Jurors vote for death sentence for 'Grim Sleeper' serial killer". latimes.com. Retrieved 2016-06-06.
  8. ^ a b Gerber, Marisa; Queally, James (10 August 2016). "The 'Grim Sleeper' is sentenced to death for string of murders". latimes.com. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2016-08-10.
  9. ^ Pelisek, Christine (14 March 2014). "Accused Grim Sleeper Lonnie Franklin Jr. Is the Ringmaster of His Own Murder Trial". LA Weekly. Retrieved 2016-06-06.
  10. ^ url= http://www.people.com/article/grim-sleeper-serial-killer-lonnie-franklin-sentenced
  11. ^ a b c d "New Technique of Using Family's DNA Led Police to 'Grim Sleeper' Suspect". ABC News. 2010-07-08. Retrieved 2010-07-23.
  12. ^ a b Jones, Jack (24 September 1985). "Man Sought in Slayings of 10 L.A.-Area Prostitutes". Los Angeles Times.
  13. ^ "Map: Serial Killers in South L.A." Los Angeles Times. 3 August 2010.
  14. ^ Jill Stewart (2010-07-15). "Missing the Grim Sleeper by a Hair". LA Weekly. Retrieved 2010-12-18.
  15. ^ "Most Wanted fugitives website (defunct)". America's Most Wanted. Archived from the original on 2012-10-22. Retrieved 2015-02-20.[full citation needed]
  16. ^ Pelisek, Christine (2009-02-25). "Tape May Hold Clue to Identifying Grim Sleeper Serial Killer – Los Angeles News – The Informer". Blogs.laweekly.com. Retrieved 2010-07-08.
  17. ^ Christine Pelisek (2008-08-28). "Grim Sleeper Returns: He's Murdering Angelenos, as Cops Hunt his DNA". LA Weekly. Retrieved 2010-07-08.
  18. ^ Christine Pelisek (2009-03-12). "Grim Sleeper's Sole Survivor". LA Weekly. Retrieved 2010-07-08.
  19. ^ Christine Pelisek (2009-03-12). "Grim Sleeper's Sole Survivor". LA Weekly. Retrieved 2010-07-08.
  20. ^ "LAPD make arrest in Grim Sleeper serial killings". Latimesblogs.latimes.com. 2010-07-07. Retrieved 2010-07-08.
  21. ^ a b c "LA 'Grim Sleeper' Probe to Check Unsolved Killings". Yahoo! News. 2010-07-09. Retrieved 2010-07-23.
  22. ^ a b Simon, Mallory (2010-07-08). "Police Suspect in Los Angeles Grim Sleeper case to be arraigned". CNN.com. Retrieved 2010-07-08.
  23. ^ Leonard, Jack (2010-07-15). "Authorities Missed A Chance to Catch Grim Sleeper Suspect". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2010-07-23.
  24. ^ a b Whitcomb, Dan (2010-12-16). "L.A. police release photos of possible Grim Sleeper victims". Reuters. Retrieved 2010-12-18.
  25. ^ Hayes, Kevin. ""Grim Sleeper" Photos: LAPD Deluged with Calls - Crimesider". CBS News. Retrieved 2010-12-18.
  26. ^ "Five Women Tentatively Identified in 'Grim Sleeper' Cas - ABC News". Abcnews.go.com. Retrieved 2010-12-18.
  27. ^ Kandel, Jason (3 November 2011). "Police tie "Grim Sleeper" suspect to six more killings". Reuters.
  28. ^ Rubin, Joel (29 October 2011). "Police link 6 more slayings to Grim Sleeper suspect". Los Angeles Times.
  29. ^ Olivia, Katrandjian; Lauren Effron; Lauren Sher; Neal Karlinsky (29 October 2011). "Six More Deaths Linked to Grim Sleeper Serial Killer". abc NIGHTLINE. abc NEWS.
  30. ^ a b Blankstein, Andrew; Rubin, Joel (2010-07-16). "Police Collect Hundreds of Pieces of Evidence from Grim Sleeper Suspect's Home". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2010-07-23.
  31. ^ "Lonnie Franklin Jr. found guilty in 'Grim Sleeper' case". ABC7 Los Angeles. Retrieved 2016-05-05.
  32. ^ Times, Los Angeles. "Guilty verdicts in Grim Sleeper serial killer case". latimes.com. Retrieved 2016-05-05.
  33. ^ Gerber, James Queally, Marisa. "Jurors vote for death sentence for 'Grim Sleeper' serial killer".
  34. ^ a b "Arrest Made in L.A. 'Grim Sleeper' Killings". FOX News. 2010-07-07. Retrieved 2010-07-23.
  35. ^ "Accused LA Serial Killer Said to Visit Prostitutes". Yahoo! News. 2010-07-08. Retrieved 2010-07-23.[dead link]
  36. ^ "'Grim Sleeper' Timeline". grimsleeper.wordpress.com. Retrieved 2014-03-25.
  37. ^ Hailey Branson-Potts, "Grim Sleeper Victims: Who They Were," Los Angeles Times, February 16, 2016
  38. ^ The Associated Press (2010-07-07). "Police make arrest in 'Grim Sleeper' killings". msnbc.com. Retrieved 2010-07-07.
  39. ^ Grim Sleeper's Defense Attorney Asks To Photograph Nearly 900 Pieces Of Evidence, CBS Los Angeles (December 2, 2013)
  40. ^ MELLEY, BRIAN (6 February 2015). "Judge sets June trial date in 'Grim Sleeper' serial killings".
  41. ^ Trial delayed in 'Grim Sleeper' serial killings case, Marisa Gerber, Los Angeles Times (22 May 2015)
  42. ^ Judge Postpones Trial Date In Grim Sleeper Killings, CBS Los Angeles (17 August 2015).
  43. ^ Grim Sleeper Trial Delayed Yet Again as Antics Continue, LA Weekly (17 August 2015).
  44. ^ Grim Sleeper serial killings: Repeatedly delayed trial is set for Oct. 14, Los Angeles Times (17 August 2015).
  45. ^ 'Grim Sleeper' serial killings trial delayed again, Los Angeles Times (18 September 2015).
  46. ^ Grim Sleeper serial killer trial begins, years after slayings terrorized South L.A., Los Angeles Times (16 February 2016)
  47. ^ 'Day of reckoning is here': Grim Sleeper murder trial begins in Los Angeles, The Guardian (17 February 2016)
  48. ^ Closing Arguments Begin In 'Grim Sleeper' Trial, CBS Los Angeles (2 May 2016)
  49. ^ Jury Begins Deliberating Case Of Accused 'Grim Sleeper' Killer, CBS Los Angeles (4 May 2016).
  50. ^ Los Angeles jury convicts 'Grim Sleeper' of 10 murders CNN (5 May 2016)
  51. ^ 'Grim Sleeper', convicted serial killer Lonnie Franklin Jr., sentenced to death ABC7 Los Angeles (6 June 2016)
  52. ^ "Overlooked by authorities in America, a British filmmaker tackles the Grim Sleeper", Toronto Star, 25 April 2014, WD5.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]