Grimsley High School
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|Grimsley Senior High School|
Grimsley High School, September 2012
801 Westover Terrace
North Carolina 27408
|Motto||"Expect and Demonstrate Excellence Every Day"|
|School district||Guilford County Schools Since 1993; Formerly Greensboro Public Schools (1899–1993)|
|Color(s)||Navy Blue & White (1951); Purple & Gold (1909–10)|
|Mascot||Whirlies (1941); Purple Whirlwinds (1921-1941)|
|Rival||Page High School|
|National ranking||132 (2015)|
|Website||Grimsley Senior High School|
Greensboro Senior High School
|Area||58 acres (23 ha)|
|Architect||Hartmann, Charles C.; Heritage, Thomas P.; et.al.|
|Architectural style||Late 19th And 20th Century Revivals, Modern Movement|
|NRHP reference #||05000957|
|Added to NRHP||September 7, 2005|
Grimsley Senior High School, also known as Grimsley High School or simply Grimsley, is a public high school in Greensboro, North Carolina. Formerly known as "Greensboro High School," "Greensboro Central High School," and then "Greensboro Senior High School," it is part of the Guilford County Schools system. The school has an enrollment of around 1,800 students in grades 9–12 (the 9th grade was added to GHS in 1986). Grimsley has a reputation for strong academics, having been ranked in the top 100 in the nation by Newsweek 4 out of the past 6 years.
The school's colors are navy blue and white, and its teams are known as the "Whirlies" (originally the "Purple Whirlwind") depicted with a tornado-like symbol.
The school campus was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2005.
Established in 1899, Grimsley is the oldest institution of public secondary education in Greensboro and one of the oldest high schools in the state. (Asheville High School, Cary High School, Concord High School, High Point Central High School, and New Hanover High School in Wilmington are all older.)
GHS was founded in 1899 as Greensboro High School; it became Greensboro Central High School in 1911 and Greensboro Senior High School in 1929 (when it moved to its current campus, after previously having had two locations in downtown Greensboro). In 1962, against the wishes of the school, it was renamed Grimsley Senior High School in honor of George Adonijah Grimsley, the superintendent of Greensboro's schools (1890–1902) who fostered the creation of GHS in 1899.
Upon its creation in the fall of 1899, Greensboro High School was located on North Forbis Street in the former St. Anne Catholic Church building, on part of the site of the current Greensboro Public Library, behind the Greensboro Historical Museum. By 1910, this building was outgrown, so for one year (1910–1911) GHS was moved next door to the Lindsay Street Grammar School. In the fall of 1911, the school moved to the site of today's Weaver Academy, where it became Greensboro Central High School, and where it remained until 1929. In the fall of 1929, GHS moved to its current Westover Terrace location, when it became Greensboro Senior High School. See "facilities" section below for a description of the current campus.
In 1902, Greensboro High School established the first school library and book rental system in the state. 10th grade was also added that year (previously 9th grade was the highest grade).
In 1911, after the move to Spring Street, 11th grade was added.
In 1934, as part of the New Deal's Civil Works Administration (CWA), two large murals were painted in the GHS auditorium by Raleigh artist James A. McLean: "Energy" and "Education."
The school's original colors were purple and gold (circa 1909–10). Because of increasing difficulty in finding matching shades of purple for athletic and band uniforms, the colors were changed—by vote of the student body in March 1951—to navy blue and white.
The mascot was originally the "Purple Whirlwind," adopted in 1921. Local papers, in an attempt to have variety when referring to GHS's teams (and to save space in headlines) came up with the name "Whirlies" in 1941. (Other variations of "Purple Whirlwinds" had been used back to the 1930s.) The name "Whirlies" caught on quickly and was used interchangeably with "Purple Whirlwinds" until the color change in 1951, leaving the original mascot name as "Whirlwinds." Since the late 1950s, "Whirlies" has been used almost exclusively.
While the whirlwind was the mascot beginning in 1921, in 1956—and originating as the theme of the Whirligig yearbook that year—the Whirlibird mascot appeared, becoming instantly popular. It became the main mascot for the school, lasting until the early 1980s, when the whirlwind re-emerged as GHS's mascot.
Grimsley's alma mater was composed and written by Herbert Hazelman in 1949. Mr. Hazelman was the Greensboro Senior High Band Director for 40 years. The music building is now named in his honor.
In 1958, Josephine Boyd became the first black student to graduate from Greensboro Senior High School. GHS was the first formerly all-white high school in the state of North Carolina to have an African-American to graduate.
On January 16, 1962, Greensboro Senior High School changed its name to Grimsley Senior High School after principal A.P. Routh received a surprise phone call from a Greensboro City Schools official informing the school that the school board was going to change the name of the high school that night, and they had three hours to choose a new name or the school board would choose for them. Routh and the staff chose Grimsley because there was a strong desire to keep the school GHS, and George A. Grimsley was the superintendent of Greensboro City Schools when Greensboro Senior was first established in 1899.
Advanced Placement (AP) classes were first offered at Grimsley in 1966. In the fall of 1995, Grimsley became the first school in Guilford County and only the fourth school in North Carolina to offer the International Baccalaureate (IB) Diploma Programme.
In 2013, Grimsley had the graduation of a fifth generation Grimsley student which became statewide news due to its rarity for a public school.
Grimsley has always been known for its strong academic focus. The Advanced Placement (AP) program was introduced at Grimsley in 1966 with the introduction of AP European History (1966-2014), followed by AP English in 1968. Today AP classes are offered at GHS in 19 different subjects. In 1995, the International Baccalaureate (IB) program was instituted at Grimsley, after two years of preparation by the school under Principal Tom Penland. Grimsley was only the fourth high school in North Carolina, and the first outside Charlotte, to offer the IB program.
Aside from the AP and IB programs, a College Preparatory program and a careers program that includes a Health Careers track are offered. The school is an avid contender in academic competitions such as High IQ, Science Olympiad, robotics, and FIRST.
Grimsley has above average national passing rates for nearly every, if not every, AP test offered at the school. Leading the way is Calculus BC, which sometimes has a passing rate of 100%, taught by Roberta Rohan '82 who was honored with the Siemens Award for Advanced Placement in 2010. She was one of 50 teachers nationwide and the only teacher from North Carolina to receive the award. Also, legendary AP U.S. History teacher, Larry Williamson, maintained a very impressive average of over 70% AP passage rate in 34 years of teaching the subject at Grimsley (1984-2018), compared to the national average of around 52% passage.
Brief History of the Mathematics Department at Grimsley: One of the real innovators of math at Grimsley was Miss Ida Belle Moore, the long-time head of the math department, and teacher at Grimsley for 46 years, from 1923–69, (the longest serving Grimsley faculty member). Her portrait hangs outside of the auditorium in first floor main, and a math award is named in her honor. A year before Miss Moore retired, another long-time math teacher showed up, Mr. Larry Saunders, who said in the 1969 Grimsley Yearbook that he "wishes he could teach for 75 years." He ended up teaching at Grimsley for an impressive 28 years, from 1968-1996. A math award is also named in his honor. In the late 1970s, Ms. Roe was the head of the math department.
Brief History of the Band Program at Grimsley: In the fall of 1936, Mr. Herbert Hazelman and Raymond Brietz reactivated the band program, as it had been cut due to the depression. Forty-two years later, in 1978, Mr. Hazelman retired, as one of the most respected band directors in the country, having taken his band to play at halftime during an NFL game (1956, Washington Redskins), as well as play for a sitting president (1972, Richard Nixon). Mr. Hazelman also wrote Grimsley's alma mater in 1950. After Hazelman's retirement, Mr. Sampson took over as concert band director. During a good portion of the 1980s and 90s, Mr. Edgar Rooker (who was the director of the marching band during the latter part of Hazelman's time at Grimsley) and Mr. Forest Munden, headed Grimsley's band. An assistant band director during that time, from 1988-1992, Dr. Stefan Stuber, took over as head band director in 1999, after Mr. Munden's retirement, and is currently the director.
The Westover Terrace GHS campus, which opened in 1929, is unusual in that it is made up of multiple buildings (a conscious decision of the school board in the late 1920s), rather than just one all-encompassing building. The Main Building, Old Science Building, and Cafeteria Building—three of six originally proposed structures—were built in 1929. The cost of living had risen so much in the late 1920s that the other three could not be built at that time; the onset of the Great Depression—soon after the new campus opened—further delayed expansion of the campus.
As of 2015, Grimsley's campus has 11 separate buildings, consisting of the Main building (1929), which has offices and classrooms on the first floor, classrooms on the second and third floors, and the 1500+ seat John Barnes Chance-M. Thomas Cousins Auditorium. The Old Science Building (1929) has two stories of classrooms. Immediately behind it is the one-story New Science building (1975). There is a two-story Home Economics Building (1956). The one-story Library Building (1967/expanded 2003) has two classrooms as well as the GHS library. The Old Cafeteria Building (1929) has classrooms on the first and second floor currently. Before 2014, the cafeteria building housed the school lunch room. The two-story Herbert R. Hazelman Music Building (1956, named 2004) contains the band, orchestra, and choir rooms, plus numerous practice rooms and two classrooms. The Vocational Building (1942) has two stories of classrooms. Plans were complete in 2011 for a new Cafeteria Building (authorized by a bond vote in 2008), to be constructed behind and between the Home Economics and New Science buildings. The New Cafeteria building was complete by the beginning of the 2013–2014 school year.
Across the service road, "Campus Drive," from the academic buildings are GHS's athletic facilities. The Robert R. Sawyer '55 Gym (1954, originally the "Boys' Gym," then the "Main Gym", named in 2000) was the largest high school gym in North Carolina when built, and was architecturally significant because it had the largest unsupported concrete beams ever built in an American building when it was new. The Auxiliary Gym (1939, originally the "Girls' Gym") has a basketball court, a weight-training facility, and a classroom. Connected to the Sawyer Gym is the John Gordon Dewey '71 Memorial Swimming Pool, which opened in 1976 but became defunct in December 2011 after a large storm uprooted part of the roof. Behind the Sawyer Gym and Dewey Pool are eight tennis courts (1975), a practice field, and the Softball Field (1980s). Across Campus Drive are the other athletic facilities, the Robert B. Jamieson Football Stadium (1949, named in 1975), which included a track (1958–2012) and the Sigmund Selig Pearl Memorial Field House (1950), and beyond the football stadium, the Willie Young/Lewis McCall Memorial Baseball Field (1953, named in 1974 and 2007), and the Cross Country trail (1962). The 2008 bond referendum, besides authorizing a new cafeteria for Grimsley, also includes money for a major overhaul of both the Sawyer Gym and Jamieson Stadium, as well as the construction of a new track stadium and a new softball field.
The original wooden covered walkways connecting the various campus buildings were built in the 1930s, and most were replaced (although a few of the originals remain) with two-story brick covered walkways built in 2002–03 (as originally planned in 1929), when the campus was made ADA compliant (and air conditioned), funded by money approved in a bond referendum in 2000. It has been said that the use of hard clay in the set up of walkways in 2002-03 created the infamous "Lake Grimsley" in the front lawn. Lake Grimsley (as students call it) is a large area of standing water that forms when it rains heavily or for a long period of time. The Grove (developed in 1963), a large outdoor social area between the Main and Music buildings is a popular spot for eating lunch and hanging out, although the 2012-13 school year was the final year students were allowed to eat lunch in the grove (with the exception of the rare occasion of a combined lunch), due to the opening of the New Cafeteria. Originally the majority of the Grove was covered with gravel, but it was paved with cement in late 1973. Besides the paved areas, there also is an area with a mulch ground covering, and several large trees which provide shade for many picnic tables.
Grimsley actively encourages students to join some of the many clubs offered. Many of these clubs are started and run by the students themselves. While student-created clubs result in many different clubs that represent a wide area of activities, often these clubs disintegrate after the founder or president leaves.
Clubs currently offered at Grimsley include:
- Speech and Debate Club
- Multicultural Club
- Student Human Relations Commission
- Student Ambassadors
- Hebrew Club
- Latin Club/JCL (Junior Classical League)
- Grimsley Ladies Achieving More (GLAM)
- Chess Club
- Brooks Buddies
- Lunch Buddies
- Bike Club
- Cross Club
- Creative Writing Club
- Table Tennis Club
- Science Olympiad
- FIRST robotics
- Young Life
- Grimsley Dance Club
- Global Citizen Corps
- World Studies
- ICC (Inter-Club Council)
- Amnesty International
- Tri-M Music Honors Society
- National Honor Society - Torchlight Chapter
- National Art Honor Society
- Model United Nations
- Handball Club
- Right Round Record Club
- Spanish Club
- G.E.E.K Club
- T.A.G.S (Teens Active in Greensboro Service)
- French Club
- Ultimate Frisbee Club
- Book Club
- Student Council
- Philosophy Club
- FBLA (Future Business Leaders of America)
- Anime Club
- Dustin's Greenhouse & The Human Experience Club
- Dustin's Greenhouse & Gardening Club
- Film Appreciation Club
- Problem Solvers
- Sierra Club
- Service Learning Ambassadors
- T.A.G.S. Club
- Sailing club
- Flute Ensemble
Grimsley is a 4-A school with a strong athletic program, including sports teams in football, basketball, baseball, tennis, swimming & diving, golf, wrestling, cross country, track & field (both winter and spring), soccer, softball, volleyball, field hockey, and lacrosse. GHS has won more athletic team state championships than any other high school in North Carolina—the first being in football in 1907—as well as many individual state championships. Grimsley has won the NCHSAA 4-A Wachovia Cup (for the most outstanding 4-A athletic program in North Carolina) five times: 1985, 1986, 1987, 1988, and 1990. Grimsley has also been undefeated in men's swimming in dual meets for over a quarter century.
An athletic "boosters program," alumni, and the annual Grimsley-Page football game generate much of the funding for the sports programs at GHS.
Grimsley's Robert B. Jamieson Football Stadium (with a 1/4-mile track until it was removed in 2012) was the largest high school football stadium in North Carolina when it was completed in 1949. Today, it is also the site of soccer and lacrosse games in addition to football. It is home to many local events, including fundraisers, special Olympics, the annual North Carolina Coaches' Association's East-West All-Star Game (the first such game, in 1949, was the first game played in the stadium), and the annual fireworks display for the city on Independence Day until 2010, when it was moved to the newly opened White Oak amphitheater.
Construction of a new outdoor track was completed in the Spring of 2012.
The school has two gymnasiums. The larger Robert R. Sawyer '55 (formerly Boys'/Main) Gym provides facilities for most indoor sports such as basketball, wrestling, and volleyball, while the smaller Auxiliary (formerly Girls') Gym has a basketball court, a weight room, and a classroom.
As with Jamieson Stadium, the Sawyer Gym was the largest high school gym in the state when it opened. From 1976-2015, attached to the Sawyer Gymnasium was the building containing the John Dewey '71 Memorial Pool, which was permanently closed in December 2011 and torn down in August 2015, after it was determined that structural issues and damage was too extensive to save the building.
GHS's tennis courts (1975) are located behind the Sawyer Gym, as is a practice field, and the GHS softball field. The Willie Young-Lewis McCall Baseball Field (1953) is located behind the Jamieson Stadium. The GHS cross country trail (1962) is in the woods behind Kiser Middle School and the football stadium and baseball field.
Historic sports rivalries for GHS over the years have included: Reidsville High School in the 1920s and '30s, High Point Central High School in the late '30s through the early '50s, R. J. Reynolds High School, in Winston-Salem from the mid-'50s to the mid-'60s, and Walter Hines Page Senior High School in Greensboro since the mid-1960s. This rivalry is celebrated every year with a spirit week before the football game, which usually attracts crowds of close to 10,000, the capacity of Jamieson Stadium. The most significant Grimsley-Page football game occurred on November 20, 1987, when Grimsley beat the undefeated and top ranked team in the state at the time (15th in the nation), Page Pirates 10-7 in the state 4-A playoffs, Grimsley's first win over Page since 1971 (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nUYhJscPi7Q). Prior to this game, the average score of a Grimsley-Page game in the 1980s was 44-4. Jamieson Stadium served as the venue for the game every year until 2015, when the game was moved to Page High School's Marion Kirby Stadium.
- Mr. Samuel C. Smith, 1899–1900
- Mr. E. D. Broadhurst, 1900–1901
- Mr. Wiley H. Swift, 1901–1904
- Mr. Walter Clinton Jackson, 1904–1909
- Mr. Albert H. King, 1909–1912
- Mr. J. A. Williams, 1912–1914
- Mr. W. F. Warren, 1914–1916
- Mr. H. Conway Smith, 1916–1917
- Mr. O. A. Hamilton, 1917–1919
- Mr. Daniel R. Price, 1919–Jan. 1921
- Mr. Guy B. Phillips, Jan. 1921–1924
- Mr. Lee H. Edwards, 1924–1925
- Mr. Charles W. Phillips, 1925–1933
- Mr. E. T. McSwain, 1933–Feb. 1934
- Mr. A. P. Routh, Feb. 1934–1969
- Mr. R. L. "Lody" Glenn '40, 1969–1981
- Dr. Bonny Marsh Baur, 1981–1985
- Dr. Michael T. Renn, 1985–1987
- Dr. Julius A. Crowell, 1987–1993
- Mr. Thomas J. Penland, 1993–Aug. 1996
- Mrs. Jane T. Teague, Sept. 1996–2002
- Mr. Robert M. Gasparello, 2002–Oct. 2006
- Mr. John A. Eldridge (interim), Oct. 2006–2007
- Mr. Kevin F. Fleming, 2007–2008
- Miss Anna C. Brady, 2008–2011
- Mr. Gregory Newlin, 2011-Apr. 2014
- Mr. David F. Moody (Acting), Apr. 2014 – June 2014
- Mr. W. Charles Blanchard, 2014–2017
- Dr. Johncarlos Miller, 2017–2018
- Mr. Ged O'Donnell, 2018-present
Longest Serving Faculty
Greensboro Grimsley High School Faculty Who Served Over 25 Years
- Ms. Ida Belle Moore, 1923-1969 (46 years), Her portrait hangs in Main Building
- Ms. Estelle Mitchell, 1925-1970 (45 years)
- Ms. Louise Smith, 1927-1970 (43 years)
- Mr. Robert B. Jamieson, 1933-1975 (42 years), Grimsley Athletic Director 1933-75; Grimsley football stadium named after him; In North Carolina Sports Hall of Fame
- Mr. Herbert Hazelman, 1936-42, 1944-1978 (40 years), Music Building named after him; He wrote the alma mater
- Ms. Nellie D. Blackburn, ~1920-1959 (~39 years)
- Mr. Robert "Bob" R. Sawyer '55, 1961-1999 (38 years), Grimsley Athletic Director 1975-99; Main Gym named after him; In Guilford County Sports Hall of Fame
- Ms. Peggy Ann Joyner, 1954-1991 (37 years)
- Ms. Mary Ellen Blackmon, ~1930-1966 (~36 years)
- Mr. A.P. Routh, 1934-1969 (35 years), His portrait hangs in Main Building; Longest serving Grimsley Principal
- Ms. Grace Alton, 1936-1970 (34 years)
- Ms. Sara Mims, 1936-1970 (34 years)
- Mr. Phil Weaver '65, 1970-2004 (34 years), The court in Main Gym is named after him
- Mr. Larry Williamson, 1984-2018 (34 years)
- Mr. Robert Fredrickson, 1950-1983 (33 years)
- Mr. Stanley "Jabbo" Johnson, ~1930-1962 (~32 years)
- Mr. James R. Decker, 1958-1989 (31 years)
- Mr. James B. Ballance, 1962-1992 (30 years)
- Mr. Joe Franks '78, 1983-2013 (30 years), The field in Jamieson Stadium is named after him
- Mr. Robert Lody Glenn '40, 1951-1981 (30 years), His portrait hangs in Main Building; Grimsley Principal from 1969-1981
- Mr. Durante Griffin, 1977-2007 (30 years)
- Ms. Julia Roe, 1954-1984 (30 years)
- Ms. Lillian Sutton, 1967-1997 (30 years)
- Mr. Richard Whittemore, 1959-1989 (30 years)
- Mr. Richard Zaruba, 1979-2009 (30 years)
- Ms. Suzanne De Simone Weaver, 1987-2016 (29 years)
- Mr. Henry Whitaker, 1963-1992 (29 years)
- Ms. Mildred Herring, 1944-1972 (28 years)
- Mr. Edgar Rooker, 1960-1988 (28 years)
- Mr. Larry W. Saunders, 1968-1996 (28 years)
- Ms. Marta Force, 1973-74, 1978-2004 (27 years)
- Ms. Martha Hundley, 1955-1982 (27 years)
- Mr. William McKinney, 1976-2003 (27 years)
- Ms. Karen Van Buren, 1985-2012 (27 years)
- Ms. Catherine Barnhardt, 1986-2012 (26 years)
- Ms. Dorothy McNairy '24, 1927-34, 1937-1956 (26 years), Became the first Principal of General Greene Elementary School (1956-1971)
- Ms. Virginia Powell, 1947-1973 (26 years), Longest serving Whirligig Yearbook Advisor (1952-1973)
- Ms. Mary Floyce Price Sigmon 1959-1985 (26 years)
- Ms. Lynda Tamblyn, 1966-1992 (26 years)
- Mr. Bert Whisenent, 1969-1995 (26 years)
Other Notable Greensboro Grimsley Faculty
- Mr. J. Kimball Harriman, 1941-1964 (23 years), His portrait hangs at Grimsley
- Ms. Eula Tuttle, 1943-1966 (23 years), Her portrait hangs at Grimsley
- Mr. Jeff Smouse, 1984-1999 (15 years), Grimsley Football Coach
- Ms. Karyn Collie Dickerson 2006-present (Entering 13th year), 2013 North Carolina Teacher of the Year
- Mr. Freebird McKinney 2006-2015 (9 years), 2018 North Carolina Teacher of the Year (While at Williams High School in Burlington)
Longest Serving Active Faculty (20+ Years)
- Mr. Joe Hill, 1995-present (24th year)
- Ms. Roberta Rohan '82, 1995-present (24th year)
- Dr. Stefan Stuber, 1988-91, 1999-present (23rd year)
- Mr. Nathaniel Degraffinreaidt, 1997-present (22nd year)
- Ms. Jennifer Enright '81, 1998-present (21st year)
- Ms. Lynn Rozelman, 1998-present (21st year)
- Ms. Temple Eller, 1999-present (20th year)
Title for Longest Time at Greensboro Grimsley High School
- Ms. Nellie D. Blackburn, Held From ~early 1950s-1959
- Ms. Ida Belle Moore, Held From 1959-1969
- Ms. Estelle Mitchell, Held From 1969-1970
- Mr. Robert Jamieson, Held From 1970-1975
- Mr. Herbert Hazelman, Held From 1975-1978
- Mr. Robert Fredickson, Held From 1978-1983
- Ms. Peggy Ann Joyner & Ms. Julia Roe, Held From 1983-1984
- Ms. Peggy Ann Joyner, Held From 1984-1991
- Mr. Robert Sawyer, Held From 1991-1999
- Mr. Phil Weaver, Held From 1999-2004
- Mr. Durante Griffin, Held From 2004-2007
- Mr. Richard Zaruba, Held From 2007-2009
- Mr. Joe Franks, Held From 2009-2013
- Mr. Larry Williamson, Held From 2013-2018
- Mr. Joe Hill & Ms. Roberta Rohan, Held From 2018-present
- George Preddy '35, World War II European-theater ace flyer
- Horace R. Kornegay '41, member of U.S. House of Representatives, 1961–1969
- Murphy Anderson '42 cartoonist
- Harold "Skinny" Brown '42, MLB baseball player, Baltimore Orioles
- Jack F. Matlock, Jr. '46, United States Ambassador to the Soviet Union, 1987–1991
- Barry Farber '48, radio talk show host, New York City
- Joe Inman '65, PGA Tour player, PGA Champions Tour player, Georgia State University golf coach
- Rick Dees '68, radio personality, Los Angeles
- Thomas W. Ross '68, president of University of North Carolina system, formerly president of Davidson College
- Ted Tally '70, screenwriter, Academy Award winner (for "The Silence of the Lambs")
- John S. Inman '80, 1984 national NCAA golf champion (UNC), PGA Tour player 1985–1995, UNC men's golf coach
- Mark McGuinn '86, country singer-songwriter
- Ethan Albright '89, NFL football player, Miami Dolphins, Buffalo Bills, Washington Redskins, San Diego Chargers
- Carl Pettersson '96, PGA Tour player