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In skateboarding, grinds are tricks that involve the skateboarder sliding along a surface, making contact with the trucks of the skateboard. Grinds can be performed on any object narrow enough to fit between wheels and are performed on curbs, rails, the coping of a skate ramp, funboxes, ledges, and a variety of other surfaces.
The move likely originated in backyard pools in the early '70s, as the early skaters gained in skill and confidence with their high speed carves around the top of the pool walls and one day went that little bit[vague] too high. The trucks of the time, often being merely 'borrowed' rollerskate trucks, didn't allow much contact due to their narrowness, but as skateboarding gained its own truck manufacturers who widened the hanger design, the possibilities for exploration became apparent, and all sorts of moves started popping up. There was a big leap in street skating starting in the '90s[quantify]. It has evolved ever since. Today, grinds are commonly performed on handrails, lips of benches, tables, hubbas (ledge on a slope), on a hard normal ledge, a flatbar, or just simply anything that is possible enough to grind on it.
Grinding is damaging to materials which are not hardened for the specific purpose of the sport, as may be found in a skate park. The trucks are composed of a hard metal without lubricant or bearings on the grinding surface, so they literally do grind on the objects they slide across. Grinding can strip paint off of steel and wear down the edges of concrete, stone, aluminum, and wood building materials. Affected business owners and government buildings have put up anti-skate devices as a deterrent to grinding. Grinding in public places may be seen as a form of vandalism and may cause skateboarding to be banned by business owners and city ordinances.
Back-side or front-side
Whether a grind is back-side (BS) or front-side (FS) depends on how rider approaches the rail or edge. If the skater approaches the rail with his back to it, the grind is a back-side grind. If the skater approaches the rail with the front of his body to the rail, the grind is a front-side grind.
List of grinds
- 50-50 grind
- The 50-50 grind is where both trucks are on the edge. This move evolved from the horizontal-stance carve grind in pools and was taken up on top of the lip by such skaters as Jay Adams, Tony Alva and Stacy Peralta. Also called "Axelgrind".
- 5-0 grind
- Pronounced "Five-Oh". In this maneuver, the back truck grinds the rail/edge, while the front truck is suspended directly above the rail/edge. This move is similar to the manual, although the tail may be scraped against the obstacle as well as the back truck, which is not considered proper on a manual.
- For a Nosegrind, the front truck grinds the obstacle, while the back truck is suspended over the rail/edge. It is similar to the nose manual, except performed on a rail, coping, or ledge. This move originated on vert, initially in the form of Neil Blender's New Deal (nose pivot to disaster), then by his more advanced progression of said move, the "Newer Deal", which left out the disaster part and just pivoted all the way back in.
- Crooked grind
- Also known as Crooks, Crux, Pointer Grind, or the K-grind after the man to whom the trick is most commonly accredited, Eric Koston. It is like a nosegrind, but the tail of the board is angled away from the rail/ledge on which the trick is performed, causing the edge of the deck's nose to also rub. Due to the lack of historical evidence there is no way to prove when this trick was first landed, nevertheless, both Eric Koston and Dan Peterka were the first two skaters documented purposely performing this trick in their respective H-Street's Next Generation video parts. As a result, both skateboarders are regarded as co-creators of this trick.
- Overcrook grind
- Also known as Overcrooks, or Overcrux, is similar to the Crooked grind, but with the tail of the board being angled towards the far side of the rail/box.
- Feeble grind
- In this move, the back truck grinds a rail while the front truck hangs over the rail's far side. Professional skateboarer Josh Nelson is the inventor of this grind back in 1986 at the Del Mar skate ranch in Del Mar, California. The name feeble grind came from Josh Nelson's friend and fellow skateboarder Sean Donnelley. Sean used to call Josh "the feeb" which was short for feeble, because Nelson was so skinny and often had broken limbs and injuries from skateboarding. Many people watched Josh create this unique type of grind on the parking blocks that were mounted in the reservoir at the Del Mar Skate Ranch.
- Smith grind
- This maneuver entails the back truck grinding an edge or rail, while the front truck hangs over the near side of the object, leaving the edge of the deck to rub the lip/edge. This trick was named after its inventor Mike Smith (skateboarder). It is considered by many to be the most difficult basic grind trick. The backside version known as a Monty Grind was originated by Florida powerhouse Monty Nolder.
- Willy grind
- Popularized by Willy Santos. Very rarely executed, the Willy is done with the front truck sliding on the grinding surface (as in a nose grind) while the back truck hangs down below the surface on the side to which the skateboarder approached. Also called "Lazy Grind", "Nosesmith", or "Scum Grind."
- Losi grind
- Popularized by Allen Losi. Can be best described as an Overcrook with the tail hanging below a rail or with wheels sliding along on a ledge or as a Willy with the tail on the other side of the obstacle. Also called "Nosefeeble," "Over Willy Grind" or "Over-Scum," or "Bag-Lady Grind."
- Suski grind
- Popularized by Aaron Suski. Very similar to the 5-0 but the front truck is turned outward like a smith grind. The difference between a Smith and a Suski is that the tail is pressed downward and the front truck is raised up instead of being dipped low. Simply a raised or "blunted" smith grind.
- Salad grind
- Like the Suski, but the front truck is turned inward like a feeble grind. The back truck is locked on the rail, the tail is pressed downward, and the front truck is raised up instead of being dipped low. Simply a raised or "blunted" feeble grind.
- Hurricane grind
- The "cane" variations involve turning 180 to land in some sort of smith/feeble variation. Generally the "cane" variations should finish by turning back the way they came, so that the rider will land in the same stance from which he started(unless stated otherwise- ie. "hurricane to fakie".) The Hurricane is a 180 into a fakie feeble grind, and a 180 back out, landing in the original stance. It is a similar motion to a boardslide, but over-rotated so that the back truck locks on the obstacle. This trick was invented on vert by Neil Blender in 1985; an early proto-version can by witnessed in Powell Peralta's second video, Future Primitive, during Blender's brief cameo appearance on Lance Mountain's backyard ramp.
- Sugarcane grind
- The Sugarcane is an alley-oop 180 into a fakie smith grind, and a 180 back out, landing in the original stance. It is a similar motion to a lipslide (where the back truck must pass over the obstacle), but over-rotated so that the back truck locks on the obstacle.
- Novacane grind
- The Novacane is an alley-oop 180 into a switch feeble grind, with a 180 back out, landing in the original stance. It's a similar motion to the Sugarcane, but instead of landing the back truck on the obstacle in fakie smith, the front truck locks on in switch feeble.
- Note- Two missing "cane"-type variations. The alley-oop 180 into fakie feeble, and the alley-oop 180 into switch smith. These two moves are so rare as to have never been given proper names. It's unlikely to encounter either of these tricks unless the rider is skating on transition.
- Bennett grind
- Popularized by Matt Bennett. For a Bennett grind the rider must approach frontside and do a backside 180 into a switch backside smith grind. This trick name is exclusively for the version of the trick where the rider approaches frontside.
- Barley grind
- The opposite of a Bennett. The rider approaches backside and does a frontside 180 into a switch frontside smith grind. This trick name is exclusively for the version of the trick where the rider approaches backside.
- Caveman grinds
- A caveman grind is when a skater, instead of ollieing up onto a rail, starts with the board in his hand, places it onto the rail in the desired grind position and at the same time jumps onto the board, starting the grind.
- 5-0 hand drag
- This trick is a 5-0 and while doing one, you drag your back hand on the rail/ledge.
- Tractor grind
- 5-0 Hand Drag with the front hand
- Nosegrind hand drag
- This trick is a nosegrind while you drag your back hand on the rail/ledge.
- Layback grind
- This is a classic variation of the basic frontside or backside grind whereupon the skater leans back ("lays back") and places their trailing hand on or near the lip being ground, ostensibly to help "push" the grind further. Original Bones Brigade member Jay Smith did the earliest and most popular frontside examples, slashing out violently at the lip with his board while placing his hand well down the transition, in a very "surf-style" pose. By 1979 the move was being taken up on top of the lip (both truck and hand) by Duane Peters, the distinction being noted by the adjustment of the name to "layback roll-out", or, occasionally, "layback grind-to-tail". The backside version was introduced by Eddie "El Gato" Elguera later that same year.
- Wax the rail
- When you do a Nosegrind Hand Drag with the front hand. Invented by Brandon Tumber of Slaughterhouse fame.
- Primo slides/grinds
- When in rail stance and slide on the ledge slash rail. Primo grind in when you grind on both wheels/bearings in rail stance.
- Body varial grinds
- When you turn your body 180 while the board slides. Almost always done on grind that doesn't require pressure with feet.
- 5-0 overturn
- When the rider does a 5-0 and turns 180 while grinding to turn the trick into a nosegrind.
- Nosegrind overturn
- Also called Nosegrind to Pivot. When the rider is grinding on the front truck and turns 180 while grinding, making it into a 5-0.
- Crail grind
- 5-0 Back hand nosegrab
- Seatbelt grind
- Nosegrind front hand tailgrab.
- Coffin 50-50
- While lying on the board on your back whilst you're doing a 50-50 grind. Invented by Mark Nicolson (Death Skateboards, Squadrophenia 2004).
- Tailblock grind
- Tailslide nosegrab
- Noseblock grind
- Nosegrind tailgrab
- Hang-ten nosegrind
- Nosegrind when both of your feet are on the nose with your toes pointing forward.
- Hang-five nosegrind
- A one footed nose grind with your toe pointing forward.
- Handstand grinds
- Require a long rail. Jump into a grind, then do a handstand on the board while grinding.
- Badillo, Steve. (2003). Skateboarding : book of tricks. Werner, Doug, 1950-. Chula Vista, CA: Tracks Pub. ISBN 1884654193. OCLC 53293560.
- (1) Abbate, Vince (June 28, 2007). "The trucks stop here". Chico News & Review. Chici Community publishing, INC. Retrieved December 30, 2013. Archived December 17, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
(2) Heywood, Will (2011). "Navigating the New Fortress" (PDF). Urban Action. Department of Urban Studies and Planning at San Francisco State University: 19–33. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 27, 2014.
(3) Rosenberger, Robert (June 19, 2014). "How Cities Use Design to Drive Homeless People Away: Saying "you're not welcome here"—with spikes". The Atlantic. The Atlantic Monthly Group. Archived from the original on July 1, 2014. Retrieved April 23, 2017.
An example of an everyday technology that’s used to forbid certain activities is “skateboard deterrents,” that is, those little studs added to handrails and ledges. These devices, sometimes also called “skatestoppers” or “pig ears,” prevent skateboarders from performing sliding—or “grinding”—tricks across horizontal edges. A small skateboard deterrence industry has developed, with vendors with names like “stopagrind.com” and “grindtoahault.com.”
(4) Kelly, John (May 23, 2020). "It's a grind: The birth of those metal ledge guards designed to deter skateboarders". Local. The Washington Post. Retrieved June 3, 2020.
- Woolley, Helen; Hazelwood, Teresa; Simkins, Ian (2011). "Don't Skate Here: Exclusion of Skateboarders from Urban Civic Spaces in Three Northern Cities in England" (PDF). Journal of Urban Design. 16 (4): 471–487. doi:10.1080/13574809.2011.585867. S2CID 55515507.
- "THE ORIGIN OF THE CROOKED GRIND - Muckmouth Interviews Dan Peterka". The Berrics. Retrieved 2018-04-30.