Grindelia

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gumweeds
Grindelia integrifolia 3109.JPG
Puget Sound gumweed
(Grindelia integrifolia)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Tribe: Astereae[1]
Genus: Grindelia
Willd. 1807
Type species
Grindelia inuloides
Willd. 1807
Synonyms[1]
  • Donia R.Br.
  • Prionopsis Nutt.
  • Doniana Raf.
  • Aurelia Cass.
  • Demetria Lag.
  • Chrysophthalmum Phil.

Grindelia (gumweed) is a genus of plants native to the Americas belonging to the sunflower family.[2][3][4]

The genus is named for Latvian botanist David Hieronymus Grindel, 1776–1836.[5]

Grindelia squarrosa, a plant with bright yellow flowers indigenous to much of the United States, is commonly called curlycup gumweed. Grindelia robusta, found in the western states, is a coastal scrub bush that is reputed to have several medicinal uses. Hairy gumweed, Grindelia cuneifolia, occurs in brackish coastal marshes of western North America, such as in some portions of the San Francisco Bay perimeter.[5]

Grindelia species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Schinia mortua.

Species[1][6][7][8][9]
  1. Grindelia adenodonta - Texas
  2. Grindelia aegialitis - Buenos Aires
  3. Grindelia aggregata - British Columbia
  4. Grindelia andina - Chile
  5. Grindelia anethifolia - Chile, Argentina
  6. Grindelia arizonica - USA (Arizona New Mexico Utah Colorado), Coahuila, Chihuahua, western Texas
  7. Grindelia boliviana - Bolivia, Peru, Argentina
  8. Grindelia brachystephana - Peru, Argentina
  9. Grindelia buphthalmoides - Uruguay, Rio Grande do Sul, Buenos Aires
  10. Grindelia cabrerae - northern Argentina
  11. Grindelia chacoensis - northern Argentina, Paraguay
  12. Grindelia chiloensis - Chile, Argentina
  13. Grindelia ciliata - western + central USA
  14. Grindelia confusa - Chihuahua
  15. Grindelia coronensis - southern Argentina
  16. Grindelia covasii - northern Argentina
  17. Grindelia decumbens - Colorado, New Mexico
  18. Grindelia eligulata - Nuevo León, Coahuila, Chihuahua
  19. Grindelia fraxinipratensis - California, Nevada
  20. Grindelia globularifolia - northern Argentina
  21. Grindelia glutinosa - Tarapacá, Peru
  22. Grindelia grandiflora - Coahuila, Texas
  23. Grindelia greenmanii - Nuevo León, Coahuila, San Luis Potosí
  24. Grindelia havardii - Texas, New Mexico
  25. Grindelia hintoniorum - Nuevo León
  26. Grindelia hirsutula - California
  27. Grindelia howellii - Idaho
  28. Grindelia integrifolia - Oregon Washington British Columbia
  29. Grindelia inuloides - from Coahuila to Oaxaca
  30. Grindelia lanceolata - USA (mostly southern Plains), Nuevo León
  31. Grindelia linearifolia - Uruguay
  32. Grindelia macvaughii - Jalisco
  33. Grindelia mendocina - northern Argentina
  34. Grindelia microcephala - Texas
  35. Grindelia nelsonii - Jalisco, Colima, Michoacán
  36. Grindelia nuda - Colorado New Mexico Texas Oklahoma
  37. Grindelia oaxacana - Oaxaca
  38. Grindelia obovatifolia - Nuevo León
  39. Grindelia oolepis - Texas
  40. Grindelia orientalis - Uruguay
  41. Grindelia oxylepis - New Mexico, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, San Luis Potosí, Colima
  42. Grindelia palmeri - San Luis Potosí
  43. Grindelia patagonica - Argentina
  44. Grindelia prostrata - northern Argentina
  45. Grindelia prunelloides - Chile, southern Argentina
  46. Grindelia puberula - Rio Grande do Sul, Argentina, Paraguay
  47. Grindelia pusilla - Texas, Coahuila
  48. Grindelia pygmaea - southern Argentina
  49. Grindelia ragonesei - northern Argentina
  50. Grindelia robinsonii - San Luis Potosí, Hidalgo
  51. Grindelia robusta - California, Baja California, Baja California Sur
  52. Grindelia rupestris - Rio Grande do Sul, Uruguay
  53. Grindelia scabra - Texas, New Mexico, Coahuila
  54. Grindelia scorzonerifolia - Argentina, Paraguay, Brazil, Uruguay
  55. Grindelia squarrosa - much of USA + Canada
  56. Grindelia subalpina - Colorado New Mexico, Wyoming
  57. Grindelia subdecurrens - San Luis Potosí, Zacatecas, Aguascalientes
  58. Grindelia sublanuginosa - Jalisco
  59. Grindelia tarapacana - Tarapacá, Peru
  60. Grindelia tehuelches - Argentina
  61. Grindelia tenella - Nuevo León, San Luis Potosí, Tamaulipas
  62. Grindelia turneri - Nuevo León
  63. Grindelia ventanensis Buenos Aires
  64. Grindelia vetimontis - Nuevo León
  65. Grindelia villarrealii - Nuevo Leon

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Flann, C (ed) 2009+ Global Compositae Checklist
  2. ^ Willdenow, Carl Ludwig von. 1807. Magazin für die Neuesten Entdeckungen in der Gesammten Naturkunde, Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1(4): 259–261
  3. ^ Tropicos, Grindelia Willd.
  4. ^ Nesom, Guy L. 1990. Studies in the systematics of Mexican and Texan Grindelia (Asteraceae:Astereae). Phytologia 68(4):303-332
  5. ^ a b Flora of North America, Gum-plant, resin-weed Grindelia Willdenow, 1807.
  6. ^ Biota of North America Program 2013 county distribution maps
  7. ^ Davidse, G., M. Sousa-Peña, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera. 2015. Asteraceae. 5(2): ined. In G. Davidse, M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera (eds.) Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México
  8. ^ Pruski, J.F. & G. Sancho. 2004. Asteraceae or Compositae (Aster or Sunflower Family). 33–39. In N. Smith & et al. (eds.) Flowering plants of the Neotropics. Princeton University Press, Princeton.
  9. ^ The Plant List, search for Grindelia

External links[edit]