Grindelia

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Gumweeds
Grindelia integrifolia 3109.JPG
Puget Sound gumweed
(Grindelia integrifolia)
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Subfamily: Asteroideae
Supertribe: Asterodae
Tribe: Astereae
Genus: Grindelia
Willd. 1807
Type species
Grindelia inuloides
Willd. 1807
Synonyms[1]
  • Donia R.Br.
  • Prionopsis Nutt.
  • Doniana Raf.
  • Aurelia Cass.
  • Demetria Lag.
  • Chrysophthalmum Phil.

Grindelia (gumweed) is a genus of plants native to the Americas belonging to the sunflower family.[2][3][4]

The genus is named for Latvian botanist David Hieronymus Grindel, 1776–1836.[5]

Grindelia squarrosa, a plant with bright yellow flowers indigenous to much of the United States, is commonly called curlycup gumweed. Grindelia robusta, found in the western states, is a coastal scrub bush that is reputed to have several medicinal uses. Hairy gumweed, Grindelia cuneifolia, occurs in brackish coastal marshes of western North America, such as in some portions of the San Francisco Bay perimeter.[5]

Grindelia species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Schinia mortua.

Species[edit]

There are about 30 species,[5] including:[1][6][7][8][9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Flann, C (ed) 2009+ Global Compositae Checklist
  2. ^ Willdenow, Carl Ludwig von. 1807. Magazin für die Neuesten Entdeckungen in der Gesammten Naturkunde, Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1(4): 259–261
  3. ^ "Grindelia Willd.". Tropicos. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  4. ^ Nesom, Guy L. 1990. Studies in the systematics of Mexican and Texan Grindelia (Asteraceae: Astereae). Phytologia 68(4):303-332
  5. ^ a b c Strother, John L.; Wetter, Mark A. (2006). "Grindelia". In Flora of North America Editorial Committee. Flora of North America North of Mexico (FNA). 20. New York and Oxford – via eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
  6. ^ "Grindelia". County-level distribution maps from the North American Plant Atlas (NAPA). Biota of North America Program (BONAP). 2013.
  7. ^ Davidse, G., M. Sousa-Peña, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera. 2015. Asteraceae. 5(2): ined. In G. Davidse, M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera (eds.) Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México
  8. ^ Pruski, J.F. & G. Sancho. 2004. Asteraceae or Compositae (Aster or Sunflower Family). 33–39. In N. Smith & et al. (eds.) Flowering plants of the Neotropics. Princeton University Press, Princeton.
  9. ^ The Plant List, search for Grindelia

External links[edit]