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The Gringai people, a group of indigenous people of Australia, are those Australian Aborigines that were united by a common language, strong ties of kinship and survived as skilled hunter–fisher–gatherers in family groups as a clan of the Wonnarua people, whose traditional land is now known as the Hunter Region of New South Wales, Australia.[1]

Gringai lands are mostly in the Allyn River valley,[2] and include what is now known as Dungog, Paterson, Gresford, Brookfield,[3] Tocal,[4] to the headwaters of the Williams and Chichester rivers.[3] Gringai land also includes the southern valleys of the Barrington Tops.[5]

Two people of the Gringai are known by that name as a result of their arrest and subsequent trials. Wong-ko-bi-kan and Charley were both arrested within a year or so of each other in the 1830s. Wong-ko-bi-kan was sentenced to be transported to Tasmania for manslaughter after spearing a John Flynn, where he died soon after. Charley was the only man to be hanged in the town of Dungog on the Williams River, as a demonstration to his fellow Gringai.[6]


  1. ^ Miller, James (1985). Korri a Will to Win. Angus & Robertson. 
  2. ^ "Caergwrle, Allynbrook". Discover people and places. State Library of New South Wales. 2011. Retrieved 13 May 2012. 
  3. ^ a b "Indigenous history". Visit Dungog. Dungog Shire Visitor Information Centre. 2009. Retrieved 13 May 2012. 
  4. ^ "Summary of Tocal's history". Tocal Homestead. CB Alexander Foundation. Retrieved 15 April 2009. 
  5. ^ "Aboriginal associations with the park area". Barrington Tops National Park. NSW National Parks & Wildlife Service. Retrieved 13 May 2012. 
  6. ^ "History in the Williams Valley - The Gringai".