Großbeeren

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Großbeeren
Coat of arms of Großbeeren
Coat of arms
Großbeeren   is located in Germany
Großbeeren
Großbeeren
Coordinates: 52°21′16″N 13°18′22″E / 52.35444°N 13.30611°E / 52.35444; 13.30611Coordinates: 52°21′16″N 13°18′22″E / 52.35444°N 13.30611°E / 52.35444; 13.30611
Country Germany
State Brandenburg
District Teltow-Fläming
Government
 • Mayor Carl Ahlgrimm (Ind.)
Area
 • Total 51.89 km2 (20.03 sq mi)
Elevation 42 m (138 ft)
Population (2015-12-31)[1]
 • Total 8,398
 • Density 160/km2 (420/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 14979
Dialling codes 033701
Vehicle registration TF
Website www.grossbeeren.de

Großbeeren is a municipality in the district of Teltow-Fläming in the German state of Brandenburg.

Geography[edit]

View from the Battle of Großbeeren Memorial Tower, north towards the village church. Berlin's skyline in the background.

Located about 3 km south of Berlin's city limits. It includes the localities of Diedersdorf, Heinersdorf and Kleinbeeren.

Demography[edit]

Großbeeren:
Population development within the current boundaries (2013)
[2]
Year Population
1875 1 953
1890 2 797
1910 3 547
1925 3 676
1933 3 606
1939 4 346
1946 4 240
1950 4 434
1964 3 770
1971 3 720
Year Population
1981 3 460
1985 3 452
1989 3 259
1990 3 171
1991 3 112
1992 3 134
1993 3 230
1994 3 480
1995 3 778
1996 4 323
Year Population
1997 4 874
1998 5 414
1999 5 833
2000 6 077
2001 6 306
2002 6 473
2003 6 654
2004 6 809
2005 7 034
2006 7 146
Year Population
2007 7 213
2008 7 335
2009 7 397
2010 7 466
2011 7 666
2012 7 794
2013 8 291

History[edit]

Großbeeren memorial tower

Großbeeren was first mentioned in a 1271 deed. It was devastated in the Thirty Years' War and again in 1760, when Russian and Habsburg troops in the course of the Seven Years' War burnt down the church and several houses.

On 23 August 1813 the Sixth Coalition under Crown Prince Charles John of Sweden and General Friedrich Wilhelm Freiherr von Bülow defeated three corps of the Imperial French Army under Marshal Nicolas Oudinot in their advance on Berlin at the Battle of Großbeeren. A memorial tower in the village centre was erected on the hundredth anniversary in 1913. Furthermore, a fieldstone pyramid from 1906 on a pasture west of Großbeeren is dedicated to General von Bülow.

In September 1942 the Gestapo established a labour camp in Großbeeren, where at least 1197 forced labourers from Belgium, Czechoslovakia, France, Poland, Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union were killed. Werner Seelenbinder was imprisoned here in 1943.

Church (by Schinkel)

Großbeeren shared its borders with the former West Berlin, and so during the period 1961-1990 it was separated from it by the Berlin Wall.

The municipality houses the Institute of Vegetable and Ornamental Crops (IGZ) of the Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Scientific Community.

Transportation[edit]

Großbeeren can be reached via the Bundesstraße 101 federal highway. It has also access to the Berlin-Halle railway line. A large logistics complex serves for storage and distribution of goods addresses to Berlin.

References[edit]