|• Mayor||Burkhard Müller (CDU)|
|• Total||96.79 km2 (37.37 sq mi)|
|Elevation||122 m (400 ft)|
|• Density||190/km2 (490/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
|Postal codes||01558; 01561|
|Vehicle registration||MEI; GRH; RG; RIE|
Großenhain was originally a Sorb settlement. It was first mentioned in 1205. It was for a time occupied by the Bohemians, by whom it was strongly fortified. It afterwards came into the possession of the margraves of Meißen, from whom it was taken in 1312 by the margraves of Brandenburg. In the middle-ages, Großenhain was one of the most powerful towns in Saxony. It suffered considerably in all the great German wars, and in 1744 was nearly destroyed by fire. On May 16, 1813, a battle took place here between the French and the Russians.
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There are two train stations in Großenhain. As Großenhain Berliner Bahnhof is out of service since 2002, only Großenhain Cottbusser Bahnhof is served by trains from Dresden to Elsterwerda, Cottbus and Hoyerswerda.
- Martin Blochwich (1602-1629): German physician, born here
- Karl Benjamin Preusker (1786–1871): Founder of the first public library in Germany (1828)
- Manfred von Richthofen (1892–1918): German fighter pilot known as The Red Baron, was trained as observer at the local airport
- Corinna Harfouch (born 1954): German actress, passed her childhood here
- Benjamin Hedericus (1675-1748): Lexicographer
- Heino (born 1938): German schlager artist, passed his childhood here
- Carlo Mierendorff (1897-1943), representatives of the SPD, a member of the German Reichstag and resistance fighter against Nazism
- Frederick Traugott Pursh (1774-1820), actually Friedrich Pursch , botanist
- Helmut H. Schaefer (1925-2005), mathematician, professor at the University of Halle (Saale), at the University of Tübingen, at the California Institute of Technology and other US universities
- Valentin Weigel (1533-1588), theologian and philosopher
- "Aktuelle Einwohnerzahlen nach Gemeinden 2016] (Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011)" (PDF). Statistisches Landesamt des Freistaates Sachsen (in German). July 2016.
- Großenhain, Steifzug durch eine sächsische Kleinstadt 2002, Gräser Verlag
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Großenhain.|
- Official website (in German)