|Parent range||Elbe Sandstone Mountains|
|Mountain type||Table mountain|
|Type of rock||sandstone with basalt extrusion|
Origin of the name
The name appears to be derived from the Slavic root word for "black".
Location and area
There are two climbing peaks on the Großer Zschirnstein - the Großer and Kleiner Zschirnsteinturm ("Great" and "Little Zschirnstein Tower"). There is also the Südwand (IV) climbing route that ends directly at the highest point on the hill. This climbing route is one of the three exceptions to Saxon climbing regulations which state that climbing of massifs is generally forbidden.
On the south summit, near the viewing point, a Nagel Column (Nagelsche Säule) has stood since 1865. It recalls August Nagel, the head of survey in Saxony in the 19th century. The survey was carried out using triangulation. Other trig points in the area are located inter alia on the Raumberg, the Lilienstein, the Cottaer Spitzberg and the Hoher Schneeberg. The column on the Großer Zschirnstein was lost around 1900. In May 2011 a replica was erected in its place.
The following hills, rock formations and settlements can be seen from the Großer Zschirnstein (from northeast through south to northwest): Falkenstein, Schrammsteine, Tanečnice (Tanzplan), Großer Winterberg, Zirkelstein, Kottmar, Prebischtor, Mezní Louka (Rainwiese), Vlčí hora (Wolfsberg), Jedlová (Tannenberg), Pěnkavčí vrch (Finkenkoppe), Studenec (Kaltenberg), Zlatý vrch (Goldberg), Růžovský vrch (Rosenberg), Ještěd (Jeschken), Klíč (Kleis), Bezděz (Bösig), Buková hora (Zinkenstein) (with its prominent TV tower), Lovoš (Lobosch), Kletečna (Kletschen), Milešovka (Milleschauer), Děčínský Sněžník (Hoher Schneeberg), Dresden.
On 14 February 2010 around 8.20 pm a Cessna Citation 550 light aircraft crashed into the southern flank of the hill in a craggy area. The aircraft belonged to the Czech airline, Time Air, and was under way from Prague to Karlstad in Sweden. The two pilots were killed. According to an evaluation of the voice recorder the cause of the crash was an aerobatic manoeuvre (aileron roll) for which the aircraft is not authorised.   
- "Nagelsche Säule am Zschirnstein aufgestellt", Sächsische Zeitung (Pirna edition) dated 21/22 May 2011]
- Sächsische Zeitung dated 17 February 2010
- Sächsische Zeitung dated 3 March 2010