Großherzogin Elisabeth is a 1909 German sailing ship built as the San Antonio, a replacement for the 1907 freighter San Antonio which had been lost in a collision at sea.
On 25 January 1914, San Antonio ran aground off the coast of Morocco. In 1929 she capsized near Copenhagen, Denmark; however, she was salvageable and was converted into a coastal trading vessel.
After several Dutch owners, she was acquired by the German shipowner Hartmut Paschburg in 1973 and was a cruise ship on the Mediterranean for several years, operating with the name Ariadne.
In 1982, the ship was sold to the Kreis of Wesermarsch and the sail training club Schulschiffverein „Großherzogin Elisabeth“ e. V. was founded. Since 1993, the club has been owner of the ship.
Today, Großherzogin Elisabeth is primarily used for sail training and is based in Elsfleth.