The village centre in 2005
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Groby (pronounced "groo-bee") listen (help·info) is a large English village in the county of Leicestershire, to the north west of the city of Leicester. The population at the time of the 2011 census was 6,796.
The village has expanded vastly since the 1970s and is now part of the Leicester Urban Area. The southern side is dominated by new housing estates, built upon what was formerly farming land between the historic part of Groby and the neighbouring village of Glenfield. The old village centre still retains some character, with some cobbled lanes and thatched cottages. The church of St Philip and St James, built in the lancet style by George Harry Booth-Grey, the sixth Earl of Stamford, dates from 1840 and stands in the grounds of Groby Castle. The architect was William Railton. Few remains are left of the castle, other than a small hill in the ground to the east of the main church building, which is the original medieval motte, and the manor house (Groby Old Hall), the stone-built parts of which are thought to have been part of the castle's outer buildings. In April 2010 archaeologists from the popular Channel 4 television show, Time Team excavated the area behind the old hall and the parish church. They were looking to unravel the history of Groby Castle, and found a lost medieval mansion with its own chapel, built round a courtyard. The episode was aired on 20 March 2011.
The ancient main street through the centre of the village running south to Leicester and north towards Coalville was classified as the A50 under the British road numbering scheme, but this road has now bypassed much of the village due to two road schemes in the 1980s and 90s. The village also has easy access to the A46 Leicester Western Bypass and the M1 (J22 North and J21a South).
A 2011 survey, using 60 sets of data from police, Land Registry, Ofsted and Office for National Statistics named the village as the best place in the East Midlands to bring up children.
Groby was mentioned in Domesday Book of 1086, when it was described as having "land for 4 ploughs, 10 villagers with 1 Freeman and 5 smallholders have 3 ploughs...the value was 20s; now 60s." Ulf is shown as the lord of Markfield, Groby Blaby and Ratby in the hundred of Guthlaxton in Leicestershire in 1066. By 1086, the lord was Hugh de Grandmesnil who was also associated with the hundreds of Goscote, Guthlaxton and Gartree in Leicestershire. The estate was held by the Ferrers family until 1445 when it passed to the Grey family. By 1800 the village had expanded with the population reaching 250, and by 1920 it had reached 1,000. Employment in the village was largely in the local granite quarries and in farming. The seventh Earl of Stamford and 3rd Earl of Warrington employed the London architect Mr M.J. Dain of Dain and Parsons to design the Jacobean style mansion to replace the former hunting lodge the Grey family used at Groby when they were hunting in Leicestershire, this mansion was built by the local builder of Groby Mr Thomas Rudkin, Bradgate House was completed in 1856 and built to the north-west of the village and referred to as the Calendar House because it had 365 windows, 52 rooms, and 12 main chimneys. The Earls niece Mrs Katherine Henrietta Venezia Grey sold the Leicestershire estates in 1925, she inherited these in 1905, including Bradgate House, which was demolished (although the ruins of its extravagant stable block remain), from which many villagers bought their homes. Plots of land in the area were subsequently sold to builders, leading to a significant expansion of the village.
Historically, the village is noted for its connection with two Queens of England. Groby Old Hall, built in the 15th century, was owned by the Grey family whose estate included Bradgate Park. Sir John Grey of Groby married Elizabeth Woodville. After his death, in battle, she married Edward IV of England. Bradgate Park was the childhood home of Lady Jane Grey, who became Queen of England for nine days in 1553. The Grey family held the barony until it was forfeited in 1554. Thomas Grey, Lord Grey of Groby became MP for Leicester in 1641 and fought on the side of Parliament in the English Civil War. In 1649 Grey was the only aristocrat of the 59 signatories of the death warrant of Charles I.
There is no definitive explanation of the roots of the village's name, but its '-by' ending implies a link to Viking rule during the period of the Danelaw. Also, groo is a Viking word for pit, which may well refer to the quarry situated next to the village. The Domesday entry lists the village as 'Grobi'. The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place-names also shows the names Groubi or Groebi in the 12th century. Furthermore, it suggests the name is from a tarn perhaps with the Old Scandinavian name grōf; and that the Old Norse gróf means "a torrent and a gully formed by it." The dictionary also says, "It is identical with [ Gothic language ] gróba, [ Old High German ] grouba 'pit, hollow'."
The village centre has a few shops, including a Co-op supermarket, Co-op Chemists, Pricegate, déja Vu hair salon, Chaplins (traditional family butcher), a bakery, greengrocers, Cathy Stevens Jewellery, Mark Jarvis, Wilson & Sons Newsagent, Nottingham Building Society branch and Flint. There is also a fish and chip shop, a Chinese takeaway and various other shops. The pub The Stamford Arms, named after the historic owners – the Grey family were Earls of Stamford – had a £450k restaurant refurbishment in 2013. The Lawnwood shopping parade has Henson's hardware shop, Greens sandwich shop and a hairdressers. There is another Co-op supermarket a few minutes away from the village centre.
There are five schools, Lady Jane Grey Primary, Elizabeth Woodville Primary and Martinshaw County Primary, whilst Brookvale High School and Groby Community College are located on a campus to the west of the village, and attract students from Groby and surrounding villages including Ratby, Kirby Muxloe, Glenfield, and sometimes Markfield and New Parks. There is also a Scout troop based on the edge of Martinshaw Woods.
Groby Quarry is located on the narrow lane which leads through to Newtown Linford, and is still used to quarry granite. Lawn Wood Quarry, on the A50, is now largely disused and is being filled in with landfill.
The light engineering company APT Leicester is based in Groby.
Groby Pool, "reputedly the largest natural expanse of open water in Leicestershire" is a 38 acres (15 ha) lake located opposite the quarry on Newtown Linford Lane. It is owned by Hanson quarries and managed by English Nature and became an SSSI in 1956. Due to lack of drainage, "it is one of the most significant wildlife areas in Leicestershire." The origins of the pool are debated. Theories include that it resulted from the damming of Slate Brook by monks from Leicester Abbey or that it was a Roman clay-pit for pottery production. There is a public car park a few minutes' walk to the southeast, and it is possible to walk along the east side nearest the lane, although access elsewhere is restricted. Visitors are requested NOT to feed the birds as it changes the water balance and damages wildlife. The pool has a strict no fishing rule. In 2017, a number of notices were erected around the pool perimeter advising visitors NOT to paddle or swim due to blue green algae.
Local villages and towns
- Leicester – the nearest city, 5 miles along the A50.
- Glenfield – 1 mile along the A50 towards Leicester, a village/suburb bordering the city.
- Newtown Linford (and Bradgate Park – small tourist "honeypot" in Charnwood); 2 miles away.
- Field Head – on A50 towards Markfield, part of Groby Parish.
- Markfield – 3 miles along A50 towards Coalville. M1 Junction 22.
- Ratby – 1/2 a mile away along Ratby Lane / Sacheverell Way, the other side of the M1.
- Anstey – Large village along Anstey Lane or A46 LWB.
- Kirby Muxloe – Village with unfinished Kirby Muxloe Castle of Lord Hastings, 3 miles south of Groby
Groby Parish also includes most of the settlement of Field Head.
- "UK Census Data:Groby". Retrieved 17 July 2014.
- "St Philip and St James, Groby". Retrieved 13 March 2017.
- Pevsner, Nikolaus (1960). Leicestershire and Rutland. The Buildings of England. Penguin Books. p. 115.
- Historic England. "Details from image database (188535)". Images of England. Retrieved 27 December 2011.
- "Village is top for families". Leicester Mercury. 27 September 2011. Retrieved 8 July 2013.
- "Open domesday:Groby". domesdaymap.co.uk. Archived from the original on 25 July 2014. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
- The Leicestershire & Rutland Village Book. Countryside Books. pp. 79–80. ISBN 1-85306-056-9.
- Morris, John; et al. (1979). The Domesday Book: Leicestershire. Phillimore & Co Ltd. p. 232a. ISBN 978-0-85033-332-9.
- Ekwall, E. (1980). The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place-names (4th ed.).
- Matt Wright. Great food club - the guide 2013-2014. www.greatfoodclub.co.uk. p. 126.
- "Stamford Arms". Stamford Arms. Retrieved 19 March 2019.
- Source, Groby pool SSSI information board at pool edge just beyond car park.
Media related to Groby at Wikimedia Commons