List of Ukrainian rulers

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This list encompasses all rulers and leaders of what is today Ukraine, from ancient to modern times.

The term "Ukrainians" is used according to the modern definition of "the inhabitants of the land Ukraine"[1] not just those who identify with the ethnic group. This list includes only local rulers whose seat of power was located in the modern Ukraine and only the rulers whose power was derived directly from the people of the territory at the time, and does not include the governors who received their authority from some foreign powers (as during Lithuanian, Polish, Hungarian, Austrian, Russian, Czechoslovakian and Romanian overlordship).

This is not a list of sovereigns. Throughout its history the territory of modern Ukraine had various forms of governance from monarchies to democratic republics.

Antiquity (c. 500 BC – 16 BC)[edit]

Scythian kings[2][edit]

Scythian king Skilurus, relief from Scythian Neapolis, Crimea, 2nd century BC

Scythia was a loose state that originated as early as the 8th century BC. Little is known of them and their rulers. Most detailed description came down to us from Herodotus.

Kings of Cimmerian Bosporus[edit]

A silver coin depicting Mithradates VI of Pontus

The shores of Crimea were settled by Greeks since the 7th century BC. The kingdom was established around 480 BC. It was ruled by three consecutive dynasties: Archaenactidae (480 BC – 438 BC), Spartocids (438 BC – 108 BC), and Pontids (108 BC – 16 BC). After Pontids the territory became a Roman client kingdom.

Pontids

Migration period (c. 200 – c. 800)[edit]

In Eastern Europe the Great Migration Period kicked off with the descent of the Goths from the Baltic region into the territory of modern Ukraine, about AD 200. They either took over or assimilated with the local Slavic tribes. The Goths were in turn pushed out by aggressively encroaching Huns, about 375. The Goths went on to conquer Southern Europe and the Huns moved to the Balkans and created a Hunnic Empire which lasted for a hundred years. After splitting of the Empire, some of the Huns moved back north in the territories of modern Ukraine and formed Patria Onoguria, now known as Old Great Bulgaria. In the 7th century Onoguria largely defected to Khazaria – an expanding Turkic state centered in the North Caucuses which controlled the Eurasian steppe until the 9th century.

Gothic rulers[edit]

In 238, the Goths for the first time passed the Danube, and took to the Black Sea. The division of the Goths (Thervingi-Vesi and Greuthungi-Ostrogothi) is first attested in 291.

Tervingi

The Balti dynasty, Balth(e)s, Baltungs, or Balthings, existed among the Tervingi ("forest people"), called later the Visigothi. The names of the Drevlyans and the Gothic Tervingi in Ukraine have often been adduced as parallels to agac-ari ("forest men" in Turkic).

  • Nidad, reik ("ruler") (c. 218 – 249)
  • Ovida, son of Nidad, co-ruler (c. 249 – 273)
  • Cniva a.k.a. Kniwa ("knife"), brother of Ovida, co-ruler
  • Ilderic a.k.a. Hilderith, son of Ovida, co-ruler (c. 273 – 317)
  • Ariaric a.k.a. Ascaric, brother of Hilderith, co-ruler
  • Geberic a.k.a. Geberich, son of Hilderith, kindin ("king") (c. 317 – 350)
  • Athanaric a.k.a. Aþanareiks ("year-king"), pagan, Gunþi-reik ("battle prince") (365–381)
  • Fritigern a.k.a. Frithugairns ("desiring peace"), converted to Arianism, Gunþi-reik (369–382)

Greuthungi

The Amali dynasty, Amals, Amaler, or Amalings of the Greuthungi ("steppe dwellers" or "people of the pebbly coasts"), called later the Ostrogothi.

  • Amal (Amala), the Fortunate, born fl. 110 or c. 123
  • Hisarna, (Isarna), the Iron One, born fl. 140 or c. 153
  • Ostrogotha, the Patient, born fl. 170 or c. 183, died c. 250 in Ukraine
  • Hunuil ("Immune to Magic") a.k.a. Ginvila, born fl. 210 or c. 213
  • Athal (Athala), the Noble One, born fl. 240 or c. 243 in Ukraine
  • Achiulf (Agiulf), born fl. 270 or c. 273 in Ukraine
  • Wultwulf (Vultuulf, Vulthulf, Vuldulf), born fl. 300 in Ukraine, died fl. 370, prince of the Goths
  • Ermanaric (Hermanaric, Ermanarich, Hermanarik), born c. 303 in Ukraine, king of the Getae/Greutungi/Ostrogoths (335 or 350 – 375 or 376)
  • Winithar (Vinitharius), Conqueror of the Venedi-Slavs (Antes), born fl. 345 or c. 353 in Ukraine, the last independent king of the Ostrogoths (376–380)
  • Hunimund ("Protege of the Huns"), the Beautiful, born c. 326 in Ukraine, the first Hunnic vassal prince of the Ostrogoths (376-fl.405)

Hunnic rulers[edit]

  • Balambér a.k.a. Bülümer (Bulümar, Balamir), conqueror of the Ostrogoths (376–378)
  • Baltazár a.k.a. Alyp-bi, king of the Western Huns (378–390), buried on Kuyantau (current Kiev)
  • Uldin a.k.a. Ulduz, king of the Western Huns (390–c. 411)
  • Donatus, King of the Eastern Huns (c. 382–412)
  • Charaton a.k.a. Aksungur (Aksuvar), (c. 411–c. 422)
  • Octar a.k.a. Oktar (Uptar ?), (c. 425–c. 430)
  • Rugila a.k.a. Ruga (Rua, Roila), Yabgu (prince), then king (432–434)
  • Mundzuk a.k.a. Aybat, Yabgu (390–434), King(434)
  • Bleda, King and ruler of Eastern Huns (Ak Bulgar) (434–445)
  • Attila the Hun, Yabgu of Western Huns (Kara Bulgar) (434–445)
  • Ellac a.k.a. Ellak, Khagan and ruler of the Sabirs (453–454)
  • Dengizich a.k.a. Tengiz (Diggiz), ruler of the Akatziroi, (454–468)
  • Ernakh a.k.a. Bel-Kermek (Hernach), ruler of the Bulgars (455–465), and the Akatziroi (469–503)

Rulers of Patria Onoguria[edit]

According to Zakarius Rhetor and Priscus Rhetor, Patria Onoguria was a vulgar statelet in alliance with Byzantium established in 463 around Azov having been forced west upon the Akatziroi by the Sabirs who in turn were being attacked. Its 7th century period is commonly referred to as Old Great Bulgaria (~600–~690).

Khazar rulers[edit]

Khazar Khaganate controlled much of what is today southern and eastern Ukraine until the 10th century.

Rulers of Kiev and Kievan Rus' (c. 375/800 – 1240/1362)[edit]

Legendary and historical rulers of Kiev[edit]

Portrait Name Born-Died Ruled From Ruled Until
Bozh (Bož, Boz, Booz, Box), a king of Antes, the east Slavic people 4th century ? 376
Alyp-bi (Baltazár), the son of Balambér a.k.a. Bülümer, a khan of the Western Huns who was buried on Kuyantau mountain (current Kiev) 4th century 378 390
Kyi, Czech, Khoryv and Lubed in der Radziwiłłchronik.jpg Kyi, a legendary founder of Kiev, a Slavic prince of Kuyavia, most likely eastern Polans 5th–6th centuries 482 ?
Oleg (Helge or Helgi), probably of Danish or Swedish origin, an apocryphal Kiev voivode, under the overlordship of the Khazar Khaganate 8th century ? ?
Bravlin, probably of Swedish origin,[3] a Varangian voivode in the Rus' Khaganate 8th–9th centuries c. 790 c. 810
Аскольд та Дір.png Askold and Dir (Høskuldr and Dýri),[4] probably of Swedish origin, Varangian konungs, not Rurikids, were rulers (khagans) of Kiev, not Kievan Rus'  ? - 882 c. 842[5] 882

Rurik Dynasty[edit]

The Rurikids were descendants of Rurik (Hrørekr), a Varangian pagan konung or chieftain, who supposedly was of haplogroup N1c1, which is common among Finno-Ugric peoples and not so rare in Baltic region.[6]

All the rulers of Kievan Rus' before the conversion of Vladimir I and all the country to Christianity are Pagan rulers, except Olga of Kiev.

Portrait Name Born Reign Marriage (s) Death Notes
Rurik I
(Рюрик)
Old Norse: Rørik
Rurik titularnik.jpg Unknown 862-879 Unknown
at least one son
879 Ruled as Prince of Novgorod. Founder of the family.
Oleg the Seer
(Олег Віщий)
Old Norse: Helgi[7]
Oleg of Novgorod.jpg Unknown 879-912 Unknown 912 Varangian kniaz of Holmgård (Novgorod) and Kønugård (Kiev). His relationship with the family is unknown. He was probably a regent, in name of Igor, son of Rurik.
Igor I the Old
Igor Rurikovich
(Ігор Старий[8])
Old Norse: Ingvar Röreksson
Igor the Old.jpg c.878
Son of Rurik
912-945 Olga of Kiev
901 or 902
at least one son
945
Iskorosten
aged 66–67
Saint Olga of Kiev
(Saint Olga)
(Свята Ольга)
Old Norse: Helga
St Olga by Nesterov in 1892.jpg c.890
Pskov
945-962 Igor I the Old
901 or 902
at least one son
11 July 969
Kiev
aged 78–79
Regent on behalf of her minor son, she was baptized by Emperor Constantine VII but failed to bring Christianity to Kiev.
Sviatoslav I the Brave
Sviatoslav Igorevich
(Святосла́в Хоро́брий)
Old Norse: Sveinald Ingvarsson[9]
Svatoslav titularnik.png c.942
possibly Kiev
Son of Igor I the Old and Saint Olga of Kiev
962-972 Predslava
c.954
two sons

Malusha/Malfrida[10][11]
c.958
at least one son
March 972
Khortytsia
aged 29–30
The first true ruler of Rus' who destroyed the Khazar Khaganate and united all of the Rus' principalities under the Kiev throne.
Yaropolk I
Yaropolk Sviatoslavich
(Яропо́лк Святосла́вич)
Old Norse: Iaropolk Sveinaldsson
06 History Of Russia by William Tooke.jpg c.950
Son of Sviatoslav I the Brave and Predslava
972-980 A Greek nun
at least one son
980
Fort of Roden, near Kaniv
aged 29–30
Supposedly was baptised into Catholicism, and then was murdered by two Varangians.
Vladimir I the Great
Vladimir Basil Sviatoslavich
(Володимир Великий/Володимѣръ Свѧтославичь)
Old Norse: Valdamarr Sveinaldsson
Vladimir-I-Sviatoslavich.jpg c.958
Budyatychi
Son of Sviatoslav I the Brave and Malusha/Malfrida
980-1015 Olava/Allogia
c.977
at least one son

A Greek nun
(widow of his brother)
c.980
at least one son

Rogneda of Polotsk
c.978
(possibly in bigamy)
eight children

Adela (of Bulgaria?)
at least two children (maximum four)

Malfrida (of Bohemia?)
Before 1000
two children

Anna Porphyrogenita of Byzantium
988
Cherson
three children

Regelindis (?) of Saxony (granddaughter of Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor)
After 1011
one or two daughters

Unknown
two children
15 July 1015
Berestove, Kiev
aged 57–58
His early rule is characterized by a staunch pagan reaction but in 988 he was baptized into Orthodoxy and successfully converted Kievan Rus' to Christianity.
Sviatopolk I the Accursed
Sviatopolk Yaropolkovich
(Святополк Окаянний)
Old Norse: Sveinpolk Iaropolksson
Sviatopolk I of Kiev.jpg c.980
Son of Sviatoslav I the Brave and Predslava
1015-1019 Unknown name
(daughter of Bolesław I of Poland)
no children
1019
aged 38–39
Yaroslav I the Wise
Yaroslav George Vladimirovich
(Яросла́в Му́дрий)
Old Norse: Jarizleifr Valdamarrsson[12]
Yaroslav the Wise.jpg c.978
Son of Vladimir I the Great and Rogneda of Polotsk
1019-1054 Ingigerda of Sweden
1019
Novgorod
eight or nine children
20 February 1054
Vyshhorod
aged 75–76
Prince of Rostov, Prince of Novgorod, and Grand Prince of Kiev; during his reign Kievan Rus' reached the pinnacle of its power.
Iziaslav I
Iziaslav Demetrius Yaroslavich
(Ізяслав Ярославич)
Old Norse: Izjasleifr(?) Jarizleifsson
Minskizjaslav.jpg c.1024
Son of Yaroslav I the Wise and Ingigerda of Sweden
1054-1068

1069-1073

1076-1078
Gertrude of Poland
1043
three children
3 October 1078
Nizhyn
aged 53–54
Reigned three times, threatened by the power of his relatives Vseslav of Polotsk (1068–69) and Sviatoslav II of Kiev (1073-76). First King of Rus', Pope Gregory VII sent him a crown from Rome in 1075.
Vseslav I the Seer
Vseslav Basil Bryacheslavich
(Всеслав Брячиславич)
Я. Драздовіч Пярсцёнак князя Усяслава Чарадзея.jpg c.1039
Polotsk
Son of Bryachislav of Polotsk
1068-1069 Unknown
six sons
24 April 1101
Polotsk
aged 61–62
A brief ruler during Iziaslav's official reign. Also Prince of Polotsk.
Sviatoslav II
Sviatoslav Nicholas Yaroslavich
(Святослав Ярославич)
Old Norse: Sveinald Jarizleifsson
11 History Of Russia by William Tooke.jpg c.1027
Kiev
Son of Yaroslav I the Wise and Ingigerda of Sweden
1073-1076 Cecilia of Dithmarschen [13]
Between 1043 and 1047
five children

Oda of Staden (Nordmark)
c.1065
one son
27 December 1076
Kiev
aged 48–49
A brief ruler during his brother Iziaslav's official reign.
Vsevolod I
Vsevolod Andrew Yaroslavich
(Всеволод Ярославич)
Old Norse: Vissivald Jarizleifsson
Vsevolod yaroslavich.jpg c.1030
Son of Yaroslav I the Wise and Ingigerda of Sweden
1078-1093 Anastasia of Byzantium
c.1053
two children

Anna of Cumania
c.1070
four children
13 April 1093
Vyshhorod
aged 62–63
Usurped the throne from his nephew, Yaropolk Iziaslavich.
Saint Yaropolk (III) Izyaslavich
Yaropolk Peter Iziaslavich
(Ярополк Ізяславич)
Old Norse: Iaropolk Izjasleifsson (?)
Saint Yaropolk.jpg c.1043
Son of Iziaslav I and Gertrude of Poland
1078-1087 Kunigunde of Meissen
c.1071
four children
22 November 1087
Zvenyhorod
aged 62–63
As hereditary King of Rus (title assumed until his death), was a legitimate contestant for the throne, usurped by his uncle.
Sviatopolk II
Sviatopolk Michael Iziaslavich
(Всеволод Ярославич)
Old Norse: Sveinpolk Izjasleifsson (?)
14 History Of Russia by William Tooke.jpg 8 November 1050
Son of Iziaslav I and Gertrude of Poland
1093-1113 Unknown name
(daughter of Spytihněv II of Bohemia)[14]
c.1085
three children

Olenna of the Kipchaks
c.1094
four children
26 April 1113
Vyshhorod
aged 62
Recovered the throne of his father from his uncle. However, his descendants lost their rights to the Kievan throne.
Vladimir II Monomakh
Vladimir Basil Vsevolodovich
(Володимир Мономах)
Old Norse: Valdamarr Vissivaldsson
Vladimir-II-Vsevolodovich Monomakh.jpg 1053
Son of Vsevolod I and Anastasia of Byzantium
1113-1125 Gytha of Wessex
c.1074
five or six children

Euphemia of Byzantium
c.1100
six or seven children

Unknown name
(daughter of Aepa Ocenevich, Khan in Cumania)
After 1107
no known children
19 May 1125
Kiev
aged 71–72
He is considered to be the last ruler of the united Kievan Rus'.
Mstislav I the Great
Mstislav Theodore Vladimirovich
(Мстислав Великий)
Old Norse: Haraldr Valdamarrsson
Mstislav I of Kiev (Tsarskiy titulyarnik).jpg 1 June 1076
Turov
Son of Vladimir II Monomakh and Gytha of Wessex
1125-1132 Christina of Sweden
1095
ten children

Liubava Dmitrievna of Novgorod
1122
two children
14 April 1132
Kiev
aged 55
After his reign Kievan Rus' fell into recession starting a rapid decline.

Decline of Kievan Rus'[edit]

After the Council of Liubech in 1097 Kievan Rus' entered a feudal period and was divided into principalities ruled by the Rurikid family princes who were in a constant power struggle with each other. Major principalities were: Galicia-Volhynia, Kiev, Chernigiv, and Pereyaslavl. In the period of 1240–1362, the three latter ones were forced to accept the Golden Horde overlordship.

(Note: the adopted numbering for the three principalities follows individually the Kievan Rus'.)


  Principality of Kiev   Principality of Chernigov   Principality of Pereyaslavl

Rurik Dynasty[edit]

Ruler Born Reign Death Ruling part Consort Notes
David I Sviatoslavich Death of David Sviatoslavich of Chernigov; Ascension of his brother, Yaroslav Sviatoslavich.jpg 1050 1097-1123 1123 Chernigov Teodosia
five children
Son of Sviatoslav II of Kiev.
Vladimir II Monomakh Vladimir-II-Vsevolodovich Monomakh.jpg 1053 1097-1113 19 May 1125 Pereyaslavl Gytha of Wessex
c.1074
five or six children

Euphemia of Byzantium
c.1100
six or seven children

Unknown name
(daughter of Aepa Ocenevich, Khan in Cumania)
After 1107
no known children
Ruled against his relative Sviatopolk II until his own accession to the throne in 1113.
Sviatoslav III Vladimirovich ? 1113-1114 6 March 1114 Pereyaslavl Unmarried Son of Vladimir II Monomakh.
Yaropolk II Yaropolk II Vladimirovich.jpg 1082 1114-1132 18 February 1139 Pereyaslavl Helena of Ossetia
1116
one child
Brother of Mstislav I.
Yaroslav II Constantine Death of David Sviatoslavich of Chernigov; Ascension of his brother, Yaroslav Sviatoslavich.jpg 1070 1123-1127 1129 Chernigov Unknown
three children
Brother of his predecessor.
Vsevolod II Vsevolod II Olgovich.jpg 1104 1127-1139 1 August 1146 Chernigov Maria of Rus'
1116
one child
Grandson of Sviatoslav II of Rus', married Maria, sister of Mstislav I, Yaropolk II and Viacheslav I.
Yaropolk II Yaropolk II Vladimirovich.jpg 1082 1132–1139 18 February 1139 Kiev Helena of Ossetia
1116
one child
Brother of Mstislav I.
Vsevolod II Vsevolod of Pskov.jpg 1103 1132 11 February 1138 Pereyaslavl Anna
before 1125
four children
Son of Mstislav I the Great.
Yuri I the Long-Armed Dolgorukiy titularnik.jpg 1099 1132 15 May 1157 Pereyaslavl Two wives
fifteen children
Son of Vladimir II Monomakh. 1st time
Iziaslav II 20 History Of Russia by William Tooke.jpg 1096[15] 1132-1133 13 November 1154[15] Pereyaslavl Agnes of Germany
before 1151
five children

Rusudan of Georgia[15]
1154
no children
Son of Mstislav I. 1st time.
Viacheslav I 18 History Of Russia by William Tooke.jpg 1083 1133-1134 2 February 1154 Pereyaslavl Unmarried
before 1139
one child
1st time. Deposed.
Yuri I the Long-Armed Dolgorukiy titularnik.jpg 1099 1134-1135 15 May 1157 Pereyaslavl Two wives
fifteen children
2nd time.
Andrew I the Good 11 August 1102 1135-1141 22 January 1141 Pereyaslavl Unknown
c.1117
two children
Son of Vladimir II Monomakh.
Vladimir II Davidovich ? 1139-1151 12 May 1151 Chernigov Unknown
1144
one child
Son of his predecessor.
Viacheslav I 18 History Of Russia by William Tooke.jpg 1083 1139 2 February 1154 Kiev Unmarried
before 1139
one child
1st time. Deposed.
Vsevolod II Vsevolod II Olgovich.jpg 1104 1139-1146 1 August 1146 Kiev Maria of Rus'
1116
one child
Grandson of Sviatoslav II of Rus', married Maria, sister of Mstislav I, Yaropolk II and Viacheslav I.
Iziaslav II 20 History Of Russia by William Tooke.jpg 1096[15] 1141-1146 13 November 1154[15] Pereyaslavl Agnes of Germany
before 1151
five children

Rusudan of Georgia[15]
1154
no children
2nd time.
Saint Igor II CvKnyazIgor.jpg 1096 1146 19 September 1147 Kiev Unmarried Brother of Vsevolod II. Deposed.
Iziaslav II 20 History Of Russia by William Tooke.jpg 1096[15] 1146-1149 13 November 1154[15] Kiev Agnes of Germany
before 1151
five children

Rusudan of Georgia[15]
1154
no children
Son of Mstislav I. 1st time.
Mstislav II the Brave Mstislav Izjaslavich.jpg 1125 1146-1149 19 August 1170 Pereyaslavl Agnes of Poland
1151
three children
Son of Iziaslav II. 1st time.
Rostislav [ ? 1149-1151 1151 Pereyaslavl Unknown
before 1151
three children
Son of Yuri I.
Yuri I the Long-Armed Dolgorukiy titularnik.jpg 1099 1149-1151 15 May 1157 Kiev Two wives
fifteen children
Son of Vladimir II Monomakh. 1st time.
Iziaslav II Izyaslav III Davidovich.jpg 1115 1151-1154 6 March 1161 Chernigov Unknown
one child
Grandson of Sviatoslav II. 1st time
Mstislav II the Brave Mstislav Izjaslavich.jpg 1125 1151-1154 19 August 1170 Pereyaslavl Agnes of Poland
1151
three children
2nd time.
Viacheslav I 18 History Of Russia by William Tooke.jpg 1083 1151-1154 2 February 1154 Kiev Unmarried
before 1139
one child
2nd time.
Iziaslav II 20 History Of Russia by William Tooke.jpg 1096[15] 1151-1154 13 November 1154[15] Kiev Agnes of Germany
before 1151
five children

Rusudan of Georgia[15]
1154
no children
2nd time, co-ruling with Viacheslav I
Sviatoslav III Olgovich March to Chernigov; Sviatoslav Olgovich in his deathbed, with his wife and sons.jpg 1106/1107 1154-1155 1164 Chernigov Unknown
six children
Grandson of Sviatoslav II. 1st time.
Rostislav I Rostislav I.jpg 1110 1154 14 March 1167 Kiev Unknown
eight children
Brother of Iziaslav II. 1st time.
Iziaslav III Izyaslav III Davidovich.jpg 1115 1154-1155 6 March 1161 Kiev Unknown
one child
Grandson of Sviatoslav II. 1st time.
Gleb Marriage of Gleb of Kiev with Iziaslavna of Chernigov.jpg 1125 1154-1169 20 January 1171 Pereyaslavl Unknown
1154
three children
Son of Yuri I.
Iziaslav II Izyaslav III Davidovich.jpg 1115 1155-1157 6 March 1161 Chernigov Unknown
one child
2nd time.
Yuri I the Long-Armed Dolgorukiy titularnik.jpg 1099 1155-1157 15 May 1157 Kiev Two wives
fifteen children
2nd time.
Sviatoslav III Olgovich March to Chernigov; Sviatoslav Olgovich in his deathbed, with his wife and sons.jpg 1106/1107 1157-1164 1164 Chernigov Unknown
six children
2nd time.
Iziaslav III Izyaslav III Davidovich.jpg 1115 1157-1158 6 March 1161 Kiev Unknown
one child
2nd time.
Rostislav I Rostislav I.jpg 1110 1158-1167 14 March 1167 Kiev Unknown
eight children
Brother of Iziaslav II. 2nd time. In 1162 jointly with Iziaslav III
Iziaslav III Izyaslav III Davidovich.jpg 1115 1162 6 March 1161 Kiev Unknown
one child
Grandson of Sviatoslav II. 3rd time. Ruled jointly with Rostislav I
Sviatoslav IV Sviatoslav III.jpg 1123 1164-1180 25 July 1194 Chernigov Maria of Polotsk
1143
eight children
Son of Vsevolod II.
Mstislav II the Brave Mstislav Izjaslavich.jpg 1125 1167-1169 19 August 1170 Kiev Agnes of Poland
1151
three children
Son of Iziaslav II. 1st time.
Gleb Marriage of Gleb of Kiev with Iziaslavna of Chernigov.jpg 1125 1169 20 January 1171 Kiev Unknown
1154
three children
Son of Yuri I. 1st time.
Vladimir III Marriage of Gleb of Kiev with Iziaslavna of Chernigov.jpg 1157 1169-1187 18 April 1187 Pereyaslavl Unknown
1180
no children
Son of his predecessor.
Mstislav II the Brave Mstislav Izjaslavich.jpg 1125 1170 19 August 1170 Kiev Agnes of Poland
1151
three children
2nd time.
Gleb Marriage of Gleb of Kiev with Iziaslavna of Chernigov.jpg 1125 1170-1171 20 January 1171 Kiev Unknown
1154
three children
2nd time.
Vladimir III Mstislavich Flight of Vladimir Mstislavich to Hungary; Vladimir with his brother-in-law, Géza II of Hungary, and his wife and sister of Vladimir, Euphrosyne of Kiev.jpg 1132 1171 1173 Kiev Unknown
1150
four children
Son of Mstislav I.
Michael I Великий князь Михаил Юрьевич (фрагмент).jpeg 1151 1171 20 June 1176 Kiev Theodosia
before 1176
two children
Son of Yuri I.
Roman I RomanI.jpg before 1149 1171-1173 14 June 1180 Kiev Maria of Novgorod
9 January 1149
three children
Son of Rostislav I. 1st time.
Vsevolod III the Big Nest Vsevolod III the Big Nest.jpg 1151 1173 20 June 1176 Kiev Maria Shvarnovna
fourteen children

Liubava Vasilkovna of Vitebsk
1209
no children
Son of Yuri I.
Rurik II Rurik II.jpg before 1157 1173 1215 Kiev Unknown
1163

Anna of Turov[16]
before 1176
six children
Son of Yuri I. 1st time.
Sviatoslav III Sviatoslav III.jpg 1123 1174 25 July 1194 Kiev Maria of Polotsk
1143
eight children
Son of Vsevolod II. 1st time.
Yaroslav II Ярослав Изяславович.png 1132 1174-1175 1180 Kiev Unknown
1149
four children
Son of Yuri I. 1st time.
Roman I RomanI.jpg before 1149 1175-1177 14 June 1180 Kiev Maria of Novgorod
9 January 1149
three children
Son of Rostislav I. 2nd time.
Sviatoslav III Sviatoslav III.jpg 1123 1177-1180 25 July 1194 Kiev Maria of Polotsk
1143
eight children
2nd time.
Yaroslav II Vsevolodovich 1139 1180-1198 1198 Chernigov Irene[17][18][19]
before 1171
three children
Son of Vsevolod II.
Yaroslav II Ярослав Изяславович.png 1132 1180 1180 Kiev Unknown
1149
four children
2nd time.
Rurik II Rurik II.jpg before 1157 1180-1182 1215 Kiev Unknown
1163

Anna of Turov[16]
before 1176
six children
2nd time.
Sviatoslav III Sviatoslav III.jpg 1123 1182-1194 25 July 1194 Kiev Maria of Polotsk
1143
eight children
2nd time.
Yaroslav II the Red ? 1187-1199 1199 Pereyaslavl Unmarried Grandson of Yuri I.
Rurik II Rurik II.jpg before 1157 1194-1202 1215 Kiev Unknown
1163

Anna of Turov[16]
before 1176
six children
3rd time.
Igor II the Brave Пам'ятник князю Ігорю. Новгород-Сіверський.JPG 3 April 1151 1198-1201 1201 Chernigov Euphrosyne Yaroslavna of Halych[20]
before 1170
five children
Son of Sviastoslav (IV) Olgovich.
Yaroslav III 26 History Of Russia by William Tooke.jpg 8 February 1191 1199-1206 30 September 1246 Pereyaslavl Unknown
1205
no children

Rostislava of Novgorod
1214
(annulled 1216)
no children

Theodosia of Ryazan
1218
twelve children
Son of Vsevolod III of Kiev.
Vsevolod III the Red ? 1201-1212 August 1212 Kiev Maria of Poland
14 October or 24 December 1178[21] or 14 November 1179
one child
Son of Sviatoslav V. Co-ruling with his brother Oleg (III).
Oleg II Sviatoslavich ? 1202-1204 1204 Chernigov Unknown
1176
two children
Son of Sviatoslav V. Co-ruling with his brother Vsevolod III.
Igor III 1152 1202-1203 1220 Kiev Unknown
five children
Son of Yaroslav II. 1st time
Rurik II Rurik II.jpg before 1157 1203-1205 1215 Kiev Unknown
1163

Anna of Turov[16]
before 1176
six children
4th time.
Roman II the Great Roman Mstislavich , Roman of Halych, Roman the Great.jpg 1152 1204-1205 19 June 1205 Kiev Predslava of Kiev
1170 or 1180
two children

Anna Angelina of Byzantium
c.1197
two children
Son-in-law of Rurik II. Also King of Galicia-Volhynia.
Rostislav II Death of Rostislav Rurikovich (II of Kiev).jpg 13 April 1172 1204-1205 3 March 1218 Kiev Verchoslava of Kiev
15 June 1187
one child
Son of Rurik II and son-in-law of Vsevolod III. Ruled with Roman, his brother-in-law.
Rurik II Rurik II.jpg before 1157 1206 1215 Kiev Unknown
1163

Anna of Turov[16]
before 1176
six children
5th time.
Saint Michael I Michael of Chernigov 1688.jpg 1185 1206 20 September 1246 Pereyaslavl Helena of Galicia-Volhynia
1210 or 1211[22]
seven children
Son of Vsevolod IV of Kiev.
Vladimir IV Vladimir4.jpg Between September and December 1187 1206-1213 3 March 1239 Pereyaslavl unknown
before 1239
four children
Son of Rurik II.
Vsevolod IV the Red ? 1206-1207 August 1212 Kiev Maria of Poland
14 October or 24 December 1178[23] or 14 November 1179
one child
Son of Sviatoslav III. 1st time
Rurik II Rurik II.jpg before 1157 1207-1210 1215 Kiev Unknown
1163

Anna of Turov[16]
before 1176
six children
6th and last time.
Vsevolod IV the Red ? 1210-1212 August 1212 Kiev Maria of Poland
14 October or 24 December 1178[24] or 14 November 1179
one child
2nd time.
Rurik II Rurik II.jpg before 1157 1212-1215[25] 1215 Chernigov Unknown
1163

Anna of Turov[16]
before 1176
six children
Igor III 1152 1212-1214 1220 Kiev Unknown
five children
Son of Yaroslav II. 2nd time
Vladimir V Vsevolodovich 26 October 1192 1213-1215[26] 6 January 1227 Pereyaslavl unknown
before 1239
four children
Son of Vsevolod III of Kiev. After his death the Principality was integrated on the Principality of Yaroslavl and then on the Principality of Vladimir.
Mstislav III the Old Mstislav III the Old.jpg 1156 1214-1223 2 June 1223 Kiev Unknown
1116
seven children
Son of Roman II.
Gleb I c.1168 1215-1217 1215 or 1220[27] Chernigov Anastasia of Kiev
1183
three children
Son-in-law of Rurik II.
Mstislav I c.1168 1217-1223 31 May 1223 Chernigov Yasynya-Marfa Shvarnovna
1183
four children
Brother-in-law of Vsevolod the Big Nest.
Saint Michael I Michael of Chernigov 1688.jpg 1185 1223-1234 20 September 1246 Chernigov Helena of Galicia-Volhynia
1210 or 1211[22]
seven children
Son of Vsevolod III. 1st time
Vladimir IV Vladimir4.jpg Between September and December 1187 1223-1233 3 March 1239 Kiev unknown
before 1239
four children
Son of Rurik II.
Iziaslav IV 1186 1233-1236 1255 Kiev Agafia
no children
Son of Mstislav III.
Mstislav II before 1215/1220 1234-1239 after 18 October 1239 Chernigov Unknown
before 1239
two children
Yaroslav III 26 History Of Russia by William Tooke.jpg 8 February 1191 1236-1238 30 September 1246 Kiev Unknown
1205
no children

Rostislava of Novgorod
1214
(annulled 1216)
no children

Theodosia of Ryazan
1218
twelve children
Son of Vsevolod III. 1st time
Saint Michael II Michael of Chernigov 1688.jpg 1185 1238-1239 20 September 1246 Kiev Helena of Galicia-Volhynia
1210 or 1211[22]
seven children
Son of Vsevolod IV. 1st time
Rostislav I after 1210 1239-1243 1262 Chernigov Anna of Hungary
1243
five children
Son of Michael I.
Rostislav III after 1210 1239 1262 Kiev Anna of Hungary
1243
five children
Son of Michael II.
Daniel I Yurko Shkvarok.Istoriya Ukrajiny-Rusy virshamy-11.png 1201 1239-1240 1264 Kiev Anna of Novgorod
1218
ten children

Unknown
before 1252
no children
Son of Roman II. Also King of Galicia-Volhynia.
Saint Michael II Michael of Chernigov 1688.jpg 1185 1241-1246 20 September 1246 Kiev Helena of Galicia-Volhynia
1210 or 1211[22]
seven children
2nd time
Saint Michael I Michael of Chernigov 1688.jpg 1185 1243-1246 20 September 1246 Chernigov Helena of Galicia-Volhynia
1210 or 1211[22]
seven children
2nd time, co-ruling with Andrew I.
Andrew I Mstislavich[28] ? 1245-1246 1246 Chernigov Unknown Son of Mstislav II. Co-ruling with Michael II.
Yaroslav III 26 History Of Russia by William Tooke.jpg 8 February 1191 1246 30 September 1246 Kiev Unknown
1205
no children

Rostislava of Novgorod
1214
(annulled 1216)
no children

Theodosia of Ryazan
1218
twelve children
2nd time
Andrew II Vsevolodovich ? 1246-1263 1263 Chernigov Unknown Son of Vsevolod III and brother of Michael I.
Saint Alexander Nevsky Alexander Nevsky, Russian School 19th-20th century.jpg 13 May 1221 1246-1263 14 November 1263 Kiev Praskovia-Alexandra of Polotsk
1239
five children

Vassilissa
before 1263
n children
Son of his predecessor.
Yaroslav IV 28 History Of Russia by William Tooke.jpg 1230 1263-1272 16 September 1272 Kiev Natalia
before 1252
two children

Saint Xenia of Tarusa
1265
four children
Brother of his predecessor.
Leo I Łukasz Doliński Portret kniazia Lwa.jpg 1228 1272-1301 1301 Kiev Constance of Hungary
1116
one child
Son of Daniel I. Also King of Galicia-Volhynia. After his death in 1301, Kiev fell in the hands of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. Util at least 1362, were installed Lithuanian governors in Kiev, like Olgimont-Mykhailo (Algimantas Alšėniškis)[29] and Feodor (Teodoras Butvydaitis).

Kings and Princes of Galicia-Volhynia (1199–1349)[edit]

Galicia-Volhynia was a Ruthenian (Ukrainian) state in Galicia and Volhynia. Depending on the title of the ruler it was called either principality or kingdom. The first king, Coloman of Galicia-Lodomeria, was crowned in 1215, although the first nominal king of Galicia was Andrew II of Hungary, the son of Béla III of Hungary, who reigned from 1188 to 1190.

Portrait Name Born-Died Ruled From Ruled Until
Roman Mstislavich , Roman of Halych, Roman the Great.jpg Roman II the Great, Prince of Novgorod (1168–1170), Prince of Volhynia (1170–1188, 1189–1205), Prince of Halych (1188, 1199–1205), and Grand Prince of Kiev (1204–1205) fl.1160–1205 1199 1205
Kalman herceg.jpg Coloman of Galicia-Lodomeria, Hungarian prince Kálmán, Prince of Halych (1214–15), became the first anointed and crowned and King of Galicia-Volhynia (rex Galiciae et Lodomeriae) in 1215 1208–1241 1214 1219
Daniel I of Galicia, held many titles since early childhood culminating with the crowning by a papal legate, archbishop Opizo, in Dorohychyn in 1253, King of Rus', Grand Prince of Kiev 1201–1264 1205 1264
Lev Danylovich of Halych.PNG Lev I, King of Rus', Prince of Belz (1245–1264), Prince of Peremyshl and Halych (1264–1269) who moved the capital of Galicia from Kholm to Lviv in 1272, Grand Prince of Kiev (1271–1301) 1228–1301 1293 1301
Юрій І Львович.png Yuri I, King of Rus', Prince of Belz (1264–1301) fl.1252–1308 1301 1308
Lev II of Galicia.jpg Andrew II and Lev II, Kings of Rus', princes, joint rule, the last members of the Rurikid dynasty to rule Ukraine ?–1323 1308 1323
Yuri II Boleslav.jpg Yuri II-Boleslaw, natus dux et dominus Russiae, a member of the Piast dynasty (the first historical ruling dynasty of Poland) 1308–1340 1325 1340
Liubartas King Galicia-Volhynia.jpg Liubartas, prince, a member of the Gediminid dynasty, the last Ruthenian-Lithuanian ruler of Galicia-Volhynia, Prince of Volhynia (1323–1384) c. 1300–1384 1340 1349

In 1349, Liubartas lost all territories, except for eastern Volhynia, to Casimir III of Poland. In 1366, a Polish-Lithuanian treaty was signed: eastern Volhynia with Lutsk retained under Liubartas' rule (the Grand Duchy of Lithuania), while Galicia, western Volhynia, and western Podolia were annexed by the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland.

In the Grand Duchy of Lithuania (1362–1569) and Kingdom of Poland (1569–1667/1793)[edit]

Princes of Kiev

In early 1320s, a Lithuanian army led by Gediminas defeated a Slavic army led by Stanislav of Kiev at the Battle on the Irpen' River, and conquered the city. The Tatars, who also claimed Kiev, retaliated in 1324–1325, so while Kiev was ruled by a Lithuanian prince, it had to pay a tribute to the Golden Horde. Finally, as a result of the Battle of Blue Waters in 1362, Kiev and surrounding areas were incorporated into the Grand Duchy of Lithuania by Algirdas, Grand Duke of Lithuania.

Kostiantyn Vasyl Ostrozky

Voivodes of Kiev

When the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth was formed by the Union of Lublin in 1569, Kiev and surrounding areas, Podolia, Volhynia, and Podlaskie, as the Kiev Voivodeship, Bratslav Voivodeship, Volhynian Voivodeship, and Podlaskie Voivodeship, were transferred from Lithuania to Poland.

Crimean khans (1441–1783)[edit]

Crimean Tatars were not of the Ukrainian ethnos. Their Crimean Khanate ruled a large part of modern Ukraine, with a capital at Bakhchisaray.

Meñli I Giray (centre) with the eldest son, future khan Mehmed I Giray (left) and Turkish sultan Bayezid II (right)
İslâm III. Giray
Date of Reign Name Notes
1441–1466 Hacı I Giray
1466–1467 Nur Devlet first reign
1467 Meñli I Giray first reign
1467–1469 Nur Devlet second reign
1469–1475 Meñli I Giray second reign
1475 Hayder
1475–1476 Nur Devlet third reign
1476–1478 dynasty dismissed from power
1478–1515 Meñli I Giray third reign
1515–1523 Mehmed I Giray
1523–1524 Ğazı I Giray
1524–1532 Saadet I Giray
1532 İslâm I Giray
1532–1551 Sahib I Giray
1551–1577 Devlet I Giray
1577–1584 Mehmed II Giray
1584 Saadet II Giray
1584–1588 İslâm II Giray
1588–1596 Ğazı II Giray first reign
1596 Fetih I Giray
1596–1607 Ğazı II Giray second reign
1607–1608 Toqtamış Giray
1608–1610 Selâmet I Giray
1610–1623 Canibek Giray first reign
1623–1628 Mehmed III Giray
1628–1635 Canibek Giray second reign
1635–1637 İnayet Giray
1637–1641 Bahadır I Giray
1641–1644 Mehmed IV Giray first reign
1644–1654 İslâm III Giray
1654–1666 Mehmed IV Giray second reign
1666–1671 Adil Giray
1671–1678 Selim I Giray first reign
1678–1683 Murad Giray
1683–1684 Hacı II Giray
1684–1691 Selim I Giray second reign
1691 Saadet III Giray
1691–1692 Safa Giray
1692–1699 Selim I Giray third reign
1699–1702 Devlet II Giray first reign
1702–1704 Selim I Giray fourth reign
1704–1707 Ğazı III Giray
1707–1708 Qaplan I Giray first reign
1709–1713 Devlet II Giray second reign
1713–1715 Qaplan I Giray second reign
1716–1717 Devlet III Giray
1717–1724 Saadet IV Giray
1724–1730 Meñli II Giray first reign
1730–1736 Qaplan I Giray third reign
1736–1737 Fetih II Giray
1737–1740 Meñli II Giray second reign
1740–1743 Selamet II Giray
1743–1748 Selim II Giray
1748–1756 Arslan Giray first reign
1756–1758 Halim Giray
1758–1764 Qırım Giray first reign
1765–1767 Selim III Giray first reign
1767 Arslan Giray second reign
1767–1768 Maqsud Giray
1768–1769 Qırım Giray second reign
1769–1770 Devlet IV Giray first reign
1770 Qaplan II Giray
1770–1771 Selim III Giray second reign
1771–1775 Sahib II Giray
1775–1777 Devlet IV Giray second reign
1777–1782 Şahin Giray first reign
1782 Bahadır II Giray
1782–1783 Şahin Giray second reign
† The reigns of Canibek Giray in 1624 and of Maqsud Giray in 1771–1772 are not listed. Though these khans were formally appointed by Ottoman sultans they did not reach the throne and did not rule Crimea. In the years mentioned, the authority in the Crimean Khanate was exercised by Mehmed III Giray and Sahib II Giray correspondingly.
Note: The nominal khans Şahbaz Giray (1787–1789) and Baht Giray (1789–1792) mentioned in some works are not listed in this table as they did not rule the Crimean Khanate annexed by Russian Empire in 1783.

Hetmans of Ukrainian Cossacks (1506–1775)[edit]

A Hetman was a military and civil leader, democratically elected by the Cossacks.

Hetmans and commanders of Ukrainian Cossacks[edit]

Several Cossack regiments were operating in Ukraine at this time that were largely independent of each other, so some of the Hetmans' tenures overlap.

1486 - 1492 Alex K Juri Pac.svg  Yuri Pats   governor of Kyiv; organizer Cossack units.
1488 - 1495 Alex K Bohdan Glinskyi.svg  Bogdan Glinski   Cossack leader, destroyer Ochakov.
1492 - 1505 Alex K Dmytro Putyatych.svg  Dmitry Putyatych  Cossack leader.
1510 - 1524 Alex K No image.svg  Senka Polozovych   governor of Kyiv; Cossack leader.
1514 - 1535 Alex K Ostafiy Dashkevysh.svg  Ostap Dashkevych  Cossack leader.
1516 - 1528 Alex K Predslav Lyancskoronskyi.svg  Przecław Lanckoroński   Cossack leader.
1550 - 1557 Alex K Korybut-Wyshnevetski.svg  Dmytro Vyshnevetsky   founder of the fortress at Minor Khortytsia.
1568 Alex K No image.svg  Birulya governmental   Cossack leader.
1568 Alex K No image.svg  Carp Oil   Cossack leader.
1568 Alex K No image.svg  Andrush   Moldavian boyar Cossack leader.
1568 Alex K No image.svg  Lisun   Cossack leader.
1568 Alex K No image.svg  Yatsko Belous   Cossack leader.
1568 Alex K Samiylo Kishka.svg  Andrew Lyakh   Cossack leader.
1577 - 1578 Alex K No image.svg  Ioan Potcoavă   Cossack leader.
1578 Alex K Lukyan Chornynskyi.svg  Lukyan Chornynskyy   Cossack leader, hetman.
1581 Alex K Ostafiy Hohol.svg  Samuel Zborowski   Cossack leader, hetman.
1584 Alex K No image.svg  Bogdan Mykoshynskyy   Cossack leader, hetman.
1585 Alex K Ruzhynskyi.svg  Michael Ruzhinskogo   Cossack leader, hetman.
1585 Alex K Ruzhynskyi.svg  Kirik Ruzhinskogo   Cossack leader, hetman.
1585 Alex K No image.svg  Zachary Kulaga   Cossack leader, hetman.
1586 Alex K Lukyan Chornynskyi.svg  Lukyan Chornynskyy   Cossack leader, hetman.
1586 Alex K No image.svg  Bogdan Makoshynskyy   Cossack leader, hetman.
1588 Alex K No image.svg  Potrebatskyy   Cossack leader, hetman.
1589 Alex K No image.svg  Zachary Kulaga   Cossack leader, hetman.
1594 Alex K No image.svg  Bogdan Mykoshynskyy   Cossack leader, hetman.
1594 - 1596 Alex K Hryhoriy Loboda.svg  Hryhoriy Loboda   Cossack leader.
1594 - 1596 Alex K Ostafiy Hohol.svg  Severyn Nalyvaiko   Cossack leader.
1596 Alex K No image.svg  Matthew Shaul   Cossack leader, hetman.
1596 Alex K Kryshtof Krempskyi.svg  Krzysztof Krempskyy   Cossack leader, hetman.
1596 Alex K Kryshtof Nechkovskyi.svg  Krzysztof Nechkovskyy   Cossack leader, hetman.
1596 - 1597 Alex K Chmelnitskyi.svg  Gnat Vasiljevic   Cossack leader, hetman.
1597 Alex K Tykhin Bajbuza.svg  Tykhin Baybuza   Cossack leader, hetman.
1598 Alex K No image.svg  Florian Giedroyc   Cossack leader.
1598 Alex K No image.svg  Mitlovskyy   Cossack leader.
1602 - 1603 Alex K No image.svg  John Kutskovych   Cossack leader, hetman.
1603 Alex K No image.svg  John Oblique   Cossack leader, hetman.
1606 Alex K No image.svg  Gregory Izapovych   Cossack leader, hetman.
1606 Alex K Ostafiy Hohol.svg  Samuel Zborowski   Cossack leader, hetman.
1606 Alex K No image.svg  Olevchenko Bogdan   Cossack leader, hetman.
1617 Alex K No image.svg  Dmitry Barabash   Cossack leader, hetman.
1618 Alex K No image.svg  Michael Skiba   Cossack leader.
1619 - 1621 Alex K No image.svg   Yatsko Nerodych   Cossack leader, hetman.
1620 Alex K No image.svg  Peter Odynets   Cossack leader.
1624 Sulima herb.svg  Hryhoriy Chorny   Cossack leader, hetman.
1625 Sulima herb.svg  Theodore Pyrskyy   Cossack leader, hetman.
1628 Sulima herb.svg  Hryhoriy Chorny   Cossack leader, hetman.
1629 - 1630 Sulima herb.svg  Hryhoriy Chorny   Cossack leader, hetman.
1630 Alex K Juri Pac.svg  Taras Fedorovych   Cossack leader, hetman.
1632 Alex K No image.svg  Simon Tying   Cossack leader, hetman.
1632 Alex K No image.svg  Andrey Didenko   Cossack leader, hetman.
1633 Alex K Mykhailo Doroshenko.svg  Dorofiy Doroshenko   Cossack leader, acting hetman.
1633 Alex K No image.svg  kettlebell Kanevets   Cossack leader.
1633 - 1635 Sulima herb.svg  Ivan Sulyma   Cossack leader, hetman.
1636 - 1637 Alex K No image.svg  Basil Tomylenko   Cossack leader, hetman.
1637 Alex K No image.svg  Pavel Mikhnovych   Cossack leader, hetman.
1638 POL COA Kopacz.svg  James Ostrainyn   Cossack leader, hetman.
1638 Alex K No image.svg  Dmytro Hunia   Cossack leader, hetman.
1639 - 1642 Alex K No image.svg  Carp half-housings   Cossack leader, hetman.
1642 - 1646 Alex K No image.svg  Maxim Gulak   Cossack leader, hetman.

Hetmans of the Cossack state[edit]

Following the Khmelnytsky uprising a new Cossack republic, the Hetmanate, was formed.

# Hetman Elected (event) Took office Left office
1 BChmielnicki.jpg Alex K Chmelnitskyi.svg Bohdan Khmelnytsky
(1596–1657)
Зиновій-Богдан Хмельницький
1648 (Sich) 26 January 1648 6 August 1657 died
2 Yurii Khmelnytsky.png Alex K Chmelnitskyi.svg Yurii Khmelnytsky
(1641–1685)
Юрій Хмельницький
death of his father 6 August 1657 27 August 1657 reconsidered by the Council of Officers
3 Iwan Wyhowski.PNG Alex K Ivan Vygovskyi.svg Ivan Vyhovsky
(????–1664)
Іван Виговський
1657 (Korsun) 27 August 1657
(confirmed: 21 October 1657)
11 September 1659 surrendered title
4 Yurii Khmelnytsky.png Alex K Chmelnitskyi.svg Yurii Khmelnytsky
(1641–1685)
Юрій Хмельницький
1659 (Hermanivka) 11 September 1659
(confirmed: 11 September 1659)
October 1662 surrendered title

Hetmans during the Ruin[edit]

The Ruin (1660–1687) was a time in Ukrainian history when the country fell into disarray and chaos. Afterwards, the Cossack state emerged as a vassal of the Russian Empire. During this period a number of hetmans stayed in power for short periods of time and often controlled only parts of the country. Moreover, the Treaty of Andrusovo (1667) split the Cossack Hetmanate along the Dnieper River into Left-bank Ukraine, which enjoyed a degree of autonomy within the Tsardom of Russia; and Right-bank Ukraine which remained part of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, at times (1672–1699) occupied by the Ottoman Empire.

Right-bank Ukraine Left-bank Ukraine
Polish protectorate
Russianй protectorate
1660—1663 Alex K Chmelnitskyi.svg Yurii Khmelnytsky 1660—1663 Alex K No image.svg Yakym Somko
1663—1665 Alex K Pavlo Teteria.svg Pavlo Teteria 1663—1668 Alex K Ivan Briuhovetskyi.svg Ivan Briukhovetsky
1665—1668 Alex K Petro Doroshenko.svg Petro Doroshenko
Unification
1668—1669 Alex K Petro Doroshenko.svg Petro Doroshenko
Partition
Right-bank Ukraine Left-bank Ukraine
Osman protectorate
Polish protectorate
Russian protectorate
Swedish protectorate
1669—1676 Alex K Petro Doroshenko.svg Petro Doroshenko 1669—1674 Alex K Myhailo Hanenko.svg Mykhailo Khanenko 1669—1672 Alex K Demian Mnohohrishnyi.svg Demian Mnohohrishny
1678—1681 Alex K Chmelnitskyi.svg Yurii Khmelnytsky 1675—1679 Alex K Ostafiy Hohol.svg Ostap Gogol 1672—1687 Alex K Ivan Samoilovych.svg Ivan Samoilovych
1681—1684 Alex K No image.svg Gheorghe Duca 1683—1684 POL COA Sas II.svg Stefan Kunicki
1685 Alex K Chmelnitskyi.svg Yurii Khmelnytsky 1684—1689 POL COA Mohyła.svg Andrii Mohyła
1687—1708 Alex K Ivan Mazepa.svg Ivan Mazepa
Unification
1708—1722 Alex K Ivan Skoropadskyi.svg Ivan Skoropadsky 1708—1709 Alex K Ivan Mazepa.svg Ivan Mazepa
1708—1718 Alex K Pylyp Orlyk.svg Pylyp Orlyk
1718—1742 Alex K Pylyp Orlyk.svg Pylyp Orlyk 1722—1724 Alex K Pavlo Polubotok.svg Pavlo Polubotok
1727—1734 Alex K Danylo Apostol.svg Danylo Apostol
1750—1764 Alex K Rozumovski family.svg Kirill Razumovsky

In the Russian Empire (1667/1793–1917) and Austria-Hungary (1526/1772–1918)[edit]

After the dissolution of the Cossack Hetmanate, a new Malorossiyan collegium was established in 1764, and the Zaporozhian Host was disbanded in 1775. As a result of the second and third Partitions of Poland in 1793 and 1795, eastern and central parts of Ukraine were incorporated directly into the Russian Empire. Western Ukraine was annexed into the Habsburg Monarchy earlier, in the following order: Carpathian Ruthenia (1526), Galicia (1772), and Bukovina (1775).

The Russian Empire existed until 1917, and the Dual Monarchy, Austria–Hungary, existed until 1918.

Ukrainian People's Republic (1917–1921)[edit]

The Ukrainian People's Republic (UNR, 1917–1921) was formed after the Russian Revolution of 1917, and lasted until the Peace of Riga between Poland and Soviet Russia in March 1921. The leadership title varied and, despite a rather widespread misconception, none of them had the official title of president.

Chairmen of the Central Council[edit]

The Central Council (Tsentral’na rada) was the representative body governing the UNR.

  Ukrainian Socialist-Revolutionary Party

Portrait Name In Office From In Office Until Party
1 Hrushevskyi Mykhailo XX.jpg Mykhailo Hrushevskyi
1866–1934
27 March 1917 29 April 1918 Ukrainian Socialist-Revolutionary Party

Hetman of the Ukrainian State[edit]

A very short lived Hetmanate was established by Pavlo Skoropadskyi in 1918.

# Hetman Elected (event) Took office Left office
1 Skoropadsky - before 1917.jpg Alex K Ivan Skoropadskyi.svg Pavlo Skoropadskyi
1873–1945
Russian Revolution of 1917 29 April 1918 14 December 1918 Removed from power in an uprising led by the social democrat Symon Petliura

Chairmen of the Directory[edit]

The Directorate of Ukraine was a provisional council of the UNR formed after Skoropadskyi's Hetmanate fell apart. On 22 January 1919, the Act of Unification of the Ukrainian People's Republic and the West Ukrainian People's Republic was passed. The text of the universal was made by the members of the Directory.

  Ukrainian Social Democratic Labour Party

Portrait Name In Office From In Office Until Party
1 Vynnychenko.jpg Volodymyr Vynnychenko
1880–1951
14 December 1918 11 February 1919 Ukrainian Social Democratic Labour Party
2 Симон Петлюра.jpg Symon Petliura
1879–1926
11 February 1919 10 November 1920 Ukrainian Social Democratic Labour Party

West Ukrainian People's Republic (1918–1919)[edit]

The government of the West Ukrainian People's Republic (WUNR) was proclaimed on 19 October 1918. WUNR was united with the Ukrainian People's Republic on 22 January 1919, although it was mostly a symbolic act while the western Ukrainians retained their own Ukrainian Galician Army and government structure. After the Polish-Ukrainian War (1918–1919), Poland took over most of territory of the West Ukrainian People's Republic by July 1919. Since November 1919, the government of the WUNR was in exile.

President of the Ukrainian National Republic[edit]

  Ukrainian People's Labor Party

Portrait Name In Office From In Office Until Party
1 Petrushevych Yevhen.jpg Yevhen Petrushevych
1863–1940
19 October 1918 15 March 1923 Ukrainian People's Labor Party

President of the Carpatho-Ukraine[edit]

  Christian People's Party

Portrait Name In Office From In Office Until Party
1 Avgustyn Voloshyn.jpg Avgustyn Voloshyn
1874–1945
15 March 1939 16 March 1939 Christian People's Party

Ukrainian State (1941)[edit]

Prime Minister of the Ukrainian State[edit]

  Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists

Portrait Name In Office From In Office Until Party
1 Stecko.jpg Yaroslav Stetsko
1912–1986
30 June 1941 9 July 1941 Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists

Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (1918/1919–1991)[edit]

Ukraine was incorporated into the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on 30 December 1922.

Secretaries of the Central Committee of the Communist Party (Bolsheviks) of Ukraine

Mykola Skrypnyk

First Secretary of the Central Committee

Executive Secretary of the Central Committee

First Secretaries of the Communist Party

General Secretaries of the Central Committee

First Secretaries of the Central Committee

Nikita Khrushchev

Ukraine (1991 – present)[edit]

On 5 July 1991, the Verkhovna Rada of the Ukrainian SSR passed a law establishing the post of the President of the Ukrainian SSR. The title was changed to the President of Ukraine upon the proclamation of independence (24 August 1991). The first election of the President of Ukraine was held on 1 December 1991.

Presidents[edit]

  Independent / Non-partisan   Our Ukraine   Party of Regions   Batkivshchyna   Petro Poroshenko Bloc / UDAR

Portrait Presidents Term of office Presidential mandate Affiliation
1 Leonid Kravchuk.jpg Leonid Kravchuk
(b. 1934)
Леонід Кравчук
5 December 1991
Inauguration: 22 August 1992[a]
19 July 1994 1991 — 61.59%
19,643,481
Independent / Non-partisan
2 Kuchmaukraine.jpg Leonid Kuchma
(b. 1938)
Леонід Кучма
19 July 1994 14 November 1999 1994 — 52.3%
14,016,850
Independent / Non-partisan
14 November 1999 23 January 2005 1999 — 57.7%
15,870,722
3 Wiktor Juschtschenko, Präsident der Ukraine, in der Universität Zürich.jpg Viktor Yushchenko
(b. 1954)
Віктор Ющенко
23 January 2005 25 February 2010 2004 — 51.99%
15,115,712
Non-partisan (2004–2005)
Our Ukraine (2005–nowadays)
4 Viktor Yanukovych Greece 2011 (cropped).jpg Viktor Yanukovych
(b. 1950)
Віктор Янукович
25 February 2010 22 February 2014[b] 2010 — 48.95%
12,481,266
Non-partisan[30]
(Supported by Party of Regions)
Turchynov March 2014 (cropped).jpg Oleksandr Turchynov
(b. 1964)
Олександр Турчинов
(acting)
22 February 2014 7 June 2014 ex officio
(as Chairman of Parliament, Article 112)
Batkivshchyna
5 President Poroshenko Addresses the Media February 2015.jpg Petro Poroshenko
(b. 1965)
Петро Порошенко
7 June 2014 Incumbent 2014 — 54.70%
9,857,308
Non-partisan
(Supported by Petro Poroshenko Bloc & UDAR)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Definition of UKRAINIAN, Merriam-Webster
  2. ^ uk:Скіфські царі
  3. ^ Staraya Ladoga (Aldeigjuborg)
  4. ^ Nordiska furstar lade grunden till Ryssland
  5. ^ Suszko, Henryk (2003). Latopis hustyński. Opracowanie, przekład i komentarze. Slavica Wratislaviensia CXXIV. Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Wrocławskiego. ISBN 83-229-2412-7; Tolochko, Oleksiy (2010). The Hustyn' Chronicle. (Harvard Library of Early Ukrainian Literature: Texts). ISBN 978-1-932650-03-7
  6. ^ DNA Testing of the Rurikid and Gediminid Princes
  7. ^ Sveerne
  8. ^ Історія України: Посібник - Олександр Палій - Google книги
  9. ^ Leszek Moczulski, Narodziny Międzymorza, p.475, Bellona SA, Warszawa 2007 ISBN 978-83-11-10826-4
  10. ^ Vladimir Plougin: Russian Intelligence Services: The Early Years, 9th-11th Centuries, Algora Publ., 2000
  11. ^ History of Ukraine-Rus': From prehistory to the eleventh century, Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies Press, 1997
  12. ^ Also known as Jarisleif I. See Google books
  13. ^ [1]
  14. ^ According to A. Nazarenko. It was thought not long ago that the first wife of Sviatopolk was Barbara Komnene, a supposed daughter of Alexios I Komnenos. However, the lack of tradition of such a name in the Byzantine Empire led to doubt. Today she may be considered fictional.
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Monomakh branch (Mstyslavychi) at Izbornik
  16. ^ a b c d e f g Template:ВТ-МЭСБЕ
  17. ^ Charles Cawley (2009-03-14). "Russia, Rurikids - Grand Princes of Kiev, Princes of Chernigov, descendants of Sviatoslav II, Grand Prince of Kiev (fourth son of Iaroslav I)". Medieval Lands. Foundation of Medieval Genealogy. Retrieved 2009-04-10. 
  18. ^ Dimnik, Martin. The Dynasty of Chernigov - 1146-1246. 
  19. ^ The chroniclers neglect to reveal the identity of Yaroslav’s wife, but the Lyubetskiy sinodik calls her Irene; Dimnik, Martin op. cit. 121.
  20. ^ Basing their observations on the evidence of the Lay of Igor’s Campaign, a number of historians have suggested that her name was Evfrosinia and that she may have been Igor’s second wife; on the other hand, the chronicles neither give Yaroslavna’s name nor suggest that she was Igor’s second wife; Dimnik, Martin op. cit. 121.
  21. ^ Cawley, Charles (14 March 2009), Russia, Rurikids - Rostislav Mikhailovich died 1263, Medieval Lands database, Foundation for Medieval Genealogy, retrieved August 20122  Check date values in: |access-date= (help),[self-published source][better source needed]
  22. ^ a b c d e Thurston, Herbert (Editor). Butler’s Lives of the Saints - September. 
  23. ^ Cawley, Charles (14 March 2009), Russia, Rurikids - Rostislav Mikhailovich died 1263, Medieval Lands database, Foundation for Medieval Genealogy, retrieved August 20122  Check date values in: |access-date= (help),[self-published source][better source needed]
  24. ^ Cawley, Charles (14 March 2009), Russia, Rurikids - Rostislav Mikhailovich died 1263, Medieval Lands database, Foundation for Medieval Genealogy, retrieved August 20122  Check date values in: |access-date= (help),[self-published source][better source needed]
  25. ^ Some authors give Rurik II a two-year-reign (1210-1212), and attribute to Vsevolod the Red a second reign (1212-1215), which, in this case, would mean that Vsevolod died in 1215, and not in 1212.
  26. ^ До половецкого плена; Соловьёв С. М. История России с дневнейших времён
  27. ^ Dimnik, Martin. The Dynasty of Chernigov - 1146-1246. 
  28. ^ ДЖИОВАННИ ДЕЛЬ ПЛАНО КАРПИНИ. ИСТОРИЯ МОНГАЛОВ
  29. ^ http://izbornyk.org.ua/dynasty/dyn40.htm
  30. ^ Янукович припинив членство у Партії регіонів : Новини УНIАН