Shopping street (ulica Szeroka)
|County||Grodzisk Wielkopolski County|
|Gmina||Gmina Grodzisk Wielkopolski|
|• Mayor||Henryk Szymański|
|• Total||18.09 km2 (6.98 sq mi)|
|• Density||760/km2 (2,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Area code(s)||+48 61|
Grodzisk Wielkopolski [ˈɡrɔd͡ʑisk vʲɛlkɔˈpɔlskʲi] (German: Grätz) is a town in western Poland, in Greater Poland Voivodeship (Wielkopolskie), with a population of 13,703 (2006). It is 43 kilometres (27 mi) south-west of Poznań, the voivodeship capital. It is the seat of Grodzisk Wielkopolski County, and also of the smaller administrative district called Gmina Grodzisk Wielkopolski. The suffix "Wielkopolski" distinguishes it from the town of Grodzisk Mazowiecki in eastern Poland.
The settlement was first mentioned in 1257 by the name of Grodisze in a document by Przemysł I of Greater Poland. It was referred to as a village belonging to the Cistercians. The spelling of the town’s name has changed frequently. Other versions include: Grottische, Grodisce, Grozisce, Grodih, Grodziscz, Grodyscze, Grodzysko, Grodzisko, to the modern-day Grodzisk. The German name Grätz was also temporarily used.
The exact date when the town received its charter is unknown. Doucments say that the town definitely had its town charter in 1303.
The first Jews settled in the town at the beginning of the 16th century. The first document to back this up was in 1505, mentioning the Jew Abraham of Grodzisk In Yiddish and Hebrew, the town is known as גרידץ (Gritz or Gritza)
In 1563, the Stanisław Ostroróg school was founded.
In 1593, the census for Grodzisk Wielkopolski said that the population was approximately 1,160. The town charter was renewed with the inclusion of a new town about 150 metres from the old town. In 1601, the first privileges for the brewery were awarded. The town quickly became important for the production of beer. At the end of the 18th century, there were 53 breweries in the city. In 1626, the mayor of the city changed to the Opaliński family. They remained as mayors until 1775.
In 1793, the city became part of Prussia. From 1887 to 1918, Grätz, as it was called during this time, was the seat for Kreis Grätz. It became part of Poland again in 1920, and was until 1932 the seat of a county or powiat.
During World War II, the city came under German control. In Młyniewo, a nearby village, a transit camp was formed for onward transport to concentration camps, initially for Jews and later for Poles and other prisoners of war. On January 27, 1945, the city was retaken by the Red Army.
Twin towns — Sister cities
Grodzisk Wielkopolski is twinned with:
- Rudolf Mosse (1843–1920), publisher and philanthropist
- Albert Mosse (1846–1925), German judge and legal scholar
- Michał Drzymała (1857–1937), Polish national activist
- Samuel Herzfeld 1875
- Hans Heinrich Müller (1879–1951), architect
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