Groesbeek Canadian War Cemetery

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Groesbeek Canadian War Cemetery
Commonwealth War Graves Commission
Groesbeek Canadian War Cemetery Cross of Sacrifice, Netherlands.jpg
Cross of Sacrifice
For soldiers who were killed during World War II
EstablishedFebruary 1945
Unveiled4 November 1946
Location51°47′52″N 05°55′51″E / 51.79778°N 5.93083°E / 51.79778; 5.93083Coordinates: 51°47′52″N 05°55′51″E / 51.79778°N 5.93083°E / 51.79778; 5.93083
near 
Total burials2,619
Unknowns
20
Burials by nation
Burials by war
Statistics source: Cemetery details. Commonwealth War Graves Commission.

Groesbeek Canadian War Cemetery and Memorial (French:Le Cimetière de Guerre Canadien Groesbeek) is a Second World War Commonwealth War Graves Commission military war grave cemetery, located in the village of Groesbeek, 8 km (5.0 mi) southeast of Nijmegen in the Netherlands. Of the total 2,619 burials, the cemetery contains 2,338 Canadian soldiers. It was built to a design by Commission architect Philip Hepworth.

History[edit]

The cemetery is unique in that many of the dead were brought here from nearby Germany. It is one of the few cases where bodies were moved across international frontiers. It is believed that all fallen Canadian soldiers of the Rhineland battles, who were buried in German battlefields, were re-interred here (except for one who is buried in Reichswald Forest War Cemetery). General Crerar, who commanded Canadian land forces in Europe, ordered that Canadian dead were not to be buried in German soil.

The cemetery also has a Cross of Sacrifice within it.[1]

Thousands of Dutch children tend the graves of the soldiers buried here as they do throughout the Netherlands.

Commemoration[edit]

Within the cemetery stands the Groesbeek Memorial, which commemorates members of the Commonwealth land forces who died during the campaign in north-west Europe between the time of crossing the Seine River at the end of August 1944 and the end of the war in Europe. There are 1,016 names on the memorial; although since the date of completion of the name-panels, graves have been found for four men commemorated by it. The Bayeux Memorial in Normandy, France honours 103 Canadian servicemen and women.[2]

The memorial consists of twin colonnaded buildings which face each other across the grass forecourt of the cemetery, between the entrance and the "Stone of Remembrance." The names of the men whose graves are unknown are inscribed in panels of Portland stone built into the rear walls.

International Four Days Marches Nijmegen[edit]

On the third day of the International Four Days Marches Nijmegen, the route leads along the Canadian military cemetery, and the military participants commemorate their colleagues from the Second World War during an impressive ceremonial gathering.

Notable graves[edit]

Images[edit]

Nearby Commonwealth War Graves[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "'File:Cross of Sacrifice.jpg'". wikimedia.org. Retrieved 18 March 2013.
  2. ^ Canadian Encyclopedia: Monuments, World Wars I and II Archived 2011-08-10 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ Canadian Virtual War Memorial
  4. ^ Commonwealth War Graves Commission
  5. ^ WO 373/67 Pt.2 and London Gazette dated 10 July 1942

External links[edit]