|Stylistic origins||Heavy metal, thrash metal, death metal|
|Cultural origins||Early 1990s, United States and Brazil|
|Typical instruments||Electric guitar, drums, bass, vocals (screaming, growling)|
|Derivative forms||Nu metal|
Groove metal (sometimes called post-thrash, neo-thrash, power groove or simply groove) is a subgenre of heavy metal music. It is often used to describe Pantera and Exhorder. At its core, groove metal takes the intensity and sonic qualities of thrash metal and plays it at a mid-tempo, with most bands making only occasional forays into fast tempo.
Characteristics and origins
Pantera's Cowboys from Hell album from 1990 was described as "groundbreaking" and "blueprint-defining" for the groove metal genre. Ian Christe credits Sepultura's Chaos A.D. and Pantera for creating the death metal–derived music of groove metal influencing later groups in the genre during the 1990s. Exhorder's debut Slaughter in the Vatican is also considered one of the first groove metal albums, having been released in 1990, the same year as Cowboys. Groove metal bands have incorporated thrash metal, and crossover thrash. Tommy Victor of Prong claims that the attitude of groove metal came from Bad Brains.
The style has been associated with bands such as Pantera, Exhorder, Lamb of God, Sepultura, Soulfly, Cavalera Conspiracy, Gojira, Throwdown, Machine Head, Byzantine, late-period Bush-era Anthrax, Spiritual Beggars, and Texas Hippie Coalition. Some bands have gone to some lengths to avoid being labelled a groove metal band. Veteran thrash metal band Annihilator got let go by Roadrunner Records in 1993 when the groove metal trend began being promoted by the label. It utilizes down tuned thrash riffs, vocals are either death growled, screamed or hardcore shouts.
Influence in other genres
Pioneering groove metal bands such as Pantera (originally a glam metal and speed metal band in the 1980s) and Sepultura (originally playing thrash metal and death metal) laid the foundations for nu metal (90s) and further development in the 2000's, of metalcore which began in the 1980s. Nu metal utilizes downtuned riffs, a more hip hop influenced beat accessible to rapping and turntablism and groove metal rhythms, while frequently lacking guitar solos and complex picking. Metalcore emphasizes general heavy metal characteristics as well as breakdowns, which are slower, intense passages that are conducive to moshing.
- Jaffer, Dave. "Hour.ca - Music - Spin - Vigilance - Threat Signal". Hour. Retrieved 21 June 2010.
- Christe (2003), Sound of the Beast, p. 264,
As close to death metal as any other gold-selling record before it, Chaos A.D. stripped down Sepultura's sound into a coarse metallic loop. The CD sold half a million copies, and alongside Pantera the band forged a streetwise, death-derived groove metal that inspired an upcoming generation of mavens in the 1990s.
- Tompkins, Joseph (2009). "What's the Deal with Soundtrack Albums? Metal Music and the Customized Aesthetics of Contemporary Horror". Cinema Journal 49 (1). doi:10.1353/cj.0.0155.
- Birchmeier, Jason. "Pantera biography". Allmusic. Retrieved 11 February 2009.
- Simmonds, Jeremy (2008). The Encyclopedia of Dead Rock Stars: Heroin, Handguns, and Ham Sandwiches. Chicago Review Press. p. 535. ISBN 978-1-55652-754-8.
- "Best Pantera Albums". About.com. Retrieved 18 May 2012.
- Rivadavia, Eduardo. "Projects in the Jungle review". Allmusic. Retrieved 13 June 2010.
- Ramirez, Carlos. "Rediscovered Steel - Prong's 'Beg to Differ' - Noisecreep". Noisecreep. Retrieved 10 July 2010.
- Freeman, Phil. "Terra Incognita review". Allmusic. Retrieved 13 June 2010.
- Freeman, Phil. "Black Rivers Flow review". Allmusic. Retrieved 23 December 2011.
- Marsicano, Dan. "Best Sepultura CDs - Best Sepultura Albums - Best Albums by Sepultura - About.com". About.com. Retrieved 2 May 2012.
- Cooper, Lana. "Ankla: Steep Trails < PopMatters". PopMatters. Retrieved 2 May 2012.
- Rivadavia, Eduardo. "Conquer review". Allmusic. Retrieved 13 June 2010.
- Rivadavia, Eduardo. "Gojira biography". Allmusic. Retrieved 16 June 2010.
- Freeman, Phil. "Deathless review". Allmusic. Retrieved 13 June 2010.
- Rivadavia, Eduardo. "Face Down biography". Allmusic. Retrieved 13 June 2010.
- Lee, Cosmo. "Oblivion Beckons review". Allmusic. Retrieved 13 June 2010.
- Jurek, Thom. "Mantra III review". Allmusic. Retrieved 13 June 2010.
- Sciarretto, Ami. "Annihilator Haven't Played North America Since 1993". Noisecreep. Retrieved 18 June 2010.
- "Alternative Metal". Allmusic. Retrieved 18 May 2012.
- "MTVNews.com: The Greatest Metal Bands of All Time: Pantera". MTV. Retrieved 18 May 2012.
- "MTVNews.com: The Greatest Metal Bands of All Time". MTV. Retrieved 18 May 2012.
- "Heavy Metal Genres". About.com. Retrieved 18 May 2012.
- Pieslak, Jonathan (2008). "Sound, text and identity in Korn's ‘Hey Daddy’". Popular Music 27: 35–52. doi:10.1017/S0261143008001451.
- Breihan, Tom (11 October 2006). "Status Ain't Hood". "Live: Trivium, the Jackson 5 of Underground Metal". The Village Voice. Daily Voice. Retrieved 18 May 2012. "The best part of every metalcore song is the breakdown, the part where the drums drop out and the guitars slow their frantic gallop to a devastating, precise crunch-riff and everyone in the moshpit goes extra nuts."
- Blush (2006), American Hardcore, p. 193,
Howie Abrams (NYHC scene): Mosh style was slower, very tribal – like a Reggae beat adapted to Hardcore. (...) It was an outbreak of dancing with a mid-tempo beat driven by floor tom and snare.
- Christe, Ian (2003). Sound of the Beast: The Complete Headbanging History of Heavy Metal. HarperCollins. ISBN 0-380-81127-8.
- Blush, Steven (2006). American Hardcore: A Tribal History. Feral House. ISBN 0-922-91571-7.