Gros Horloge

Coordinates: 49°26′30″N 01°05′28″E / 49.44167°N 1.09111°E / 49.44167; 1.09111
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49°26′30″N 01°05′28″E / 49.44167°N 1.09111°E / 49.44167; 1.09111

The Gros-Horloge (English: Great-Clock) is a 14th century astronomical clock in Rouen, Normandy.[citation needed]

The clock is installed in a Renaissance arch crossing the Rue du Gros-Horloge. The mechanism is one of the oldest in France, the movement having been made in 1389. Construction of the clock was started by Jourdain del Leche who lacked the necessary expertise to finish the task,[1] so the work was completed by Jean de Felain, who became the first to hold the position of governor of the clock.[2]

The clock was originally constructed without a dial, with one revolution of the hour-hand representing twenty-four hours.[3] The movement is cast in wrought iron, and at approximately twice the size of the Wells Cathedral clock, it is perhaps the largest such mechanism still extant.[1] A facade was added in 1529 when the clock was moved to its current position.[3] The mechanism was electrified in the 1920s and it was restored in 1997.[citation needed] As of 9 July 2022, the clock movement itself is not functional in any way. There is an electrical solenoid that rings one of the two bells in the tower on the 1/4 hr.

The Renaissance facade represents a golden sun with 24 rays on a starry blue background. The dial measures 2.5 metres (25 dm; 250 cm) in diameter. The phases of the moon are shown in the oculus of the upper part of the dial. It completes a full rotation in 29 days. The week days are shown in an opening at the base of the dial with allegorical subjects for each day of the week.[citation needed]

The Gros Horloge has featured in paintings by J. M. W. Turner and the French impressionist Léon-Jules Lemaître.[1]


  1. ^ a b c "Le Gros Horloge" Archived 2011-08-14 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ Tanguy, Jacques (2006). "Le Gros-Horloge"
  3. ^ a b Dragicevich, Peter (2010). Brittany and Normandy. Lonely Planet. p. 238. ISBN 9781741042382.