Grosmont railway station
Up platform running in board at Grosmont
|Managed by||Northern (Esk Valley Line) North Yorkshire Moors Railway (NYMR)|
|Number of platforms||3|
|Live arrivals/departures, station information and onward connections
from National Rail Enquiries
|Annual rail passenger usage*|
|Key dates||Opened 1835|
|National Rail – UK railway stations|
|* Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Grosmont from Office of Rail and Road statistics. Methodology may vary year on year.|
|UK Railways portal|
Grosmont railway station serves the village of Grosmont in the North York Moors, North Yorkshire, England. It is located on the Esk Valley Line which serves one platform and is operated by Northern who provide the station's passenger services.
The Whitby and Pickering Railway built a line through Grosmont in 1835, and the present station was constructed in 1845, under York and North Midland Railway ownership. The main part of the station closed in 1965, and served trains to and from Pickering and Malton. It was re-opened in 1973 by the North Yorkshire Moors Railway, a heritage railway which operates passenger services between Whitby and Pickering. The station is also a stop on the Network Rail-owned Whitby to Middlesbrough Esk Valley Line.
The station appeared several times in the television series Heartbeat.
In 1835 a railway was brought to Grosmont by the Whitby and Pickering Railway and its engineer George Stephenson. It was a horse-worked line and opened from Whitby as far as Grosmont (then known as 'Tunnel' from the tunnel required to pass from Grosmont towards Beckhole) in 1835.
Iron ore extraction resulted in the whole area under Grosmont station being mined, on the 'pillar and stall' method; the railway company (the NER) simply bought the ironstone under the station house and the river bridge and made preparations to deal with subsidence elsewhere.[when?]
In 1845 the railway was sold to George Hudson's York and North Midland Railway (Y&NMR); additional parliamentary powers were obtained (by the W&P) to make various improvements to its alignment and to permit the introduction of steam power and the line was converted from single into a fully double track steam powered railway. The first steam engine entered Whitby in July 1847. At Grosmont a new wider tunnel and bridge were constructed, probably to designs of John Cass Birkinshaw, and a G.T.Andrews designed railway station was built, creating Grosmont's first true station.
In 1854 the Y&NMR was one of the three railway companies that came together to form the North Eastern Railway (NER). In 1865 a deviation line on the route to Pickering opened, to avoid the cable-worked incline at Beckhole; a new connection was made from Castleton to Grosmont (now part of the Esk Valley Line), making Grosmont into a junction.
The NER built a short terrace of cottages just south of the tunnel; these were demolished by the NYMR to allow extensions to its running shed and workshops.
The Whitby to Pickering line closed in March 1965, and was re-opened as the heritage North Yorkshire Moors Railway in 1973. As of 2013 the line between Whitby and Middlesbrough via Castleton and Battersby is operated as the Esk Valley Line under the control of Network Rail.
Northern Rail: Mondays to Saturdays, there are four trains per day in each direction to Whitby and Middlesbrough. A Sunday service of four (formerly five) trains each way (including through trains to Darlington and Newcastle) operates between May and early November only.
North Yorkshire Moors: services to Pickering (and Whitby) operate on various timetables depending on the time of year.
- Northern Rail Timetable 5: Middlesbrough to Whitby 19 May - 7 December 2013Northern Rail website; Retrieved 4 October 2013
- Belcher, Henry. Illustrations of the scenery on the line of the Whitby and Pickering Railway in the north eastern part of Yorkshire. East Ardsley, [Eng.]: EP Publishing. ISBN 0-7158-1164-9.
- Potter, G.W.J. (1969). A History of the Whitby and Pickering. SR Publishing. ISBN 0-85409-553-5.
- Tomlinson, W.W. (1915). The North Eastern Railway; its rise and development. Andrew Reid and Company, Newcastle; Longmans, Green and Company, London.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Grosmont railway station.|
- Train times and station information for Grosmont railway station from National Rail
- Train times and information from the North Yorkshire Moors Railway
- Grosmont Station Group's website
- Historic England. "Grosmont Station (327610)". Images of England.
- Historic England. "The Tunnel Inn, built for the W&PR, c.1836 (327606)". Images of England.
- Historic England. "Post Office, built for the W&PR, c.1835 (327608)". Images of England.
- Historic England. "Murk Esk railway bridge, built for the Y&NMR, c.1845 (327611)". Images of England.
- Historic England. "Grosmont railway tunnel, built for the Y&NMR, c.1845 (327612)". Images of England.
- Historic England. "Murk Esk footbridge, on the route of the 1836 W&PR alignment, c.1875 (327613)". Images of England.
- Historic England. "Grosmont railway tunnel, now pedestrian path, built for W&PR, c.1836 (327614)". Images of England.
- Historic England. "Railway bridge, built for the NER, c.1860 (327615)". Images of England.
|Preceding station||National Rail||Following station|
Esk Valley Line
|Goathland||North Yorkshire Moors Railway||Whitby|
Grosmont Old Branch