Grosmont railway station
|Classification||DfT category F2|
|Original company||Whitby and Pickering Railway|
|Pre-grouping||North Eastern Railway|
|8 June 1835||Opened as Tunnel Inn|
|Before June 1847||Renamed Grosmont|
|8 March 1965||Line to Pickering closed to passengers|
|22 April 1973||Line to Pickering reopened as part of North Yorkshire Moors Railway|
Passenger statistics from the Office of Rail and Road
Grosmont is a railway station on the Esk Valley Line, which runs between Whitby and Middlesbrough. The station serves the village of Grosmont in North Yorkshire, England. It is owned by Network Rail and managed by Northern Trains.
The Whitby and Pickering Railway built a line through Grosmont in 1835, and the present station was constructed in 1845, under York and North Midland Railway ownership. The main part of the station closed in 1965, and served trains to and from Pickering and Malton. It was re-opened in 1973 by the North Yorkshire Moors Railway, a heritage railway which operates passenger services between Whitby and Pickering. The station is also a stop on the Network Rail-owned Whitby to Middlesbrough Esk Valley Line.
The station appeared several times in the television series Heartbeat.
In 1835 a railway was brought to Grosmont by the Whitby and Pickering Railway and its engineer George Stephenson. It was a horse-worked line and opened from Whitby as far as Grosmont (then known as 'Tunnel' from the tunnel required to pass from Grosmont towards Beckhole) in 1835.
From 1900 to 1924 iron ore extraction resulted in the whole area under Grosmont station being mined, on the 'pillar and stall' method; the railway company (the NER) simply bought the ironstone under the station house and the river bridge and made preparations to deal with subsidence elsewhere.
In 1845 the railway was sold to George Hudson's York and North Midland Railway (Y&NMR); additional parliamentary powers were obtained (by the W&P) to make various improvements to its alignment and to permit the introduction of steam power and the line was converted from single into a fully double track steam powered railway. The first steam engine entered Whitby in July 1847. At Grosmont a new wider tunnel and bridge were constructed, probably to designs of John Cass Birkinshaw, and a G.T. Andrews designed railway station was built, creating Grosmont's first true station.
In 1854 the Y&NMR was one of the three railway companies that came together to form the North Eastern Railway (NER). In 1865 a deviation line on the route to Pickering opened, to avoid the cable-worked incline at Beckhole; a new connection was made from Castleton to Grosmont (now part of the Esk Valley Line), making Grosmont into a junction.
The NER built a short terrace of cottages just south of the tunnel; these were used by the NYMR to house volunteers from but were demolished in 1989 to allow extensions to its running shed and workshops. Two camping coaches were positioned here by the North Eastern Region from 1959 to 1964.
The Grosmont to Malton line closed in March 1965, and was re-opened to Pickering as the heritage North Yorkshire Moors Railway in 1973. As of 2013 the line between Whitby and Middlesbrough via Castleton and Battersby is operated as the Esk Valley Line under the control of Network Rail.
Following the September 2020 timetable change, Grosmont is served by five trains per day (four on Sunday) towards Whitby, and six trains per day (four on Sunday) towards Nunthorpe and Middlesbrough.
North Yorkshire Moors Railway
The North Yorkshire Moors Railway operates heritage services between Pickering and Whitby. Services run daily from Easter until the end of October each year, with some additional services at other times of year.
- Historic England. "Grosmont Station (1148751)". National Heritage List for England.
- Historic England. "The Tunnel Inn, built for the W&PR, c.1836 (1148749)". National Heritage List for England.
- Historic England. "Post Office, built for the W&PR, c.1835 (1148750)". National Heritage List for England.
- Historic England. "Murk Esk railway bridge, built for the Y&NMR, c.1845 (1295689)". National Heritage List for England.
- Historic England. "Grosmont railway tunnel, built for the Y&NMR, c.1845 (1316181)". National Heritage List for England.
- Historic England. "Murk Esk footbridge, on the route of the 1836 W&PR alignment, c.1875 (1174643)". National Heritage List for England.
- Historic England. "Grosmont railway tunnel, now pedestrian path, built for W&PR, c.1836 (1148752)". National Heritage List for England.
- Historic England. "Railway bridge, built for the NER, c.1860 (1316182)". National Heritage List for England.
- Vanns (2017), p. 13.
- Vanns (2017), pp. 74–75.
- McRae, Andrew (1998). British Railways Camping Coach Holidays: A Tour of Britain in the 1950s and 1960s. Scenes from the Past: 30 (Part Two). Foxline. p. 40. ISBN 1-870119-53-3.
- Winn, Christopher (2010). I never knew that about Yorkshire. London: Ebury. p. 92. ISBN 978-0-09-193313-5.
- "Remembering a lifetime spent 'chasing' steam". The Whitby Gazette. 22 April 2013. Retrieved 13 December 2017.
- "ESK VALLEY RAILWAY LINE REOPENS FOLLOWING SUCCESSFUL TRACK RENEWAL". Network Rail Media Centre. 14 February 2005. Retrieved 13 December 2017.
- "Esk Valley Line (Whitby - Middlesbrough)" (PDF). gov.uk. Retrieved 13 December 2017.
- "Train times: Middlesbrough to Whitby (Esk Valley Railway)" (PDF). Northern Trains. 14 September 2020. Retrieved 30 September 2020.
- Belcher, Henry. Illustrations of the scenery on the line of the Whitby and Pickering Railway in the north eastern part of Yorkshire. East Ardsley, [Eng.]: EP Publishing. ISBN 0-7158-1164-9.
- Potter, G.W.J. (1969). A History of the Whitby and Pickering. SR Publishing. ISBN 0-85409-553-5.
- Tomlinson, W.W. (1915). The North Eastern Railway; its rise and development. Andrew Reid and Company, Newcastle; Longmans, Green and Company, London.
- Media related to Grosmont railway station at Wikimedia Commons
- Train times and station information for Grosmont railway station from National Rail
|Preceding station||National Rail||Following station|
Esk Valley Line
|Goathland||North Yorkshire Moors Railway||Whitby|
|Beckhole||North Eastern Railway
Grosmont Old Branch