Grosmont railway station

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National Rail
Grosmont railway station MMB 03.jpg
LocationGrosmont, Scarborough
Coordinates54°26′11″N 0°43′31″W / 54.4364560°N 0.7253575°W / 54.4364560; -0.7253575
Grid referenceNZ828052
Managed by
Other information
Station codeGMT
ClassificationDfT category F2
Original companyWhitby and Pickering Railway
Pre-groupingNorth Eastern Railway
Key dates
8 June 1835 (1835-06-08)Opened as Tunnel Inn
Before June 1847Renamed Grosmont
8 March 1965Line to Pickering closed to passengers
22 April 1973Line to Pickering reopened as part of North Yorkshire Moors Railway
2015/16Decrease 15,172
2016/17Decrease 13,514
2017/18Increase 13,912
2018/19Decrease 12,390
2019/20Increase 13,912
Passenger statistics from the Office of Rail and Road

Grosmont is a railway station on the Esk Valley Line, which runs between Whitby and Middlesbrough. The station serves the village of Grosmont in North Yorkshire, England. It is owned by Network Rail and managed by Northern Trains.

The Whitby and Pickering Railway built a line through Grosmont in 1835, and the present station was constructed in 1845, under York and North Midland Railway ownership. The main part of the station closed in 1965, and served trains to and from Pickering and Malton. It was re-opened in 1973 by the North Yorkshire Moors Railway, a heritage railway which operates passenger services between Whitby and Pickering. The station is also a stop on the Network Rail-owned Whitby to Middlesbrough Esk Valley Line.

The station appeared several times in the television series Heartbeat.


In 1835 a railway was brought to Grosmont by the Whitby and Pickering Railway and its engineer George Stephenson. It was a horse-worked line and opened from Whitby as far as Grosmont (then known as 'Tunnel' from the tunnel required to pass from Grosmont towards Beckhole) in 1835.[1]

From 1900 to 1924 iron ore extraction resulted in the whole area under Grosmont station being mined, on the 'pillar and stall' method; the railway company (the NER) simply bought the ironstone under the station house and the river bridge and made preparations to deal with subsidence elsewhere.

In 1845 the railway was sold to George Hudson's York and North Midland Railway (Y&NMR); additional parliamentary powers were obtained (by the W&P) to make various improvements to its alignment and to permit the introduction of steam power and the line was converted from single into a fully double track steam powered railway. The first steam engine entered Whitby in July 1847. At Grosmont a new wider tunnel and bridge were constructed, probably to designs of John Cass Birkinshaw, and a G.T. Andrews designed railway station was built, creating Grosmont's first true station.

In 1854 the Y&NMR was one of the three railway companies that came together to form the North Eastern Railway (NER). In 1865 a deviation line on the route to Pickering opened, to avoid the cable-worked incline at Beckhole; a new connection was made from Castleton to Grosmont (now part of the Esk Valley Line), making Grosmont into a junction.

The NER built a short terrace of cottages just south of the tunnel; these were used by the NYMR to house volunteers from but were demolished in 1989 to allow extensions to its running shed and workshops.[2] Two camping coaches were positioned here by the North Eastern Region from 1959 to 1964.[3]

The Grosmont to Malton line closed in March 1965,[4] and was re-opened to Pickering as the heritage North Yorkshire Moors Railway in 1973.[5] As of 2013 the line between Whitby and Middlesbrough via Castleton and Battersby is operated as the Esk Valley Line under the control of Network Rail.[6][7]


Northern Trains[edit]

Following the September 2020 timetable change, Grosmont is served by five trains per day (four on Sunday) towards Whitby, and six trains per day (four on Sunday) towards Nunthorpe and Middlesbrough.[8]

North Yorkshire Moors Railway[edit]

The North Yorkshire Moors Railway operates heritage services between Pickering and Whitby. Services run daily from Easter until the end of October each year, with some additional services at other times of year.


Historic structures[edit]


  1. ^ Vanns (2017), p. 13.
  2. ^ Vanns (2017), pp. 74–75.
  3. ^ McRae, Andrew (1998). British Railways Camping Coach Holidays: A Tour of Britain in the 1950s and 1960s. Scenes from the Past: 30 (Part Two). Foxline. p. 40. ISBN 1-870119-53-3.
  4. ^ Winn, Christopher (2010). I never knew that about Yorkshire. London: Ebury. p. 92. ISBN 978-0-09-193313-5.
  5. ^ "Remembering a lifetime spent 'chasing' steam". The Whitby Gazette. 22 April 2013. Retrieved 13 December 2017.
  6. ^ "ESK VALLEY RAILWAY LINE REOPENS FOLLOWING SUCCESSFUL TRACK RENEWAL". Network Rail Media Centre. 14 February 2005. Retrieved 13 December 2017.
  7. ^ "Esk Valley Line (Whitby - Middlesbrough)" (PDF). Retrieved 13 December 2017.
  8. ^ "Train times: Middlesbrough to Whitby (Esk Valley Railway)" (PDF). Northern Trains. 14 September 2020. Retrieved 30 September 2020.


  • Vanns, Michael A. (2017). The North Yorkshire Moors Railway. Barnsley: Pen & Sword. ISBN 9781473892088.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Preceding station National Rail National Rail Following station
Egton   Northern Trains
Esk Valley Line
Heritage Railways  Heritage railways
Goathland   North Yorkshire Moors Railway   Whitby
Disused railways
Beckhole   North Eastern Railway
Grosmont Old Branch