Grosse Ile (Michigan)
Aerial view of Grosse Ile in January 2016
|Area||9.6 sq mi (25 km2)|
|Highest elevation||594 ft (181.1 m)|
|Township||Grosse Ile Township|
Grosse Ile /
The island was named by French explorers, and Grosse Île means "Large Island". The island was first given to the early French explorers by the Potawatomi in 1776. The Potawatomi referred to the island as Kitcheminishen. Brothers William and Alexander Macomb, merchants and fur traders from Albany, New York and Detroit, bought the island from the Potawatomi, becoming the first European-American owners.
They had the island surveyed in 1819 and it was incorporated into Monguagon Township in 1829. The island remained sparsely populated and an independent community, but it did not gain autonomy until the formation of Grosse Ile Township on October 27, 1914. In the 21st century, Grosse Ile is considered a Downriver community as part of Metro Detroit.
The island is bordered on the west by the Trenton Channel and is connected to mainland Michigan by the Wayne County Bridge in the middle of the island and the Grosse Ile Toll Bridge on the northern end. The island itself is divided by two canals. The area on the north, known as Hennepin Point, is undeveloped and the site of an historic lighthouse. The Grosse Ile Municipal Airport occupies the southernmost area of the island. Grosse Ile is at the center of the Detroit River International Wildlife Refuge.
- Detroit River
- Grosse Ile Municipal Airport
- Grosse Ile Toll Bridge
- Grosse Ile Township
- List of islands in the Detroit River
- Wayne County Bridge
- Area and population figures are based on the 2000 census figures for all of Grosse Ile Township. While the main island of Grosse Ile contains the largest area and population, there are several very small islands within the township, and their area and population are added to this overall figure. The township consists of over a dozen islands, but the majority of them are very small and uninhabited.
- Buttle and Tuttle Ltd (2000–2008). "Wayne County islands place names: Grosse Ile". Retrieved December 10, 2009.
- Karmazin, Nancy (26 Aug 2009). "Welcome to Grosse Ile, Michigan". Retrieved December 13, 2009.
- ActiveRain Corp. (2009). "Grosse Ile Michigan - An Island Community Located in the Detroit River". Retrieved December 13, 2009.
- Catlin, George B. (2005). "Local history of Detroit and Wayne County (p. 104)". Retrieved December 12, 2009.
- Loftus, Brian E. (2009). "Grosse Ile North Channel Range Front Light". Retrieved December 13, 2009.