Grosse Pointe Farms, Michigan

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This article is about the incorporated city of Grosse Pointe Farms. For the adjacent area, see Grosse Pointe.
Grosse Pointe Farms, Michigan
City
City of Grosse Pointe Farms
Grosse Pointe War Memorial
Official seal of Grosse Pointe Farms, Michigan
Seal
Location in Wayne County and the state of Michigan
Location in Wayne County and the state of Michigan
Coordinates: 42°24′18″N 82°54′3″W / 42.40500°N 82.90083°W / 42.40500; -82.90083Coordinates: 42°24′18″N 82°54′3″W / 42.40500°N 82.90083°W / 42.40500; -82.90083
Country United States
State Michigan
County Wayne
Government
 • Mayor James C Farquhar
Area[1]
 • Total 12.32 sq mi (31.91 km2)
 • Land 2.75 sq mi (7.12 km2)
 • Water 9.57 sq mi (24.79 km2)
Elevation 607 ft (185 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 9,479
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 9,316
 • Density 3,446.9/sq mi (1,330.9/km2)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 48230, 48236
Area code(s) 313
FIPS code 26-35520[4]
GNIS feature ID 0627463[5]
Website www.grossepointefarms.org

Grosse Pointe Farms is a suburban town bordering Detroit located in Wayne County in the U.S. state of Michigan. The population was 9,479 at the 2010 census.[6] It is bordered by Canada and Lake Saint Clair on the south and east, Grosse Pointe on the west, Detroit on the north, and Grosse Pointe Woods and Grosse Pointe Shores on the northeast. Lakeshore Drive begins in Grosse Pointe Farms, where, just east of Fisher Road, the eastbound driver or pedestrian on Jefferson Avenue descends to lake level, following the curvature of the lakefront to the northeast.

History[edit]

The area that would become Grosse Pointe Farms was originally incorporated as the Village of Grosse Pointe in 1879. By 1889, the village extended from land just above Provenchal Road in the northeast to Cadieux Road in the west. In 1893, the portion of the village east of Fisher Road broke off and incorporated as the Village of Grosse Pointe Farms after a dispute over the location of a tavern.[7] It was not until 1949, however, that the village incorporated as a city.[7]

Geography[edit]

Saint Paul on the Lake Catholic Church (1899) in Grosse Pointe Farms, one of many landmarks along Lakeshore Drive - French Gothic by Harry J. Rill.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 12.32 square miles (31.91 km2), of which 2.75 square miles (7.12 km2) is land and 9.57 square miles (24.79 km2) is water.[1] The water is part of Lake St. Clair.

The Farms has a more varied topography and streetscape than the other southern Grosse Pointes. While Grosse Pointe and Grosse Pointe Park are built on a standard street grid and are basically flat, Grosse Pointe Farms is partially built on the same grid flowing out of Detroit, but also features districts with irregular, curving street paths. A low but noticeable ridge runs through the center of the city. The Farms also contains the "point" in Grosse Pointe, where, just east of the Grosse Pointe War Memorial, there is a large bend in the lakeshore, such that those on the shoreline face east, instead of south, as they do when on the shoreline of neighboring Grosse Pointe, closer to the entrance of the Detroit River.

The cityscape varies widely, with large sections of old homes ranging from bungalows to mansions, and a few newer sections with ranch houses or luxury homes built on subdivided estates. The Farms has a downtown on Kercheval Avenue combining historic buildings with newer, neo-traditional storefronts.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 817
1910 862 5.5%
1920 1,649 91.3%
1930 3,533 114.3%
1940 7,217 104.3%
1950 9,410 30.4%
1960 12,172 29.4%
1970 11,701 −3.9%
1980 10,551 −9.8%
1990 10,092 −4.4%
2000 9,764 −3.3%
2010 9,479 −2.9%
Est. 2015 9,232 [8] −2.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 9,479 people, 3,718 households, and 2,770 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,446.9 inhabitants per square mile (1,330.9/km2). There were 3,952 housing units at an average density of 1,437.1 per square mile (554.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95.4% White, 1.8% African American, 0.2% Native American, 1.3% Asian, 0.4% from other races, and 1.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.0% of the population.

There were 3,718 households of which 33.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.0% were married couples living together, 6.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 25.5% were non-families. 23.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.02.

The median age in the city was 45.1 years. 25.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 4.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 19.5% were from 25 to 44; 32.6% were from 45 to 64; and 17.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.8% male and 51.2% female.

2000 census[edit]

At the 2000 census,[4] there were 9,764 people, 3,804 households, and 2,868 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,618.8 per square mile (1,396.3/km²). There were 3,937 housing units at an average density of 1,459.2 per square mile (563.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.58% White, 0.65% African American, 0.11% Native American, 1.13% Asian, 0.11% from other races, and 0.42% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.11% of the population.

There were 3,804 households of which 34.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.8% were married couples living together, 6.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.6% were non-families. 22.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.03.

Age distribution was 26.5% under the age of 18, 3.6% from 18 to 24, 23.4% from 25 to 44, 28.6% from 45 to 64, and 17.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 90.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.5 males.

The median household income was $100,153, and the median family income was $109,264. Males had a median income of $87,108 versus $53,241 for females. The per capita income for the city was $54,846. About 1.5% of families and 2.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.1% of those under age 18 and 1.4% of those age 65 or over.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Grosse Pointe Farms, Michigan (1981–2010 normals, extremes 1950–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 62
(17)
69
(21)
81
(27)
90
(32)
93
(34)
105
(41)
102
(39)
101
(38)
98
(37)
90
(32)
79
(26)
69
(21)
105
(41)
Average high °F (°C) 31.2
(−0.4)
33.8
(1)
43.1
(6.2)
56.0
(13.3)
67.1
(19.5)
77.2
(25.1)
81.9
(27.7)
79.6
(26.4)
72.1
(22.3)
59.7
(15.4)
47.7
(8.7)
35.7
(2.1)
57.1
(13.9)
Daily mean °F (°C) 23.8
(−4.6)
25.9
(−3.4)
34.1
(1.2)
46.2
(7.9)
57.2
(14)
67.3
(19.6)
72.0
(22.2)
70.4
(21.3)
62.8
(17.1)
50.8
(10.4)
39.8
(4.3)
28.9
(−1.7)
48.3
(9.1)
Average low °F (°C) 16.4
(−8.7)
17.9
(−7.8)
25.0
(−3.9)
36.3
(2.4)
47.3
(8.5)
57.3
(14.1)
62.1
(16.7)
61.3
(16.3)
53.6
(12)
42.0
(5.6)
32.0
(0)
22.1
(−5.5)
39.4
(4.1)
Record low °F (°C) −17
(−27)
−12
(−24)
−6
(−21)
12
(−11)
27
(−3)
38
(3)
44
(7)
40
(4)
32
(0)
21
(−6)
4
(−16)
−10
(−23)
−17
(−27)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 1.80
(45.7)
1.98
(50.3)
2.41
(61.2)
3.21
(81.5)
3.39
(86.1)
3.60
(91.4)
3.64
(92.5)
3.29
(83.6)
3.42
(86.9)
2.94
(74.7)
2.95
(74.9)
2.57
(65.3)
35.20
(894.1)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 9.0
(22.9)
8.1
(20.6)
3.6
(9.1)
0.4
(1)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.6
(1.5)
6.7
(17)
28.4
(72.1)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 10.1 7.6 9.0 11.9 11.2 10.5 10.0 9.6 9.6 10.4 10.4 11.0 121.3
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 4.7 3.4 1.6 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5 3.4 14.0
Source: NOAA[10][11]

Economy[edit]

The largest employer in Grosse Pointe Farms is the Henry Ford Medical Center.[12] The media company Saga Communications is based in Grosse Pointe Farms.

Government and infrastructure[edit]

The U.S. Postal Service operates the Grosse Pointe Post office in Grosse Pointe Farms.[13]

Education[edit]

Primary and secondary schools[edit]

The community is served by Grosse Pointe Public Schools (GPPSS).[14] Public schools within Grosse Pointe Farms include Père Gabriel Richard Elementary School, Kerby Elementary School, Brownell Middle School, and Grosse Pointe South High School. Along with Richard and Kerby, Monteith Elementary School in Grosse Pointe Woods serves a section of the city. All residents are zoned to Brownell. Almost all residents are zoned to GPS High, while those in a northwest section are zoned to Grosse Pointe North High School in Grosse Pointe Woods.[15][16]

Public libraries[edit]

Central Branch

The Grosse Pointe Public Library operates the Central Branch in Grosse Pointe Farms.[17]

Gallery[edit]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-25. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-25. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-03. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Grosse Pointe Farms, Michigan
  6. ^ "Race, Hispanic or Latino, Age, and Housing Occupancy: 2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File (QT-PL), Grosse Pointe Farms city, Michigan". U.S. Census Bureau, American FactFinder 2. Retrieved September 7, 2011. 
  7. ^ a b "History of Grosse Pointe". http://www.gphistorical.org/l. Grosse Pointe Historical Society. Retrieved 26 July 2014.  External link in |website= (help)
  8. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  9. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  10. ^ "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved July 29, 2016. 
  11. ^ "MI Grosse Pointe Farms". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved July 29, 2016. 
  12. ^ Grosse Pointe Farms 2010 CAFR
  13. ^ "GROSSE POINTE." U.S. Postal Service. Retrieved on January 9, 2017. "18640 MACK AVE GROSSE POINTE FARMS, MI 48236-9998"
  14. ^ "Grosse Pointe Public School System / GPPS Home". schoolwires.net. Retrieved 8 January 2017. 
  15. ^ "District Map." Grosse Pointe Public School System. Retrieved on January 8, 2017. The official websites for schools without Wikipedia articles are: Kerby Elementary School, Brownell Middle School
  16. ^ "Zoning Map." City of Grosse Pointe Farms. Retrieved on January 8, 2017.
  17. ^ "Hours & Location." Grosse Pointe Public Library. Retrieved on April 3, 2010.
  18. ^ Nugent, Benjamin. "Music: White Lies and The White Stripes." Time. Saturday June 16, 2001. Retrieved on October 28, 2009.

External links[edit]