Großenhain (also written as Grossenhain; Upper Sorbian: ) is a Wulki Hojn Große Kreisstadt (German for major district town) in the district of Meißen, Saxony, Germany.
History [ edit ]
Großenhain was originally a
Sorb settlement. It was first mentioned in 1205. It was for a time occupied by the Bohemians, by whom it was strongly fortified. It afterwards came into the possession of the margraves of  Meißen, from whom it was taken in 1312 by the margraves of Brandenburg. In the middle-ages, Großenhain was one of the most powerful towns in Saxony. It suffered considerably in all the great German wars, and in 1744 was nearly destroyed by fire. On May 16, 1813, a battle took place here between the French and the Russians.
Geography [ edit ]
Großenhain is located on the river
Röder, 30 km (19 mi) northwest of Dresden, and 17 km (11 mi) east of Riesa. It is also situated on Via Regia from Görlitz to Santiago de Compostela.
Localities [ edit ]
Economy [ edit ]
This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (February 2013)
Infrastructure [ edit ]
There are two train stations in Großenhain. As
Großenhain Berliner Bahnhof is out of service since 2002, only is served by trains from Großenhain Cottbusser Bahnhof Dresden to Elsterwerda, Cottbus and Hoyerswerda.
Großenhain is accessible by car via
Bundesstraße 98 and Bundesstraße 101.
Famous people [ edit ]
Karl Bejamin Preusker 1840
Martin Blochwich (1602-1629): German physician, born here
Karl Benjamin Preusker (1786–1871): Founder of the first public library in Germany (1828)
Manfred von Richthofen (1892–1918): German fighter pilot known as The Red Baron, was trained as observer at the local airport
Corinna Harfouch (born 1954): German actress, passed her childhood here
Heino (born 1938): German schlager artist, passed his childhood here Carlo Mierendorff (1897-1943), representatives of the SPD, a member of the German Reichstag and resistance fighter against Nazism
Frederick Traugott Pursh (1774-1820), actually Friedrich Pursch , botanist
Helmut H. Schaefer (1925-2005), mathematician, professor at the University of Halle (Saale), at the University of Tübingen, at the California Institute of Technology and other US universities
Valentin Weigel (1533-1588), theologian and philosopher
References [ edit ]
This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). " Grossenhain". . Encyclopædia Britannica 12 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 617.
External links [ edit ]
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