Groton (town), New York
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|Groton, New York|
|• Total||49.6 sq mi (128.4 km2)|
|• Land||49.5 sq mi (128.3 km2)|
|• Water||0.1 sq mi (0.1 km2) 0.10%%|
|Elevation||1,690 ft (515 m)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|Area code(s)||315, 607|
|GNIS feature ID||951849|
As well as a village, the Town of Groton also includes a former school, Groton High School, which was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1994.
Groton was in the former Central New York Military Tract.
The town was formed in 1817, before the formation of Tompkins County, from the Town of Locke (in Cayuga County) as the "Town of Division." Many of the early residents from New England elected to change the name to "Groton."
In 1888, the community of Groton separated from the town by incorporating as a village. Groton was also home to the original Corona Typewriter Company which later merged to form Smith Corona.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 128.4 km2 (49.6 sq mi). 128.3 km2 (49.5 sq mi) of it is farmland and 0.1 km2 (0.04 sq mi) of it (0.10%) is water.
The north town line is the border of Cayuga County, and the east side town line is the border of Cortland County. The southern border is with the Town of Dryden and the western border with the Town of Lansing.
Groton is in the Finger Lakes region of central New York State.
As of the census of 2000, there were 5,794 people, 2,168 households, and 1,543 families residing in the town. The population density was 116.9 people per square mile (45.1/km²). There were 2,287 housing units at an average density of 46.2 per square mile (17.8/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.38% White, 0.64% Black or African American, 0.09% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 0.26% from other races, and 1.40% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.79% of the population.
There were 2,168 households out of which 35.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.9% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.8% were non-families. 23.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.09.
In the town, the population was spread out with 28.1% under the age of 18, 6.4% from 18 to 24, 28.7% from 25 to 44, 23.9% from 45 to 64, and 12.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 95.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.1 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $42,407, and the median income for a family was $50,057. Males had a median income of $31,890 versus $23,642 for females. The per capita income for the town was $18,075. About 4.8% of families and 6.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.3% of those under age 18 and 4.8% of those age 65 or over.
Communities and locations in the Town of Groton
- Benson Corners – A location in the southwest part of the town.
- Carey Corners – A location northeast of Fitts Corners.
- Fitts Corners – A hamlet near the south town line.
- Groton – The Village of Groton at NY-38 and NY-222.
- Groton City – a partial ghost town in the northeast part of Groton on County Road 103. It has about 10-20 residents and was formerly known as "Slab City."
- Grotto – A hamlet in the southeast part of the town.
- Harts Corners – A location on the south town line, south of Fitts Corners.
- Lafayette Corners – A hamlet east of Groton village on NY-222.
- Ludlow Corners – A location in the southwest part of Groton.
- McLean – A hamlet in the southeast part of the town.
- Morton Corners – A hamlet northeast of Groton village.
- Mosher Corners – A hamlet west of Groton village on NY-222.
- Mud Schoolhouse Corners – A location in the southeast part of Groton on County Road 180.
- Nubia – A hamlet south of Lafayette Corners.
- Peruton – A hamlet at the south town line.
- Peruville – A hamlet near the south town line.
- Pierson Corners – A location east of West Groton.
- Pleasant Valley – A hamlet in the southwest part of Groton.
- Stevens Corners – A location north of McLean.
- West Groton – A hamlet in the northwest corner of Groton.
- David Bradley, plowman and businessman, was born in Groton.
- Sylvester Pennoyer, former mayor of Portland, and Governor of Oregon was born in Groton.
- Terrence C. Graves, Medal of Honor recipient, grew up in Groton.
- Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 145.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.[permanent dead link]
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 11, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.