Grottaglie

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Grottaglie
Comune di Grottaglie
Church of Madonna del Lume.
Church of Madonna del Lume.
Coat of arms of Grottaglie
Coat of arms
Location of Grottaglie
Grottaglie is located in Italy
Grottaglie
Grottaglie
Location of Grottaglie in Italy
Grottaglie is located in Apulia
Grottaglie
Grottaglie
Grottaglie (Apulia)
Coordinates: 40°32′N 17°26′E / 40.533°N 17.433°E / 40.533; 17.433
CountryItaly
RegionApulia
ProvinceTaranto (TA)
FrazioniCarraro delle Vacche, Paparazio
Government
 • MayorCiro D'Alò (Lista civica Grottaglie ON)
Area
 • Total102.12 km2 (39.43 sq mi)
Elevation
133 m (436 ft)
Population
(2018-01-01)[2]
 • Total31,890
 • Density310/km2 (810/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Grottagliesi
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
74023
Dialing code099
Patron saintSt. Francis of Geronimo, St. Cyrus
Saint dayJanuary 31
WebsiteOfficial website

Grottaglie (Salentino: li Vurtàgghie; Latin: Criptalium) is a town and comune in the province of Taranto, Apulia, in southern Italy.

Geography[edit]

Particolare della facciata di una abitazione del centro storico

Grottaglie is located in the Salento peninsula, dividing the Adriatic sea from Ionian sea. The countryside around the city is scattered with vast and deep ravines in the limestone that underlies the peninsula. The urban core of Grottaglie is surrounded by these ravines.[3]

History[edit]

There is evidence of settlement in the region since the Paleolithic era. The name Grottaglie derives from the Latin Cryptae Aliae, meaning "many ravines". The ancestral part of the town was one of the citadels in the area, referred to in Medieval documents as Casale Cryptalerum, founded by locals sheltering in the caves of the ravines due to coastal Saracen raids.

The fief of Grottaglie was donated by the Norman overlords to the archbishopric of Taranto in the 11th century. In the 14th century the ecclesiastic administration provided the fief with fortifications, walls, a fortress known as the Archbishop's Castle {{Italia:Castello Episcopio}} as well as with the Chiesa Matrice ("Mother church").

Since the 15th-17th centuries the jurisdiction over Grottaglie fief was split between the ecclesiastic administration (civil law) and the lay feudal lords (criminal law, Cicinelli-Caracciolo family). Fights between these two competing authorities and periodic revolts by the heavily-taxed population were the leit-motiv of Grottaglie’s history until the abolition of feudalism in 1806. After the Italian unification, Grottaglie had the first urban expansion outside its Medieval walls.[4]

Main sights[edit]

  • Castello Episcopio: Massive 13th-century castle.
  • Chiesa Matrice: main church of the town, built in 1379.
  • Oratory of the Confraternity of the Purgatory
  • Palazzo Cicinelli, a massive Baroque style building on the main square. The palazzo was the seat of the Dukes of Grottaglie also Princes of Cursi and Princes of the Holy Roman Empire, hence the residence of the feudal lords of the town on the grant of Bohemond I.
  • Palazzo Urselli, which maintains the original Renaissance (pre-Baroque) façade, with a massive 15th century gate and a decorated internal courtyard.
  • Palazzo Maggiulli-Cometa, whose structure is similar to Palazzo Urselli’s.
  • Palazzo de Felice: 18th Century palace, and ancestral home of the de Felice family.
  • San Francesco di Paola: Baroque monastery, a masterpiece architecture with a cloister.
  • Chiesa del Carmine, housing a 1530 stone nativity scene sculpted by Stefano da Putignano.

Culture[edit]

Folkloristic and religious events include the commemoration-day of St. Cyrus and Easter-period when the Medieval-rooted confraternal religious orders perform their processions during the days of the Holy Week (Easter rituals include procession and pilgrimage of confrères called “Bubble-Bubble” through the streets of country).

Other events include:

  • The exhibition “Ceramica nel Quartiere delle Ceramiche”
  • The Mediterranean ceramics contest, theatrical and musical events
  • Promotion of dessert grapes, months of July–August–September
  • Exhibition-contest about ceramic crib scene during the months of December and January
  • “Musica Mundi” – international festival of ethnic music in July.
  • Source: Grottaglie.it - ProLocoGrottaglie.org.

Economy[edit]

Grapes and ceramics-industry are two traditional elements of the local economy since the times of Greater Greece.

The numerous ceramic finds, tracing back to the Classical Age and kept in the National Museum of "Magna Grecia" in Taranto, reveal the antique roots of this handicrafts production which was privileged by the presence of considerable amounts of clay in the surrounding territory. More recently, records dating back to the 18th century report at the time 42 companies in Grottaglie operating in the ceramics-sector with a total of 5,000 employees. In addition to ceramics, also agricultural products such as olive oil and excellent choice dessert grapes are of great importance.

Alenia Composite is a factory of Alenia group producing parts for the Boeing 787.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  3. ^ Grottaglie.it - ProLocoGrottaglie.org.
  4. ^ Grottaglie.it - ProLocoGrottaglie.org.

External links[edit]