Grouard, named after Bishop Émile Grouard, was originally incorporated as a village on September 27, 1909 and then as a town in December, 1912. In 1913, the community had a population of more than 1,000, but was largely abandoned once the Edmonton, Dunvegan and British Columbia Railway (EDBCR) was built 12 miles (19 km) south of Grouard. Many of the residents and businesses moved to High Prairie, a community on the railway line.
Grouard reverted from town status to village status on June 7, 1940, and then dissolved from village status on January 15, 1944 to become part of Improvement District No. 764.
Difficult pastoral conditions in Grouard occasioned canonical permission for Catholic priests to be allowed to celebrate Mass four times per day on Sundays and certain holy days (contrary to the provisions of then-applicable 1917 CIC 806) being sought. This highly unusual permission was granted by Pope Paul VI for a five-year period beginning in 1967. See Canon Law Digest VI: 550.
As a designated place in the 2016 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, Grouard Mission recorded a population of 255 living in 85 of its 110 total private dwellings, a change of −15.8% from its 2011 population of 303. With a land area of 4.56 km2 (1.76 sq mi), it had a population density of 55.9/km2 (144.8/sq mi) in 2016.
As a designated place in the 2011 Census, Grouard Mission had a population of 303 living in 84 of its 106 total dwellings, a -5.9% change from its 2006 population of 322. With a land area of 4.38 km2 (1.69 sq mi), it had a population density of 69.18/km2 (179.2/sq mi) in 2011.
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Northern Lakes College has a campus in Grouard next to the Kapawe'no First Nations Reserve. The college offers family residences for students. The Native Cultural Arts Museum is a part of Northern Lakes College and is located in the Moosehorn Lodge at the Grouard campus. The Museum’s collection celebrates various aspects of Indigenous cultures, with a special focus on Métis peoples and the Woodland Cree of northern Alberta.
Northland School Division No. 61 hosts grades K-9. Students who continue from grade 9 travel by bus to attend high school in High Prairie. Grouard students also have the option to attend school from K-12 in High Prairie.
- Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Grouard–McLennan
- List of communities in Alberta
- List of designated places in Alberta
- List of hamlets in Alberta
- "Specialized and Rural Municipalities and Their Communities" (PDF). Alberta Municipal Affairs. April 1, 2010. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 29, 2012. Retrieved June 6, 2010.
- "Annual Report of the Department of Public Works of the Province of Alberta, 1909" (PDF). Government of Alberta. 1910. p. 144. Retrieved October 26, 2015.
- Brown, Richard. "A Town Bypassed: Grouard, Alberta, and the Building of the Edmonton, Dunvegan and British Columbia Railway". The Archivist. Ottawa: National Archives of Canada (17). ISSN 0705-2855. Retrieved June 12, 2011.
- "Table 6a: Population by census divisions and subdivisions showing reorganization of rural areas, 1931-1946". Census of the Prairie Provinces, 1946. Volume I: Population. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1949. p. 428.
- "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and designated places, 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data (Alberta)". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2017. Retrieved February 13, 2017.
- "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and designated places, 2011 and 2006 censuses (Alberta)". Statistics Canada. 2012-02-08. Retrieved 2012-04-07.
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