Group R

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In relation to motorsport governed by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile, Group R refers to a set of regulations providing production-derived vehicles for rally competition. The Group R regulations were created in 2008 as a gradual replacement for Group A and Group N rally cars.[1][2] To comply with Group R regulations, a car must be homologated in Group A (or in some cases Group N) and receive one or more VR extensions. Each VR extension is a set of homologated parts and modifications, designed and sold (as a kit or as a complete car) by the manufacturer. As part of its structure, the Group R regulations have a provision for GT cars, known as R-GT.[3][4][5]

Classes[edit]

Group R consists of six classes, designated R1, R2, R3, R4, R5 and R-GT; some of these groups contain their own sub-groups, with cars allocated to each group based on their weight, engine size and powertrain. The first batch of rules, which were introduced in 2008, featured the R1, R2 and R3 classes. These were restricted to two-wheel drive cars with atmospheric engines up to 2000cc. Supercharged engines were allowed only in R3T (petrol) and R3D (diesel) sub-classes. Since 2015 the R1, R2 and R3 classes allow supercharged engines with a 1.5 equivalency factor for displacement.

Additional regulations were issued in 2011 which covered the R4 and R-GT classes; the R4 was conceived as an evolutionary step for previously-homologated Group N4 cars, turbocharged, all-wheel drive cars based on production models. The R4 class is for cars competing under Group N regulations for production cars prior to 2013. No new models would be homologated under R4 regulations, with the FIA taking the long-term view that these would be replaced by bespoke kit cars. The R4 Kit cars have a standard engine, four-wheel drive powertrain and suspension. In January 2017, French racecar manufacturer Oreca was selected as supplier.[6]

R-GT was introduced to allow Grand Touring cars that competed in sports car racing to enter rallies. The R5 class was designed to replace Super 2000 cars, and its regulations were introduced in 2013. Prior to 2014, there was no specific championship for cars entered under R-GT regulations, and R-GT cars were ineligible to score points in any existing championship outside the World Rally Championship. The FIA R-GT Cup for R-GT cars started in 2015, sharing some events from the WRC and ERC events.[7]

Teams and drivers are sorted into a specific championship based on the class their car fits into.[8] Cars classified as R1, R2 and R3 contested the WRC3 for two-wheel drive cars between 2013 and 2018; especially-prepared R3T, later R2B cars, were also used in the Junior World Rally Championship. Cars classified as R5 compete in the WRC2 and WRC3, whilst regional championships may allow R5 alongside existing Super 2000 and Group N Production Cars. Cars classified as RGT compete in the R-GT Cup.

Summary[edit]

FIA
Sporting Class
Group R
Class
Engine
capacity
Engine type Fuel Minimum
weight
Drivetrain Homologation
requirement
Championship
eligibility
Example
RC2 R5 1600cc Turbocharged Petrol 1230 kg Four-wheel drive TBA WRC-2, WRC-3[a] Škoda Fabia R5
R4 Over 2000cc Turbocharged Petrol 1300 kg[9] Four-wheel drive[9] n/a none[b] Subaru Impreza R4
RC4[c][10] R3T Up to 1620cc Turbocharged Petrol 1080 kg Two-wheel drive 2500 per year none[d] Citroën DS3 R3T[11]
R3C 1600cc to 2000cc Naturally aspirated Petrol 1080 kg Two-wheel drive 2500 per year none[e] Renault Clio R3C
1067cc to 1333cc Turbocharged none
R3D Up to 2000cc Supercharged Diesel 1150 kg Two-wheel drive 2500 per year Fiat Grande Punto R3D
RC4 R2B 1390cc to 1600cc Naturally aspirated Petrol 1030 kg Two-wheel drive 2500 per year J-WRC Ford Fiesta 1.6 R2[12]
927cc to 1067cc Turbocharged Ford Fiesta Ecoboost R2
R2C 1600cc to 2000cc Naturally aspirated Petrol 1080 kg Two-wheel drive 2500 per year none none
1067cc to 1333cc Turbocharged none
RC5 R1A Up to 1390cc Naturally aspirated Petrol 980 kg Two-wheel drive 2500 per year Toyota TMG Yaris R1A[2]
Up to 927cc Turbocharged none
R1B 1390cc to 1600cc Naturally aspirated Petrol 1030 kg Two-wheel drive 2500 per year Renault Twingo RS R1
927cc to 1067cc Turbocharged none
R-GT No limit Turbocharged or supercharged Petrol TBA Two-wheel drive TBA R-GT Cup Lotus Exige R-GT[4]


Models[edit]

The following models have been homologated by the FIA under Group R regulations:[13]

R1[edit]

Manufacturer Model Image
France Citroen Citroën DS3 Monte-Carlo WRC 2014 ES2 - 12048975956.jpg
United States Ford Ford Fiesta Mk 6 2021 Rally Bohemia - Kalina.jpg
France Renault Renault Twingo II 2013 Rallye Sunseeker (10367080843).jpg
Japan Suzuki Suzuki Baleno
Suzuki Swift Italian homologation
Japan Toyota Toyota Yaris 2012-rally-great-britain-by-2eightdsc 1244.jpg
Toyota Vitz Vits GRMN Montre 2018 001.jpg

R2[edit]

Manufacturer Model Image
France Citroen Citroën C2 Henri Haapamäki Rally Finland 2013 Surkee.JPG
United States Ford Ford Fiesta Mk 6 WRCweekend2011 (5569785631).jpg
Germany Opel Opel Adam Rally Poland 2021 Damian Łata.jpg
France Peugeot Peugeot 208 Rajd Polski - 2018 Catie Munnings 02.jpg
France Renault Renault Twingo II 2013 Rallye Sunseeker (10366877384).jpg
Czech Republic Skoda Škoda Fabia 2014 Rally Bohemia - Triner.jpg
Japan Suzuki Suzuki Swift Suzuki (6908561559).jpg

R3[edit]

Manufacturer Model Image
France Citroen Citroën DS3 R3T[14] Rajd Polski 2015 Osian Pryce.jpg
Italy Fiat Fiat Abarth 500 R3T Monte-Carlo WRC 2014 ES2 - 12048572434.jpg
Fiat Grande Punto R3D
Japan Honda Honda Civic R3C Martin Kangur Catalunya 2010.jpg
France Peugeot Peugeot 207 R3T 207cardabelles2010.JPG
France Renault Renault Clio III R3C Albert MARQUINA & Oscar DARDER RENAULT Clio R3 (5110330171).jpg
Renault Clio IV R3T[15] S Clair at Basse Correo Stage, Rallye Monte-Carlo 2019.jpg
Japan Toyota Toyota GT86 R3C GAZOO Racing GR 86x.jpg

R4[edit]

Based on Group N

Manufacturer Model Image
Japan Mitsubishi Mitsubishi Lancer Evolution IX Vytautas Svedas Mitsubishi Lancer Evo IX.jpg
Mitsubishi Lancer Evolution X Luis Ignacio Rosselot - Pucón 2012.jpg
Japan Subaru Subaru Impreza WRX STI 3rd Gen. WRCweekend2011 42 DBD (5583228341).jpg
Subaru WRX STI 4th Gen.

New vehicles under the FIA R4 Kit project in partnership with Oreca:[16][17]

Manufacturer Model Developer Image
Germany Audi Audi A1 SSM R4 Signed Streets Motorsport[18] Croatia Rally 2021 - Enrico Windisch.jpg
Romania Dacia Dacia Sandero R4 [19] (digital concept by Oreca)[20] Rally de Ourense 2016 - Miguel GARCIA.jpg
Italy Fiat Fiat 500X R4 (digital concept by Oreca)[21]
United States Ford Ford Fiesta R4[22]
Russia Lada Lada Kalina R4 (digital concept by Oreca)[23]
United Kingdom Mini Mini One F56 Rally2-Kit[24][25]
Japan Nissan Nissan Micra R4 (digital concept by Dytko Sport)[26]
Czech Republic Škoda Škoda Fabia R4[27][25]
Japan Suzuki Suzuki Swift R4LLY S[28][25] Rally Poland 2021 Javier Pardo Siota.jpg
Japan Toyota Toyota Etios R4 (developed by Oreca)[29]
Toyota Yaris R4 (developed by Evolve Sport)[30]

R5[edit]

Cars approved for competition in the World Rally Championship-2:

Manufacturer Car Debut Image
France Citroen Citroën DS3 R5 2012 Rali Serras de Fafe 2018 - 29.jpg
Citroën C3 R5 2018 2019 Rally Poland - Łukasz Kotarba.jpg
United Kingdom Ford Ford Fiesta R5 2013 2016 Rally GB - Marius Aasen.jpg
South Korea Hyundai Hyundai i20 R5 2018 2019 Rally Poland - Daniel Chwist.jpg
France Peugeot Peugeot 208 T16 R5 2014 Rajd Polski 2015 Martin Koči.jpg
Malaysia Proton Proton Iriz R5[31] 2017 Rally Poland 2021 Nabila Tejpar.jpg
Czech Republic Skoda Škoda Fabia R5 2015 Rally Poland 2021 Robert Blomberg.jpg
Germany Volkswagen Volkswagen Polo GTI R5 2018 KristofferssonRallySweden2020(1).jpg

Cars homologated with national ASNs may compete at national level or with FIA approval may compete in FIA Regional Championships (European Rally Trophy, African Rally Championship, Asia-Pacific Rally Championship, Codasur South American Rally Championship and NACAM Rally Championship), as per Article 12.3 of the FIA Regional Rally Sporting Regulations.[32]:

Manufacturer Car Debut Image
Japan Mitsubishi Mitsubishi Mirage R5[33] 2014 Rallymobil 2018, Mitsubishi Mirage R5 (44534558781).jpg
Germany Opel Opel Corsa R5[34] 2017
Japan Toyota Toyota Etios R5[35] 2016 Ale-FX.jpg

R-GT[edit]

Manufacturer Car Image
Italy Abarth Abarth 124 Spider 2020 Rally Bohemia - Rada 02.jpg
France Alpine Alpine A110 Rally Lancement Alpine A110 RGT.jpg
United Kingdom Aston Martin Aston Martin Vantage V8 R-GT Sebastian Vettel - 2007 Race of Champions 3.jpg
United Kingdom Lotus Lotus Exige R-GT Lotus Exige R-GT fl.jpg
Germany Porsche Porsche 911 GT3 Sergio Vallejo, Rias Baixas 2014 Chenlo2.JPG
Porsche Cayman GT4 (Typ 981c) Porsche Cayman GT4 Rallye on the Panzerplatte at Rallye Deutschland 2018, driven by Romain Dumas with Denis Giraudet.jpg

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Previously eligible to compete in the World Rally Championship-2 Pro.
  2. ^ Previously eligible to compete in the World Rally Championship-2.
  3. ^ R3 cars were originally RC3 but were reclassified to RC4 in 2021.
  4. ^ Previously eligible to compete in the World Rally Championship-3 and Junior World Rally Championship.
  5. ^ Previously eligible to compete in the World Rally Championship-3.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Specific regulations for cars in Groups R" (PDF). FIA.com. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile. 19 May 2012. Retrieved 23 August 2012.
  2. ^ a b Elizalde, Pablo (13 August 2012). "Toyota unveils entry-level WRC Yaris". Autosport.com. Haymarket Publications. Retrieved 23 August 2012. Toyota said the car will be able to compete in the World Rally Championship under the R1A regulations once it is homologated by the FIA before the end of the year.
  3. ^ "Specific Regulations for GT Production Cars" (PDF). FIA.com. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile. 19 May 2012. Retrieved 23 August 2012.
  4. ^ a b Paur, Jason (23 December 2011). "Lotus Shakes Down Its Rally-Spec Exige". Autopia. Wired. Retrieved 23 August 2012.
  5. ^ Holmes, Martin (19 December 2011), The Return of the Rallying Sports Car, archived from the original on 26 April 2012, retrieved 23 August 2012
  6. ^ R4 Kits for regional and national rally cars - FIA, 27 January 2017
  7. ^ "WRC welcomes FIA R-GT Cup". wrc.com. WRC Promoter GmbH. 29 September 2014. Retrieved 2 October 2014.
  8. ^ "Exciting changes for 2013 WRC". wrc.com. WRC Promoter GmbH. 21 Sep 2012. Retrieved 1 Oct 2012.
  9. ^ a b "Article 260 (2014) - Specific Regulations for Group R Cars - published on 11.04.2014" (PDF). fia.com. Federation Internationale de l'automobile. Retrieved 18 April 2014.
  10. ^ "FIA WRC Sporting Regulations 2021" (PDF).
  11. ^ "81e Rallye Monte Carlo 2013 Entry List" (PDF). rallye-magazin.de. Monte Carlo Rally. 20 December 2012. Retrieved 21 December 2012.
  12. ^ "Junior WRC is where it's at, says top rally man". wrc.com. WRC Promoter GmbH. 6 December 2012. Retrieved 20 January 2013.
  13. ^ Fernischumi (3 April 2013). "Las categorías de los rallyes: Grupo N, RGT, R4, R3, R2 y R1 (2/2)".
  14. ^ "Citroen DS3 R3 rally car for FIA Group R3T regulations". Paultan.org.
  15. ^ Carlos Argüelles-Meres Cueto. "El Renault Clio R3T progresa adecuadamente". Archived from the original on 2013-11-29.
  16. ^ "FIA R4 - the Kit EN".
  17. ^ "Rally Spec 101 ¿Qué es el Kit FIA R4?". 21 February 2018.
  18. ^ "Signed Streets Motorsport". www.facebook.com. Retrieved 2019-08-14.
  19. ^ "ORECA presenta un Dacia Sandero R4 y el proceso para homologar su kit".
  20. ^ "ORECA presenta un Dacia Sandero R4 y el proceso para homologar su kit".
  21. ^ "¿Un Fiat 500X de rallyes? El Kit FIA R4 lo ha hecho posible y se espera su debut para 2019".
  22. ^ "Fiesta EVOLVE – EVOLVE MOTORSPORT".
  23. ^ "Después del Dacia Sandero, ORECA presenta su propio Lada Kalina R4".
  24. ^ "MINI One F56 Rally2+kit".
  25. ^ a b c "Specific Regulations for Cars fitted with R4 KIT" (PDF).
  26. ^ "Dytko Sport prepara un Nissan Micra R4 con el kit FIA".
  27. ^ "R4 rally cars and Rally2 Kit".
  28. ^ "SUZUKI MOTOR IBERICA ENTERS ERC2 WITH SWIFT R4LLY S".
  29. ^ "FIA R4 - the concept EN".
  30. ^ "Yaris R4 EVOLVE – EVOLVE MOTORSPORT".
  31. ^ "El Proton Iriz R5 recibe la homologación".
  32. ^ "FIA Regional Rally Regulations 2021" (PDF).
  33. ^ http://www.mitsubishir5.com/
  34. ^ "R5 Corsa breaks cover".
  35. ^ "Toyota R5: Nos subimos al Etios más rápido del mundo". 2 May 2017.