Group of 15

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Group of 15
G15 Nations 01.png
Members of G-15 [1]
FormationSeptember 1989
1990 (Summit)
PurposeAct as a catalyst for greater cooperation between leading developing countries.[2]
G-15 Chair

The Group of 15 (G-15)[1] is an informal forum set up to foster cooperation and provide input for other international groups, such as the World Trade Organization (WTO) and the Group of Seven. It was established at the Ninth Non-Aligned Movement Summit Meeting in Belgrade, Yugoslavia, in September 1989, and is composed of countries from Latin America, Africa, and Asia with a common goal of enhanced growth and prosperity. The G-15 focuses on cooperation among developing countries in the areas of investment, trade, and technology. Membership has since expanded to 18 countries, but the name has remained unchanged.[3] Chile, Iran and Kenya have since joined the Group of 15, whereas Yugoslavia is no longer part of the group; Peru, a founding member-state, decided to leave the G-15 in 2011.[4]

Structure and activities[edit]

Some of the objectives of the G-15 are:

  • To harness the considerable potential for greater and mutually beneficial cooperation among developing countries
  • To conduct a regular review of the impact of the world situation and of the state of international economic relations on developing countries
  • To serve as a forum for regular consultations among developing countries with a view to coordinate policies and actions
  • To identify and implement new and concrete schemes for South-South cooperation and mobilize wider support for them
  • To pursue a more positive and productive North-South dialogue and to find new ways of dealing with problems in a cooperative, constructive and mutually supportive manner.[5]

By design, the G-15 has avoided establishing an administrative structure like those for international organizations, such as the United Nations or the World Bank; but the G-15 does have a Technical Support Facility (TSF) located in Geneva. The TSF functions under the direction of the Chairman for the current year. The TSF provides necessary support for the activities of the G-15 and for its objectives.[6] Other organs and functions of the G-15 include:

  • Summit of heads of state and government: The G-15's summit is organized biennially, with the venue being rotated among the three developing regions of the G-15 membership.[6]
  • Annual meetings of Ministers of Foreign Affairs: G-15 Ministers of Foreign Affairs typically meet once a year to coordinate group activities and to prepare for the nest summit of G-15 leaders.[6]
  • Steering committee (Troika): A steering committee, or Troika, is composed of three foreign ministers, one from the preceding summit host country, the present host country and the anticipated next host countries. These three are responsible for oversight and coordination.[6]
  • Personal representatives of heads of state and government: Each member country is represented by personal representatives of heads of state and government who meet regularly in Geneva.[6]

In addition, the Federation of Chambers of Commerce, Industry and Services (FCCIS) is a private sector forum of G-15 member countries. The purpose of the FCCIS is to coordinate and maximize efforts which promote business, economic development and joint investment in G-15 nations.[6]

In 2010, the chairmanship of the G-15 was accepted by Sri Lanka at the conclusion of the 14th G-15 summit in Tehran.[7]

Members countries and organizations[edit]

Region Member Leader Foreign minister Population GDP (PPP, billion USD) GDP per capita (PPP, USD)
Africa  Algeria President Abdelmadjid Tebboune Minister of Foreign Affairs Sabri Boukadoum 35,954,000 263.7 7,333
 Egypt President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi Minister of Foreign Affairs Sameh Shoukry 79,356,000 519.0 6,539.8
 Kenya President Uhuru Kenyatta Minister of Foreign Affairs Raychelle Omamo 40,910,000 71.4 1,746
 Nigeria President Muhammadu Buhari Minister of Foreign Affairs Geoffrey Onyeama 174,507,539 1109 6,204
 Senegal President Macky Sall Minister of Foreign Affairs Aïssata Tall Sall 13,443,000 25.2 1,871
 Zimbabwe President Emmerson Mnangagwa Minister of Foreign Affairs Frederick Shava 12,575,000 6.1 487
Asia  India Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi Ministry of External Affairs Subrahmanyam Jaishankar 1,206,917,000 4457.8 3,693.5
 Indonesia President Joko Widodo Minister of Foreign Affairs Retno Marsudi 241,030,000 1124.6 10,585.4
 Iran President Hassan Rouhani Minister of Foreign Affairs Mohammad Javad Zarif 75,859,000 990.2 13,053
 Malaysia Prime Minister Muhyiddin Yassin Minister of Foreign Affairs Hishammuddin Hussein 28,731,000 447.3 15,568
 Sri Lanka President Maithripala Sirisena Minister of External Affairs Dinesh Gunawardena 20,541,000 116.5 5,674
Latin America and the Caribbean  Argentina President Alberto Fernández Ministry of Foreign Affairs, International Trade and Worship Felipe Solá 43,417,000 816.4 17,516
 Brazil President Jair Bolsonaro Minister of External Relations Ernesto Araújo 205,338,000 3294.2 11,769
 Chile President Sebastián Piñera Minister of Foreign Affairs Andrés Allamand 18,006,407 299.6 17,222
 Jamaica Prime Minister Andrew Holness Minister of Foreign Affairs and Foreign Trade Kamina Johnson-Smith 2,741,000 24.8 9,029
 Mexico President Andrés Manuel López Obrador Secretary of Foreign Affairs Marcelo Ebrard 119,530,753 2999.6 14,610
 Venezuela President Nicolás Maduro Minister of Foreign Affairs Jorge Arreaza 31,416,000 374.1 12,568

G-15 Summits[edit]

Date Host country Host city Host
1st G-15 summit 1–3 June 1990 Malaysia Kuala Lumpur Mahathir Mohamad
2nd G-15 summit 27–29 November 1991 Venezuela Caracas Carlos Andrés Pérez
3rd G-15 summit 21–23 November 1992 Senegal Dakar Abdou Diouf
5th G-15 summit 5–7 November 1995 Argentina Buenos Aires Carlos Menem
6th G-15 summit 3–5 November 1996 Zimbabwe Harare Robert Mugabe
7th G-15 summit 28 October – 5 November 1997 Malaysia Kuala Lumpur Mahathir Mohamad
8th G-15 summit 11–13 May 1998 Egypt Cairo Hosni Mubarak
9th G-15 summit 10–12 February 1999 Jamaica Montego Bay P. J. Patterson
10th G-15 summit 19–20 June 2000 Egypt Cairo Hosni Mubarak
11th G-15 summit 30–31 May 2001 Indonesia Jakarta Abdurrahman Wahid
12th G-15 summit 27–28 February 2004 Venezuela Caracas Hugo Chávez
13th G-15 summit 14 September 2006 Cuba Havana Raúl Castro
14th G-15 summit 17 May 2010 Iran Tehran Mahmoud Ahmadinejad
15th G-15 summit 2012 Sri Lanka Colombo Mahinda Rajapaksa

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b The official website Archived 2017-09-12 at the Wayback Machine adopts the "G-15" orthography (with a hyphen) in order to distinguish an abbreviated reference to this group -- contrasts with other similarly named entities.
  2. ^ "Aims and Objectives" Archived 2010-04-29 at the Wayback Machine, G-15 website
  3. ^ PressTV Archived 2010-06-01 at the Wayback Machine: "Iran to Host G15 Summit." Archived 2012-06-06 at the Wayback Machine May 20, 2010.
  4. ^ G15 members Archived 2012-04-24 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ "Aims and Objectives" Archived 2010-04-29 at the Wayback Machine G-15 website
  6. ^ a b c d e f "About the G-15". Archived from the original on 2010-04-29. Retrieved 2010-06-08.
  7. ^ Prematillake, Tharindu. "Lanka Heads Powerful G-15 Serving Collective Interests" Archived 2010-05-28 at the Wayback Machine. The Nation (Colombo). May 22, 2010.
  8. ^ "World Economic Outlook Database, April 2012". IMF.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]