Group of Thirty

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Group of Thirty
Consultative Group on International Economic and Monetary Affairs, Inc.
Established1978; 45 years ago (1978)
ChairTharman Shanmugaratnam[1]
Executive DirectorStuart P. M. Mackintosh
Budget$448k (FY07)
Address1701 K Street, NW, Suite 950 Washington, DC 20006 USA

The Group of Thirty, often abbreviated to G30, is an international body of financiers and academics which aims to deepen understanding of economic and financial issues and to examine consequences of decisions made in the public and private sectors. Areas within the interest of the group include: the foreign exchange market, international capital markets, international financial institutions, central banks and their supervision of financial services and markets, and macroeconomic issues such as product and labor markets.

The group is noted for its advocacy of changes in global clearing and settlement.


The Group of Thirty was founded in 1978 by Geoffrey Bell at the initiative of the Rockefeller Foundation,[2] which also provided initial funding for the body. Its first chairman was Johannes Witteveen, the former managing director of the International Monetary Fund. The G30's current Chairman is Tharman Shanmugaratnam.[3] Its current Chairman of the Board of Trustees is Jacob Frenkel, and Paul Volcker is Chairman Emeritus.

The Bellagio Group,[4] formed by Austrian economist Fritz Machlup, was the immediate predecessor to the Group of Thirty.[5] It first met in 1963, at the Rockefeller Foundation Center (Villa Serbelloni) in Bellagio,[6] to investigate international currency problems, particularly the balance of payments crisis which America faced throughout the early 1960s.

In June 2011, the group released a report that examines the 2008 financial crisis, including the causes, the responses and the future outlook for the United States and other markets.[7]

In January 2018, the European Ombudsman Emily O'Reilly requested that ECB President Mario Draghi resign from the group because his membership in the organization could be interpreted as undue influence.[8]


The group consists of thirty members and includes the heads of major private banks and central banks, as well as members from academia and international institutions. Current members of the group include current and former heads of the central banks of Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Israel, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Nigeria, Poland, Singapore, Spain, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, and the United States as well as two presidents of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, two presidents of the European Central Bank, a chairman of the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision, two chairmen of the Bank for International Settlements, two chief economists of the International Monetary Fund, a chief economist of the World Bank, and the former president of Mexico. It holds two full meetings each year and also organises seminars, symposia, and study groups. It is based in Washington, D.C.


  1. ^ "Tharman Shanmugaratnam named chairman of G30, a group of leading global economists". The Straits Times. Straits Times. 30 November 2016. Retrieved 30 November 2016.
  2. ^ Karen Epper Hoffman (March 25, 2005). "G30 Members Discuss Critical Concerns For American Corporations". AFP Online. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007.
  3. ^ "G30 November 22 11 Press Release FINAL" (PDF). Group of Thirty. Archived from the original (PDF) on January 13, 2014. Retrieved October 13, 2013.
  4. ^ "Bellagio Group". MIT. Retrieved 3 August 2020.
  5. ^ Gottfried Haberler. "Fritz Machlup: In Memoriam" (PDF). Cato Journal. Cato Institute. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-03-16.
  6. ^ "Bellagio Center, Rockefeller Foundation". Retrieved 3 August 2020.
  7. ^ Russo, Thomas A.; Katzel, Aaron J. "The 2008 Financial Crisis and Its Aftermath: Addressing the Next Debt Challenge" (PDF). Group of Thirty. Retrieved April 8, 2014.
  8. ^ Canepa, Francesco (January 17, 2018). "UPDATE 1 - EU ombudsman urges ECB's Draghi to leave G30 club of financiers". Reuters. Retrieved January 17, 2018.