Groupes urbains de sécurité

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Groupes urbains de sécurité (GUS) (also known as "Croatia"[1]) (English: Urban Security Groups) is a defunct Moroccan special police unit which deals with urban matters using the "rapid intervention approach."

Background[edit]

GUS was established by the Direction Générale de la Sûreté Nationale (DGSN) (the main national police body) on October 17, 2005. The initiative lies within the scope of a general reform, whose principle was "the Police force, near to you for your safety". As of October 2006, GUS comprised between 4,000 and 5,000 agents.[2]

The GUS are considered first-aid workers and all members speak English. They were attached to arrondissements. Because of its nature as an auxiliary police, GUS, for example did not have the right to confiscate driver licences or to file official reports.[3]

Before its disbanding, GUS comprised 6 groups. They were equipped with Peugeot Partner vans and Honda motorcycles.

Because of reforms within the national police and army bodies, the body was disbanded on October 16, 2006, exactly one year later.

The members of the GUS are to be redeployed to other police departments such as criminal investigation departments and judiciary police.

Criticism and disbanding[edit]

While many Moroccans regarded the presence of GUS as a relief, many others considered it as a step back to the rule of the Makhzen.[4]

The disbanding came after many criticisms about excesses or abuses of power were noted. Some irresponsible actions of certain members of this police turned over the public opinion which became discreditory.

GUS were also accused of corruption especially. In many cases, civil offenders used to pay a bribe (between 10 and 20 dirhams. This led to the appearance of the popular nickname; "10 drahem".[5]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and sources[edit]

  1. ^ in reference to the use of caps in red and white squares similar to those on the flag of Croatia
  2. ^ Les GUS partent, la police nationale reste (in French)
  3. ^ Croatia ou les Groupes Urbains de Securité (GUS) Archived 2007-03-13 at the Wayback Machine (in French)
  4. ^ The Moroccan authoritative system during the rule of former King Hassan II
  5. ^ La police marocaine veut redorer son blason (in French)