Grovetown, Georgia

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Grovetown, Georgia
City
Motto(s): A community that cares
Location in Columbia County and the state of Georgia
Location in Columbia County and the state of Georgia
Coordinates: 33°26′58″N 82°11′49″W / 33.44944°N 82.19694°W / 33.44944; -82.19694Coordinates: 33°26′58″N 82°11′49″W / 33.44944°N 82.19694°W / 33.44944; -82.19694
Country United States
State Georgia
County Columbia
Area
 • Total 4.83 sq mi (12.52 km2)
 • Land 4.82 sq mi (12.49 km2)
 • Water 0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)
Elevation 482 ft (147 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 11,216
 • Estimate (2016)[1] 13,463
 • Density 2,326/sq mi (898.0/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 30813
Area code(s) 706
FIPS code 13-35716[2]
GNIS feature ID 0356123[3]
Website cityofgrovetown.com

Grovetown is a city in Columbia County, Georgia, United States. It is part of the Augusta metropolitan area and the Central Savannah River Area. In the 2013 United States Census estimates, it had a population of 12,389.[4] The mayor is Gary Jones.[5]

Geography[edit]

Grovetown is located in southern Columbia County at 33°26′58″N 82°11′49″W / 33.44944°N 82.19694°W / 33.44944; -82.19694 (33.449324, -82.196972).[6] Downtown Augusta is 15 miles (24 km) east. The northern boundary of Fort Gordon is 2 miles (3 km) south.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Grovetown has a total area of 4.8 square miles (12.5 km2), of which 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2), or 0.23%, is water.[7]

Transportation[edit]

Georgia State Route 223 (SR 223) is known as Robinson Avenue from just northwest of Fort Gordon's Gate 2 to the intersection with Harlem–Grovetown Road and SR 388. It is known as Wrightsboro Road past this point. At this intersection, SR 388 takes on the Wrightsboro Road name until it meets Katherine Street. At this intersection, the highway turns left onto Horizon South Parkway, while Wrightsboro Road continues toward Augusta.

There are other important highways outside the city limits. Interstate 20 (Carl Sanders Highway), which leads west to Atlanta and east to Augusta and Columbia, S.C., is 2 mi (3.2 km) north. US 78/US 278/SR 10, known as Gordon Highway, is located just south of the city limits west of Fort Gordon's Gate 2, and runs between Harlem and Augusta. SR 383 (Jimmie Dyess Parkway), is 5 mi (8.0 km) east and connects Fort Gordon's Gate 1 to Evans.

History[edit]

From the building of the Georgia Railroad which passes through town until at least the 1860s, the community was known as "Belair".[8] The city was chartered by the Georgia Legislature and officially incorporated in 1881. The name of the small village purportedly came from the old Grove Baptist Church that was founded in 1808. A poet famous in the post-Civil War era, Paul Hamilton Hayne, moved to Copse Hill in the Parham Road area in the 1860s. A man of letters, Hayne solicited the postal service to establish the Grovetown post office. The first U.S. mail service was inaugurated on September 28, 1877, with Charles Clifford as postmaster. Mr. Clifford was also the train depot agent and the owner of the corner store.

The first railroad depot was a small structure built in 1878-79. The last depot was an ornate structure built in 1891 at a cost of $5,041.74. It served the citizens of Grovetown until 1970, when passenger trains no longer ran the Augusta-Atlanta line. It was demolished in 1973.

Many wealthy and influential Augusta residents had summer homes in Grovetown, escaping the heat and disease of the city in the swampy river area. They commuted on the old "Picayune" train, relying on its frequent service. The Rosland Hotel, later known as the "Eagle", was built in the 1880s. Its huge rotunda was frequently used for church gatherings, suppers, parties, and dances. The hotel later became a boarding house and burned in the 1970s. The Church of Christ is now located on the site.

Several country stores were established on Old Wrightsboro Road near the railroad crossing. One was S. F. Poole's store, where the gazebo now stands, with a "philosophers' bench" by the door. During the early days, many famous residents lived in the Grovetown area: Hayne, the literary figure; Stewart Phinizy and James Tobin, cotton brokers; Charles Phinizy, banker and railroad president; Dr. H. H. Steiner, physician; and John Dodge, pharmacist and harness racing enthusiast. Dodge brought his stable from Ohio and built a large home and racetrack.

With the construction of Camp Gordon in 1942, Grovetown experienced rapid growth; it was no longer a small agricultural town. Many military families looked to Grovetown for housing. Gradually more and more retired military saw the benefits of living in the small town and population began to grow and stabilize.

Annexation and multi-housing construction has increased the population of the formerly quiet town. Currently, Grovetown has a population of approximately 11,000, up from the 1990 census figure of 3,596. A variety of stores, dining establishments, schools, and churches add to the town's culture. Services include recreational facilities, a public safety department, two fire stations, water and sewer services, a senior center, and museum.

Museum[edit]

Grovetown city officials were in the process of building a new city hall in 1997. The land was purchased, but a dilapidated historical home built in the late 19th century stood in the way. During a city council meeting the mayor stated that they had decided to torch the building and give the city fire department a training experience.

Rosa Lee Owens, a teacher and a city resident, asked permission to address the issue. She related that the historic building was a part of Grovetown history and the building should be preserved rather than destroyed. She proposed having the building relocated on the property and restored as a museum to preserve the past. After some discussion both pro and con the Mayor and Council decided to accept her proposal.

The city budget did not include restoration funds for the historical home to become a city museum. Consequently, Mayor Dennis Trudeau was determined to move forward as he applied for and received a grant to establish the Grovetown Museum, the first museum in Columbia County. Owens contacted the Fort Gordon museum curator for advice to design floor plans for exhibits. She then contacted Harlem High School to implement a project to build exhibit cases; she paid for all necessary supplies for nine cases. Instead of purchasing locks and handles for the cases, screws were used to hold the case doors. She then bargained with Montgomery Ward to buy unfinished cases and was able to use the local police department's community servants for putting them together. By this time a number of citizens offered support. Charles Lord, a local historian, began collecting and organizing exhibits. Others volunteered their time and effort to prepare for the grand opening in March 2000. City officials organized a Grovetown Museum Board with by-laws for operating the facility. Volunteers served as weekend tour guides originally. Later the museum was included in the city budget.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 527
1910 558 5.9%
1920 425 −23.8%
1930 267 −37.2%
1960 1,396
1970 3,169 127.0%
1980 3,384 6.8%
1990 3,596 6.3%
2000 6,089 69.3%
2010 11,216 84.2%
Est. 2016 13,463 [1] 20.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 6,089 people, 2,159 households, and 1,597 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,111.9 people per square mile (816.3/km²). There were 2,473 housing units at an average density of 857.7 per square mile (331.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 70.95% White, 19.94% African American, 0.56% Native American, 1.56% Asian, 0.28% Pacific Islander, 3.05% from other races, and 3.66% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.25% of the population.

There were 2,159 households out of which 47.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.6% were married couples living together, 18.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.0% were non-families. 20.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.82 and the average family size was 3.24.

In the city, the population was spread out with 33.6% under the age of 18, 10.5% from 18 to 24, 36.3% from 25 to 44, 14.4% from 45 to 64, and 5.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28 years. For every 100 females there were 99.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $33,382, and the median income for a family was $32,546. Males had a median income of $28,432 versus $21,489 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,256. About 16.3% of families and 18.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.5% of those under age 18 and 15.9% of those age 65 or over.

Schools[edit]

Grovetown High School, Grovetown Middle School, Columbia Middle School, Grovetown Elementary School, Baker Place Elementary School, Brookwood Elementary School, Cedar Ridge Elementary School, and Euchee Creek Elementary School serve the city.[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ "Grovetown (city) QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau". Retrieved 29 September 2014. 
  5. ^ "Grovetown, Georgia (GA) Hotels, Homes, and Jobs". Retrieved 29 September 2014. 
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Grovetown city, Georgia". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved July 29, 2014. 
  8. ^ Georgia.gov - City of Grovetown
  9. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  10. ^ http://www.ccboe.net

External links[edit]