||It has been suggested that Drinovci be merged into this article. (Discuss) Proposed since September 2016.|
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|Municipality and town|
Location of Grude in Bosnia and Herzegovina
|Country||Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|Entity||Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|• Mayor||Ljubo Grizelj (HDZ BiH)|
|• Total||220.8 km2 (85.3 sq mi)|
|• Land||220.8 km2 (85.3 sq mi)|
|• Water||0 km2 (0 sq mi)|
|• Density||81/km2 (210/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Area code||+387 049|
Grude ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a town and municipality in West Herzegovina. It is located in West Herzegovina Canton in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Pre-history and ancient times
Testimony about life in these regions are still present in prehistoric times. In place of Ravlić cave, which is located in Drinovci, were found traces of life dating from the later Neolithic period.The life in these regions has been flowing continuously - the peoples, cultures and civilizations have been changing. In later, but historical times, this soil had very living presence of the Romans, whose commercial road, connecting the two great ancient trading center - Salon and Narona, was passing through the region. Recent archaeological excavations at the site in Gorica confirm that on this soil in ancient times there was a significant Roman settlement. Middle Ages is a time of tombstones - stećak and in municipality of Grude can be found practically everywhere - which proves that at that time was quite a big life. Undoubtedly it is a merit favorable geographical position of this region, as well as the relatively mild climate, together with rich natural resources. Rarely can see where this unusual combination of brutality and tameness of nature that we find in the region Imotski-bekijsko fields - arable land is relatively rich in water in contrast to the fierce and rocky, which is surrounded by.
End of the Middle Ages was marked by the Ottoman expansion and conquest.
After the Turks, Austria-Hungary arrived. This is a short transitional period in which were built numerous schools and infrastructure needed for the functioning of a modern European state, but this is somehow persistently ignored in the overall modernization. Like most of the West Herzegovina cities, Grude was labeled as pro-Ustaše region. Therefore, it has been demonized by the officials of SFRY. The investments were very poor in it. That caused huge poverty and lot of people emigrated to Zagreb and Dalmatia, as well as to Germany as gastarbeiter. Today the municipality is among the most developed in Bosnia-Herzegovina, with numerous medium and small business corporations, Violeta paper factory being the biggest brand. In Grude were founded Croatian Republic of Herceg-Bosna and the Croatian Defense Council (HVO).
- Donji Mamići
- Drinovačko Brdo
- Croats - 19,111 (99.52%)
- Serbs - 32 (0.16%)
- Muslims - 4 (0.03%)
- Yugoslavs - 5 (0.02%)
- others - 55 (0.30%)
In the 1991 census, the municipality of Grude had a population of 16,358 residents:
- 16,210 Croats (99.09%)
- 9 Serbs (0.05%)
- 4 Muslims (0.02%)
- 5 Yugoslavs (0.03%)
- 130 others (0.79%)
During the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Grude was one of the bastions of the "rebellion" against the aggression of the Yugoslav Army. The late 1990s and early 2000s were marked by recent war and the struggle for survival, whereas today Grude is experiencing cultural and economic renaissance.
Traffic and road connections
Grude is placed on the crossroads of two big roads:Slavonski Brod-Ploče and Mostar-Split. Through grude also goes master road M-6 Grude - Ljubuški - Čapljina - Metković. Besides that there are also 3 regional roads :
- R 420 Grude - Privalj - Široki Brijeg - Mostar
- R 421 Sovići-Klobuk
- regional road Grude-Posušje ( outside category)
The town is home to the football club HNK Grude. NK Drinovci is based nearby in Drinovci (located in the same municipality). De Boules clubs Grude, Sv. Stipan, Sovići. Grude was host for the World Bowling Championship 2007.
- Milan Bandić
- Mate Boban
- Rafael Boban
- Ljubo Jurčić
- Mile Pešorda
- Andrijica Šimić
- Antun Branko Šimić
- Blago Zadro
Radio Grude is broadcast from the town.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Grude.|
Grude travel guide from Wikivoyage