Grumman G-73 Mallard
|Grumman G-73T Turbo Mallard of Pearl Aviation landing at Darwin Airport (2010)|
|First flight||30 April 1946|
|Primary user||Chalk's Ocean Airways|
|Developed into||Grumman HU-16 Albatross|
The Grumman G-73 Mallard is a medium, twin-engined amphibious aircraft. Many have been modified by replacing the original Pratt & Whitney Wasp H radial engines with modern turboprop engines. Manufactured from 1946 to 1951, production ended when Grumman's larger SA-16 Albatross was introduced.
Design and development
Building on the success of the Goose and Widgeon, Grumman Aircraft developed larger G-73 Mallard for commercial use. Retaining many of the features of the smaller aircraft, such as twin radial engines, high wings with underwing floats, retractable landing gear and a large straight tail, the company built 59 Mallards between 1946 and 1951. Unlike the smaller aircraft, the Mallard featured tricycle gear, stressed skin, a two-step hull and wingtip fuel tanks.
The Mallard prototype first flew on 30 April 1946, with the first production aircraft entering service in September of that year. While the Mallard was designed for regional airline operations with two pilots and ten passengers, especially aimed at harbor-based, city-to-city hops on the eastern seaboard, postwar surplus aircraft sales and the availability of smaller airports limited market potential. A number of smaller air carriers did use the Mallard in its intended role, notably Tahiti-Hawaii Airlines and Pacific Western Airlines (Canada). However, most of the 59 Mallards delivered were for corporate use. A prominent user in the United States was Roy Fruehauf and the Fruehauf Trailer Corporation. Fruehauf owned and operated a fishing camp, Killarney Lodge at Georgian Bay, Canada, and ferried customers there from Detroit. Another Detroiter, William Packer of General Motors, also owned a Mallard, which he often flew to Killarney. another Mallard was purchased in the early 1950s by the Aga Khan.
The Toronto Globe & Mail newspaper owned one for use as a "flying newsroom".
The Mallard received a new lease on life in the 1970s when a number of airframes were refitted by Frakes Aviation with Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A turbines and upgraded for 17 passengers, to become "Turbo Mallards." Today, through attrition, only 32 Mallards remain registered in the United States. Many of the rest are in use around the globe.
A similar program has been undertaken by Paspaley Pearling in combination with Aeronautical Engineers Australia to fit new engines and modernize its Mallard fleet, which is used to support its pearling operations in Northern Australia. The fleet has been extensively rebuilt and also refitted with PT6A turbines, and is currently undergoing a life extension program.
Chalk's flight 101 in 2005
Chalk's Ocean Airways purchased Mallard N1208 from the Fruehauf Corporation and later acquired several other examples of the aircraft. The type received much attention after a Turbo Mallard, operating as Chalk's Ocean Airways Flight 101, crashed after takeoff from Miami Harbor on December 19, 2005, bound for Bimini, Bahamas. Eighteen passengers and two crew perished when the right wing separated from the fuselage of the 58-year-old aircraft. The cause of the accident was determined by the subsequent investigation to be undetected cracks and/or corrosion in the wing spar.
Prior to 2005, Chalk's Ocean Airways had an exemplary safety record operating Mallards for many years between Florida and the Bahamas, having never had a passenger fatality since the company began operations in 1917.
Australia Day 2017 at Perth
An original radial-engine Mallard, registration VH-CQA, crashed into the Swan River in Perth, Western Australia, on 26 January, 2017, during Australia Day celebrations, killing both the pilot, Peter Lynch, and his passenger. The cause of the accident was listed as pilot error and poor procedures on the part of the CASA and the City of Perth.
- Air Whitsunday (operated both the piston engine and turboprop engine variants)
- Pearl Aviation (Paspaley Pearling Co.)
- Trans Australia Airlines
- Antilles Air Boats
- Chalk's Ocean Airways (operated both the piston engine and turboprop engine variants)
- Virgin Islands Seaplane Shuttle (operated both the piston engine and turboprop engine variants)
Data from Jane's All the World's Aircraft 1948
- Crew: two
- Capacity: 10 passengers
- Length: 48 ft 4 in (14.73 m)
- Wingspan: 66 ft 8 in (20.32 m)
- Height: 18 ft 9 in (5.72 m) (on landing gear)
- Wing area: 444 sq ft (41.2 m2)
- Empty weight: 9,350 lb (4,241 kg)
- Gross weight: 12,750 lb (5,783 kg)
- Fuel capacity: 380 US gal (320 imp gal; 1,400 L)
- Powerplant: 2 × Pratt & Whitney R-1340-53H1 9-cylinder air-cooled radial engine, 600 hp (450 kW) each (takeoff power)
- Maximum speed: 187 kn (215 mph, 346 km/h) at 6,000 ft (1,800 m)
- Cruise speed: 160 kn (180 mph, 290 km/h) at 8,000 ft (2,400 m) (55% power)
- Stall speed: 62 kn (71 mph, 114 km/h)
- Range: 1,200 nmi (1,380 mi, 2,220 km) with 810 lb (370 kg) payload
- Service ceiling: 23,000 ft (7,000 m)
- Rate of climb: 1,290 ft/min (6.6 m/s)
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration, and era
- The Fruehauf Trailer Historical Society
- "Video:Looking back at the Globe's flying newsrooms". The Globe and Mail. 15 October 2020.
- Lees, Norman Birds of Passage. Pictorial memories of visitors to Malta 1948/1950 Air Enthusiast No.74 March/April 1998 p.6 with photograph
- "- YouTube". YouTube.
- Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Grumman G-73 Mallard VH-CQA Swan River, Perth, WA". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 2017-01-26.
- "Australia Day Perth plane crash: Victims remembered as authorities search for answers". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 27 January 2017. Retrieved 27 January 2017.
- "Australia Day Swan River plane crash blamed on pilot error as ATSB calls for air show changes". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 18 November 2019. Retrieved 14 October 2021.
- Goodall 1984, pp. 547–548
- "SOUTH EAST ASIA 1960s-1970s - INDONESIA & DUTCH NEW GUINEA". goodall.com.au. Retrieved 10 February 2021.
- Bridgman 1948, pp. 267c–268c
- Bridgman, Leonard (1948). Jane's All the World's Aircraft 1948. London: Sampson Low, Marston & Company, Ltd.
- Goodall, Geoff (December 1984). "Barrier Reef Mallards". Aircraft Illustrated. Vol. 17, no. 12. pp. 546–549. ISSN 0002-2675.
- Hotson, Fred W. and Matthew E. Rodina. Grumman Mallard: The Enduring Classic. Scarborough, Ontario: Robin Brass Studio, 2006. ISBN 978-1-896941-44-8.
- Thruelsen, Richard. The Grumman Story. New York: Praeger Publishers, Inc., 1976. ISBN 0-275-54260-2.
- Winchester, Jim, ed. "Grumman Goose/Mallard." Biplanes, Triplanes and Seaplanes (The Aviation Factfile). Rochester, Kent, UK: Grange Books plc, 2004. ISBN 1-84013-641-3.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Grumman G-73 Mallard.|
- "Grumman Hatches A Mallard", November 1946, Popular Science
- New York Times article about Chalk's accident
- Aircraft Maintenance Technology article about Chalk's accident
- NTSB preliminary report on Chalk's accident DCA06MA010 of 19 December 2005
- Picture of CF-HPU Pacific Western Airlines operated Mallard in Tahsis, BC in late 1950s
- Picture of a Chalk's Mallard in Miami in 1996
- History of Chalk's Ocean Airways at answers.com
- Left at the Evening Star - selling a beloved Mallard
- Grumman Mallard's and the Fruehauf Trailer Company