Waterfalls in the El Castrero River.
Guárico State (Spanish: Estado Guárico, IPA: [esˈtaðo ˈɣwaɾiko]) is one of the 23 states of Venezuela. The state capital is San Juan de Los Morros. Guárico State covers a total surface area of 64 986 km² and, in 2007, had an estimated population of 745,100. It is named for the Guárico River.
During colonial Venezuela, the territory of Guárico State was part of the Venezuela Province. Guárico Province was created as a province of Venezuela in 1848 by decree of President José Tadeo Monagas, and following the Federal War, Guárico State was created as a state of Venezuela in 1864. In the late nineteenth century (from 1881) it was involved in a series of re-arrangements of Venezuelan states, eventually re-emerging as an independent state in 1899. Its first capital was Calabozo (until October 1874), its second Ortiz (until 1934), when the capital was moved to San Juan de los Morros.
Municipalities and municipal seats
- El Socorro
- Francisco de Miranda (Calabozo)
- José Félix Ribas (Tucupido)
- José Tadeo Monagas
- San Juan de los Morros
- Julián Mellado (El Sombrero)
- Las Mercedes
- Valle de la Pascua
- Pedro Zaraza
- San Gerónimo de Guayabal (Guayabal)
- San José de Guaribe (San José de Guaribe)
- Santa María de Ipire (Santa María de Ipire)
Race and ethnicity
According to the 2011 Census, the racial composition of the population was:
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