Guéré (Gere), also called Wè (Wee), is a Kru language spoken by over 300,000 people in the Dix-Huit Montagnes and Moyen-Cavally regions of Ivory Coast.
Phonology [ edit ]
phonology of Guere (here the Zagna dialect of Central Guere / Southern Wè) is briefly sketched out below. [3 ]
Consonants [ edit ]
The consonant phonemes are as follows:
Allophones of some of these phonemes include:
[k͡m] is an allophone of /k͡p/ before nasal vowels
[ŋ͡m] is an allophone of /ɡ͡b/ before nasal vowels
[ŋʷ] is an allophone of /w/ before nasal vowels
[ɗ] is an allophone of /l/ in word-initial position
[r] is an allophone of /l/ after a coronal consonant (alveolar or palatal)
In addition, while the nasal consonants
/m, n/ and contrast with /ɓ/ and /l/ before oral vowels, and are thus separate phonemes, before nasal vowels only the nasal consonants occur. /ɓ/ and /l/ do not occur before nasal vowels, suggesting that historically a phonemic merger between these sounds and the nasals /m, n/ may have occurred in this position.
West African languages, Guere makes use of a contrast between vowels with advanced tongue root and those with retracted tongue root. In addition, nasal vowels contrast phonemically with oral vowels.
Guere is a
tonal language and contrasts ten tones:
ɡ͡ba˩ "to scatter"
ɡ͡ba˧ "to destroy"
mɛ˦ "to die"
de˦˥ "younger brother"
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
^ Central Gere at (Southern Wee) (18th ed., 2015) Ethnologue
Neyo at (Western Wee) (18th ed., 2015) Ethnologue
^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Guere". . Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. Glottolog
^ Paradis, Carole (1983). Description phonologique du guéré. Abidjan: Institut de Linguistique Appliquée, Université d'Abidjan.