Guaíra, São Paulo

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Flag of Guaíra
Coat of arms of Guaíra
Coat of arms
Location in São Paulo state
Location in São Paulo state
Guaíra is located in Brazil
Location in Brazil
Coordinates: 20°19′6″S 48°18′38″W / 20.31833°S 48.31056°W / -20.31833; -48.31056Coordinates: 20°19′6″S 48°18′38″W / 20.31833°S 48.31056°W / -20.31833; -48.31056
StateSão Paulo
MesoregionRibeirão Preto
 • MayorSérgio de Mello (PT)
 • Total1,258 km2 (486 sq mi)
517 m (1,696 ft)
 (2020 [1])
 • Total41,040
 • Density33/km2 (84/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-03:00 (BRT)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-02:00 (BRST)
Postal code
Area code(+55) 17

Guaíra is a municipality in São Paulo state in Brazil. The population is 41,040 (2020 est.) in an area of 1258 km2.[2]


In the northeastern region of São Paulo, between the Rio Grande, Pardo River and the Sapucaí River, in what was then called Nuporanga, Antônio Marques Garcia founded a town in the called "Corredeira," along the path to Santa dos Olhos D'Água (which is today known as Ipuã). A plot of land which was acquired November 12, 1901 for "Six-hundred thousand réis" was enlarged with lands donated by Joaquim Garcia Franco and Maria Sabino Alves Franco, resulting in a significantly sized area focused around a small settlement called "Corredeira of São Sebastião" in homage to the patron saint, later renamed "Corredeira do Bom Jardim" or simply "Corredeira."

It was named a "Distrito de Paz," (that is, was assigned a Justice of the Peace) with the name of Guaíra, by State Law n. 1144 on November 16, 1908, and a municipality by State Law n. 2328 on December 27, 1928. Installation as a municipality took place on May 18, 1929, and installation as a comarca on May 18, 1955. "Guaíra" is a toponym which can be translated as "running water."


Guaíra is located at an altitude of 517 metres (1,696 ft).

  • Topography: flat
  • Rainfall: yearly average of 1,550 mm
  • Winds predominantly from the Northwest
  • Temperature:
    • Maximum: 38 degrees Celsius
    • Minimum: 6 degrees Celsius
    • Median: 25 degrees Celsius




Census data: 2000

Total population: 34,610

  • Urban: 32.274
  • Rural: 2,336
  • Men: 17,412
  • Women: 17, 198

Population density (inhabitants/km2): 27.50

Infant mortality to age 1 (per thousand): 8.24

Life expectancy (years): 75.93

Fertility rate (children per woman): 2.17

Literacy rate: 91.07%

Human Development Index: 0.822

  • HDI-M GDP: 0.728
  • HDI-M Life Expectancy: 0.849
  • HDI-M Education: 0.888

(Source: IPEA)

Other measures[edit]

  • Number of voters in 2003: 25,231
  • Date of founding: December 27, 1928
  • Major industries: agriculture, husbandry, agribusiness
  • Roads - 740 km
  • Paved roads: 44 km
  • Main tourist point: Lago Maracá


External links[edit]