Guaíra, São Paulo

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Guaíra
Flag of Guaíra
Flag
Coat of arms of Guaíra
Coat of arms
Location in São Paulo state
Location in São Paulo state
Guaíra is located in Brazil
Guaíra
Guaíra
Location in Brazil
Coordinates: 20°19′6″S 48°18′38″W / 20.31833°S 48.31056°W / -20.31833; -48.31056Coordinates: 20°19′6″S 48°18′38″W / 20.31833°S 48.31056°W / -20.31833; -48.31056
CountryBrazil
RegionSoutheast
StateSão Paulo
MesoregionRibeirão Preto
Government
 • MayorSérgio de Mello (PT)
Area
 • Total1,258 km2 (486 sq mi)
Elevation
517 m (1,696 ft)
Population
 (2015)
 • Total39,813
 • Density32/km2 (82/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-03:00 (BRT)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-02:00 (BRST)
Postal code
14790-000
Area code(+55) 17
Websitewww.guaira.sp.gov.br

Guaíra is a municipality in São Paulo state in Brazil. The population is 39,813 (2015 est.) in an area of 1258 km2.[1]

History[edit]

In the northeastern region of São Paulo, between the Rio Grande, Pardo River and the Sapucaí River, in what was then called Nuporanga, Antônio Marques Garcia founded a town in the called "Corredeira," along the path to Santa dos Olhos D'Água (which is today known as Ipuã). A plot of land which was acquired November 12, 1901 for "Six-hundred thousand réis" was enlarged with lands donated by Joaquim Garcia Franco and Maria Sabino Alves Franco, resulting in a significantly sized area focused around a small settlement called "Corredeira of São Sebastião" in homage to the patron saint, later renamed "Corredeira do Bom Jardim" or simply "Corredeira."

It was named a "Distrito de Paz," (that is, was assigned a Justice of the Peace) with the name of Guaíra, by State Law n. 1144 on November 16, 1908, and a municipality by State Law n. 2328 on December 27, 1928. Installation as a municipality took place on May 18, 1929, and installation as a comarca on May 18, 1955. "Guaíra" is a toponym which can be translated as "running water."

Geography[edit]

Guaíra is located at an altitude of 517 metres (1,696 ft).

  • Topography: flat
  • Rainfall: yearly average of 1,550 mm
  • Winds predominantly from the Northwest
  • Temperature:
    • Maximum: 38 degrees Celsius
    • Minimum: 6 degrees Celsius
    • Median: 25 degrees Celsius

Hydrography[edit]

Highways[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Census data: 2000

Total population: 34,610

  • Urban: 32.274
  • Rural: 2,336
  • Men: 17,412
  • Women: 17, 198

Population density (inhabitants/km2): 27.50

Infant mortality to age 1 (per thousand): 8.24

Life expectancy (years): 75.93

Fertility rate (children per woman): 2.17

Literacy rate: 91.07%

Human Development Index: 0.822

  • HDI-M GDP: 0.728
  • HDI-M Life Expectancy: 0.849
  • HDI-M Education: 0.888

(Source: IPEA)

Other measures[edit]

  • Number of voters in 2003: 25,231
  • Date of founding: December 27, 1928
  • Major industries: agriculture, husbandry, agribusiness
  • Roads - 740 km
  • Paved roads: 44 km
  • Main tourist point: Lago Maracá

References[edit]

External links[edit]