Guadarrama

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Guadarrama
Municipality
Official seal of Guadarrama
Seal
Guadarrama is located in Spain
Guadarrama
Guadarrama
Location of Guadarrama within Spain / Navarre
Guadarrama is located in Community of Madrid
Guadarrama
Guadarrama
Guadarrama (Community of Madrid )
Coordinates: 40°40′22″N 4°05′20″W / 40.67278°N 4.08889°W / 40.67278; -4.08889Coordinates: 40°40′22″N 4°05′20″W / 40.67278°N 4.08889°W / 40.67278; -4.08889
Country  Spain
Autonomous Community  Community of Madrid
Comarca Cuenca del Guadarrama
Municipality Guadarrama
Government
 • Mayor Carmen María Pérez del Molino (APPG)
Area
 • Total 56.98 km2 (22.00 sq mi)
Elevation 981 m (3,219 ft)
Population (2015)
 • Total 15,538
 • Density 270/km2 (710/sq mi)
Demonym(s) guadarrameño, -ña
Website Guadarrama's Town Council

Guadarrama is a town and municipality in the Cuenca del Guadarrama comarca, in the Community of Madrid, Spain.

Its population is 13,032 (winter, according to a 2006 census); the poopulation swells to approximately 60,000 in summer.

Founded by Arabs, its name comes from uadi-er-rameil river.

Guadarrama achieved the status of "villa" under Fernando V of Castile (II of Aragon) on November 22, 1504. Fernando VI ordered the building of a road to A Coruña through the Guadarrama Pass, through which passed the Grande Armée with Napoleon searching For John Moore's Army in 1808.

This town was absolutely destroyed during the Spanish Civil War, as it was for almost three years a battlefront. All one can see in this town today is new, built in the mid-20th century.

It was the location for some scenes in the 1964 film The Fall of the Roman Empire.

It is close to Sierra de Guadarrama, a mountain range that is visited by Madrid residents seeking cooler temperatures, especially in summer.

See also[edit]