Guainía Department

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Department of Guainía
Departamento de Guainía
Cerros de Mavecure: Cerro Mono, 480m (left) and Cerro Pajarito, 712m (right)
Cerros de Mavecure: Cerro Mono, 480m (left) and Cerro Pajarito, 712m (right)
Flag of Department of Guainía
Coat of arms of Department of Guainía
Coat of arms
Guainía shown in red
Guainía shown in red
Topography of the department
Topography of the department
Coordinates: 3°51′55″N 67°55′26″W / 3.86528°N 67.92389°W / 3.86528; -67.92389Coordinates: 3°51′55″N 67°55′26″W / 3.86528°N 67.92389°W / 3.86528; -67.92389
Country  Colombia
Region Amazon Region
Capital Inírida
 • Governor Javier Eliecer Zapata Parrado (2016-2019)
 • Total 72,238 km2 (27,891 sq mi)
Area rank 5th
Population (2013)[1]
 • Total 40,203
 • Rank 33rd
 • Density 0.56/km2 (1.4/sq mi)
Time zone UTC-05
ISO 3166 code CO-GUA

Guainía (Spanish pronunciation: [ɡwaiˈni.a]; Yuri language: "Land of many waters") is a department of Colombia. It is in the east of the country, bordering Venezuela and Brazil. Its capital is Inírida. In 1963 Guainía was split off from Vaupés department. The northern part and the Inírida River are included in the Orinoco basin; the rest is part of the Amazon basin. The Guaviare River is the main area of colonization; many colonos come from the Colombian Andean zone, most of them from Boyacá. They are followed by the llaneros, people from the Eastern plains (Los Llanos). The population is mainly composed of Amerindians, and the largest ethnic groups are the Puinaves (from the makú-puinave family) and the curripacos (from the Arawak family). There are a total of 24 ethnic groups in the department; many of them speak four Indian languages besides Spanish and Portuguese.


There is only one municipality in Guainía: Inírida, its capital. The rest of the territory is subdivided in corregimientos departamentales, a pending figure due to public disorder[clarification needed].[2] This case happens only in Amazonas, Vaupés and Vichada. Barranco Minas is the second biggest population and its main corregimiento; it is located on the Guaviare River.

The Guainía corregimientos are:

  1. Cacahual
  2. Guaviare
  3. La Guadalupe
  4. Morichal Nuevo
  5. Pana Pana
  6. Puerto Colombia
  7. San Felipe


  1. ^ "DANE". Archived from the original on November 13, 2009. Retrieved February 13, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Sentencia C-141/01" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2008-07-27. 

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