ter – Terena
gqn – Kinikinao & Guaná
caj – Chané
Terêna or Etelena is spoken by 15,000 Brazilians. The language has a dictionary and written grammar. Many Terena people have low Portuguese proficiency. It is spoken in Mato Grosso do Sul. 20% are literate in their language, 80% literate in Portuguese.
- Terena at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
Kinikinao & Guaná at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
Chané at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
- Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Terena-Kinikinao-Chane". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.
- Aikhenvald, "Arawak", in Dixon & Aikhenvald, eds., The Amazonian Languages, 1999.
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