Guang people

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Guans
Total population
(~0.3 million)
Regions with significant populations
Ghana 0.3 million[1]
Languages
Guan
Religion
Christians
Related ethnic groups
subgroup Gonja, and other Guan peoples

The Guan people are an ethnic group found almost in all parts of Ghana, including the Gonja, Anum, Larteh, whose ancestors founded the Gonja state. They speak primarily the Guan languages of the Niger-Congo language family.[2]

Guans are believed to be the first settlers in the modern day Ghana that migrated from the Mossi region of modern Burkina around 1000 A.D.[3] They are scattered across all the regions in Ghana. Guans speak distinct languages which are different from the major languages in Ghana except Gonja. However, some of these Guan languages are influenced by major languages in Ghana, depending on where a particular Guang tribe is located. Guans in the Eastern region include Anum, Boso, Larteh, Okere, and Kyerepong. Guans in the Volta Region include Akpafu/Lolobi, Buem, Nkonya, Likpe, Logba, Amedzofe, etc. In the central region we have the Efutu, Awutu and Senya in Winneba and Bawjiase areas. The Gonja people are in the North and part of Brong Ahafo. Guans being the first settlers in Ghana, some were assimilated into the cultures of the major ethnic groups in the various regions we have today. Thus, some indigenes of Kpeshie in Greater Accra and Nzema, Sefwi, Ahanta etc. in the Western region may also trace their roots to Guans. The indigenes of most of the Fantes in the central region including Asebu, Edna, Aguafo etc. as well as Agona can also trace their origins from Guans. At present it is accepted that the Guan people can be found in five regions in Ghana: Volta, Northern, Central, Eastern, and Brong Ahafo Regions.They are very tolerant and live as commoners in their various environment. They speak the languages of the major ethnic group where they are found natively and speak their distinct languages at home.

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