Location of Guanahacabibes in Cuba
|Area||398.26 km2 (153.77 sq mi)|
|Established||1987 (Biosphere Reserve)|
Guanahacabibes Peninsula is the westernmost point on the island of Cuba. It is located in Pinar del Río Province, in the municipality of Sandino and is sparsely populated. The waters surrounding the peninsula are important spiny lobster and red snapper fishing grounds. It also boasts the category of Biosphere Reserve, listed by UNESCO in 1987. Its western extremity, Cape San Antonio (Spanish: Cabo San Antonio), is the westernmost point of Cuba.
Guanahacabibes was the site of Cuba's first forced labor camp, started at the end of 1960.
The Guanahacabibes National Park on the peninsula is one of the country's largest natural reserves and is separated from the rest of the island by white-sand plains where one of Cuba's largest lakeside areas lies. A relatively small area holds some 100 lakes, as well as the largest and purest fields of silica sand, which is 99.8% pure. Nature tourism is a major attraction in the 398.26 km2 (153.77 sq mi) National Park. The area is inhabited by 172 species of birds belonging to 42 families, 11 of which are endemic and 84 are migratory. Experts also believe that 4 of the 7 species of marine turtles living on the planet have survived in the Guanahacabibes Peninsula. The coastline also contains preserved coral reefs, with the northern coast being lined by the cays and isles of the western Colorados Archipelago.
The peninsula was one of the last refuges of aboriginals fleeing from the Spanish conquistadors and also holds some 140 archeological sites linked to the life of aborigines, who were known as Guanahatabeyes.
- National Protected Areas System of Cuba. "Protected Areas". Retrieved 10 October 2007.
- Radio Guama. "Guanahacabibes, Voluntad vs huracanes". Retrieved 10 October 2007.
- (Spanish) Espinosa J., Ortea J., Sánchez R. & Gutiérrez J. (2012). Moluscos marinos Reserva de la Biosfera de la Península de Guanahacabibes. Instituto de Oceanología, Havana, 325 pp. ISBN 978-959-298-024-2.
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