Guane doubled-chambered, ceramic, stirrup-spout vessel, 10th–16th century CE, exhibited at Chicamocha National Park
|Regions with significant populations|
|Santander, Boyacá, Colombia|
|Chibcha, Colombian Spanish|
|Traditional religion, Roman Catholicism|
|Related ethnic groups|
|Lache, U'wa, Muisca, Muzo, Yarigui|
The Guane people were a South American people that lived mainly in the area of Santander and north of Boyacá, both departments of present-day central-Colombia. They were farmers cultivating cotton, pineapple and other crops, and skilled artisans working in cotton textiles. The Guane lived north of the Chicamocha River, around the Chicamocha Canyon in an area stretching from Vélez in the south to the capital of Santander; Bucaramanga in the north. Other sources state their territory did not extend so far north. Guane, a corregimiento of Barichara, Santander, is said to have been the capital of the Guane people.
The Guane made their own weapons, including arrows and spears. They interchanged plants for the stewpot with the Chitarero on the east and the Muisca to the south of their territories. The mantle making of the Guanes was well-known in pre-Columbian Colombia. Mantles made from cotton have been dated back to the 11th century AD. The Guane cultivated tobacco and made products of fique.
In 1586 there were still some Guane left but there were no further references found after that date; nevertheless, the local archives indicated that they did not disappear completely. They mixed heavily with the Spanish colonizers, as the Guane were said to have European traits and very light skin.
Like the Muisca, U'wa and Lache people, the Guane spoke a Chibchan language. They adored Bochica, the messenger god in the Muisca religion. The Guane traded with their neighbouring indigenous groups; Lache to the east, U'wa to the northeast, Muzo to the south and Muisca to the southeast.
Municipalities belonging to Guane territory
(shared with Muisca and Yarigui)
|Valle de San José||Santander||1250|
|San José de Pare||Boyacá||1545|
- (Spanish) Guane people and their territories
- (Spanish) Reconstruction of the Guane people - El Espectador
- (Spanish) Guane people and their mantle making
- (Spanish) Cranial deformation of the Guane and other cultures worldwide
- (Spanish) Physical aspects of the Guane people
- (Spanish) Description of the Guane people and their culture
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Guane culture.|