Guane culture

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Detail of Guane rock painting

The Guanes were a South American people[1] that lived mainly in the area of Santander and north of Boyacá, both modern departments of Colombia. They were farmers cultivating cotton, pineapple and other crops, and skilled artisans working in cotton textiles.


The Guanes made their own weapons, including arrows and spears. They interchanged plants for the stewpot with the Chitareros on the east and the Chibchas from southern Colombia.

In 1586 there were still some Guanes left but there were no further references found after that date; nevertheless, the local archives indicated that they did not disappear completely. They mixed heavily with the Spanish colonizers, as the Guanes were said to have European traits and very light skin.

The Guanes spoke a Chibchan language.


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