Location of Guang'an in Sichuan
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|• Prefecture-level city||6,301.41 km2 (2,432.99 sq mi)|
|• Urban||1,533.65 km2 (592.15 sq mi)|
|• Metro||1,533.65 km2 (592.15 sq mi)|
|• Urban density||710/km2 (1,800/sq mi)|
|Time zone||China Standard (UTC+8)|
Guang'an (simplified Chinese: 广安; traditional Chinese: 廣安; pinyin: Guǎng'ān; Wade–Giles: kwang-an) is a prefecture-level city in eastern Sichuan province. It is most famous as the birthplace of China's former paramount leader Deng Xiaoping. Guang'an lies between the hills of central Sichuan and the gorges area of the east. Because of its strategic location, it is called the "Gateway to Eastern Sichuan".
Its population in 2000 was 1,093,103.
Geography and climate
Guang'an is located on a gradually rising section along the edge of the Sichuan Basin. The area is 6,344 km2 (2,449 sq mi). The eastern part of Guang'an is mountainous, the central part hilly, and the western part is relatively flat. The elevation ranges from only 185 to 1704 meters above sea-level. The main rivers are the Qu through the center of the area and the Jialing through the west.
The climate is temperate and the weather is monsoonal. The average temperature is between 15.8° and 17.7°C. Winters are mild and summers are hot. The average rainfall is between 1000–1500 mm. The frost-free period lasts 310–324 days. Winter and spring have relatively little rain while in summer there are heavy rain showers. Autumns have almost constant rain and light wind.
Guang'an has 1 city, 3 counties, 87 towns, and 2886 villages with a total population of 4,443,000.
|Area (km²)||Density (/km²)|
|Guang'an District||广安区||Guǎng'ān Qū||1,01,000||1,032||978|
|Qianfeng District||前锋区||Qiánfēng Qū||530,000||504||1051|
|Huaying City||华蓥市||Huāyíng Shì||360,000||466||77|
|Yuechi County||岳池县||Yuèchí Xiàn||1,190,000||1,457||816|
|Wusheng County||武胜县||Wǔshēng Xiàn||850,000||966||879|
|Linshui County||邻水县||Línshuǐ Xiàn||1,030,000||1,919||536|
Guang'an's economy is natural resource based. Mineral resources are plentiful and the soil is ideal for agriculture.
Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping's birthplace and former residence museum is located in Paifang village (牌坊村) in Xiexing town (协兴镇). Guang'an also has beautiful natural scenery including many mountains and gorges designated as parks.