Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macau Greater Bay Area

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Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macau Greater Bay Area (green), while Pearl River Delta Economic Zone area is indicated in red line, but only includes city areas of Zhaoqing and Huizhou.

The Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macau Greater Bay Area (GD-HK-MO, simplified Chinese: 粤港澳大湾区; traditional Chinese: 粵港澳大灣區) or simply Greater Bay Area (GBA), is a megalopolis, also known as the Pearl River Delta, consisting of nine cities and two special administrative regions in south China. On 7 December 2016, the concept for the area was mentioned in the English version of China's 13th Five-Year Plan.[1] On 13 April 2017, the heading of a piece of news released at the website of the State Council adopted the name "Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Bay Area".[2] Just over two months later, on 1 July 2017, the "Framework Agreement on Deepening Guangdong - Hong Kong - Macau Cooperation in the Development of the Bay Area" (深化粵港澳合作 推進大灣區建設框架協議) was signed in Hong Kong.[3]

The GBA consists of Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Zhuhai, Foshan, Dongguan, Zhongshan, Jiangmen, Huizhou, and Zhaoqing, as well as Hong Kong and Macau.

Population centres[edit]

Cities Urban
area pop.[4]
area pop.[4]
area pop.[4]
Census date
Guangzhou 10,641,408 12,701,948 12,701,948 2010-11-01
Shenzhen 10,358,381 10,358,381 10,358,381 2010-11-01
Dongguan 7,271,322 8,220,207 8,220,207 2010-11-01
Hong Kong 7,071,576 7,071,576 7,071,576 2011-06-30[5]
Foshan 6,771,895 7,197,394 7,197,394 2010-11-01
Zhongshan 2,740,994 3,121,275 3,121,275 2010-11-01
Huizhou 1,807,858 2,344,634 4,598,402 2010-11-01
Jiangmen 1,480,023 1,822,614 4,450,703 2010-11-01
Zhuhai 1,369,538 1,562,530 1,562,530 2010-11-01
Zhaoqing 784,642 1,397,152 3,916,467 2010-11-01
Macau 552,503 552,503 552,503 2011-08-12[6]
Total 50,850,140 56,350,214 63,751,386



Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macau Bay Area Rail Transit Network


Urban rail transit (including metros, commuter and regional railways) is expanding very fast. Hong Kong MTR was the first, and its model has subsequently been applied to other networks in the region. The total length of all cities' metro lines is now 924.8 km.


Regional and commuter railway[edit]

Light rail and tram[edit]

Intercity railway[edit]


See also[edit]


  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^ a b c 国务院人口普查办公室、国家统计局人口和社会科技统计司编 (2012). 中国2010年人口普查分县资料. Beijing: China Statistics Print. ISBN 978-7-5037-6659-6.
  5. ^ Census and Statistics Department, Hong Kong (2012). Hong Kong 2011 Census. Hong Kong: Census and Statistics Department, Hong Kong.
  6. ^ Direcção dos Serviços de Estatística e Censos, Macau (2012). 15th Macau Census (2011). Macau: Direcção dos Serviços de Estatística e Censos.