Guangjiao Temple (Nantong)

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Guangjiao Temple
广教寺
Buddhist temple on Wolf Hill.JPG
Guangjiao Temple
Religion
AffiliationBuddhism
DeityChan Buddhim
LeadershipShi Juncai (释俊才)
Location
LocationNantong, Jiangsu
CountryChina
Guangjiao Temple (Nantong) is located in Jiangsu
Guangjiao Temple (Nantong)
Shown within Jiangsu
Guangjiao Temple (Nantong) is located in China
Guangjiao Temple (Nantong)
Guangjiao Temple (Nantong) (China)
Geographic coordinates31°57′17″N 120°53′44″E / 31.954663°N 120.895449°E / 31.954663; 120.895449Coordinates: 31°57′17″N 120°53′44″E / 31.954663°N 120.895449°E / 31.954663; 120.895449
Architecture
StyleChinese architecture
FounderSengjia (僧伽)
Date established669
Completed1980s (reconstruction)

Guangjiao Temple (simplified Chinese: 广教寺; traditional Chinese: 廣教寺; pinyin: Guǎngjiào Sì) is a Buddhist temple located on the top of Mount Lang (狼山; 'Wolf Mountain'), in Nantong, Jiangsu, China. It is the ashram of Mahasthamaprapta.[1]

History[edit]

Guangjiao Temple was first built by Sengjia (僧伽) in 669, under the Tang dynasty (618–907). At that time, it initially called "Cihang Temple" (慈航院) The name was changed into "Guangjiao Temple" in 958, during the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms (907–960). During the Taiping Xingguo period (976–983) of the Song dynasty (960–1279), Zhihuan (智幻) settled at Guangjiao Temple, where he disseminated Buddhism.[2]

After the 3rd Plenary Session of the 11th Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party in 1980, local government restored and redecorated the temple. Guangjiao Temple has been classified as a National Key Buddhist Temple in Han Chinese Area by the State Council of China in 1983.

Architecture[edit]

The existing main buildings include the Yuantong Hall, Grand Buddha Hall, Hall of Great Campassion, Hall of Four Heavenly Kings, Buddhist Texts Library, abbot's room, monk's dwellings and a pagoda named "Zhiyuan" (支云塔).

Yuantong Hall[edit]

The Yuantong Hall enshrining statues of the Three Sages of the West (西方三圣), namely Guanyin, Amitabha and Mahasthamaprapta.[2]

Grand Buddha Hall[edit]

The Grand Buddha Hall is three rooms wide and three rooms deep. It still preserves the architectural style of the Ming dynasty (1368–1644). Statue of Sakyamuni is enshrined in the middle of the hall. Inner walls are painted with frescos.[2]

Zhiyun Pagoda[edit]

The Zhiyun Pagoda was first built between 976 and 984 in the Song dynasty (960–1279). The 35-metre (115 ft) pagoda has the brick and wood structure with five stories and four sides. Curved bars and cornices are set on each story, which are magnificent and become the symbol of Guangjiao Temple.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 广教寺系大势至菩萨道场 大胜菩萨身穿龙袍. iFeng (in Chinese). 2014-07-21.
  2. ^ a b c d 南通广教寺传奇:开山祖师神通广大降狼妖 [Legend of Nantong Guangjiao Temple]. iFeng (in Chinese). 2014-08-08.