Guangzhi Yuan

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Coordinates: 36°39′22.25″N 117°0′46.91″E / 36.6561806°N 117.0130306°E / 36.6561806; 117.0130306

Entrance gate in 2009
Whitewright Institute in 1947

The Guangzhi Yuan (simplified Chinese: 广; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: Guǎngzhì Yuàn; literally: 'Academy of Broad Knowledge') is a historical building in the City of Jinan, Shandong Province, China. In the early 20th century, it housed a museum that became the forerunner of the Shandong Provincial Museum.

The Guangzhi Yuan is linked to Shandong's oldest museum, the Yidu Museum that was opened by British Baptist missionary John Sutherland Whitewright in Qingzhou in 1887. The science history and exhibits of the Yidu Museum were relocated to Jinan in 1904 and renamed to Guangzhi Yuan.[1] Later, it was operated as the Whitewright Institute at Shantung Christian University.

The museum became quickly popular and attracted 102,000 visitors in the first four months after opening in Jinan.[1] By 1912, the annual number of visitors had risen to 230,000 and by 1919 to 400,000.[1]

The Guangzhi Yuan was reopened in 1956 as the Shandong Provincial Museum.[1]

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  1. ^ a b c d J. A. Flath, Managing Historical Capital in Shandong: Museum, Monument, and Memory in Provincial China, The Public Historian, Vol. 24, No. 2 (Spring, 2002), pp. 41-59